Norbert-Bertrand Barbe

Norbert-Bertrand Barbe is a French art historian, semiologist, artist and writer. He was born in 1968 and has a master's degree in art history (Université Paris X, 1991) and a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature (Université d'Orléans, 1996). He is an Honorary Member of the Nicaraguan Academy of Language.[1]


Norbert-Bertrand Barbe (January 2009)

He worked as a teacher and researcher since 1992 in several French, Costa Rican and Nicaraguan institutions. His fields are the Middle Ages, modern times and the contemporary era. He dedicated himself to the study of symbolic productions, (plastic arts), literature, cinema, myths and the methodological and epistemological rationalization of its approach. He developed this approach in his doctoral thesis "The themes of the Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault studied through their recurrence in the work of the painter, and art and literature of the 19th century" (1992) and "Roland Barthes and the aesthetic theory" (1996), in his book Arturo Andrés Roig and the epistemological problem (1998). He is the author of more than 1200 articles.[2] published in national print media and magazines (France, Spain, United States, Mexico, Nicaragua), and on internet (Spain, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica).

As editor, he published more than two hundred books, more than fifty such as author, and about ten as a translator. So he is the first and only translator and editor to the French of the major classics of Nicaraguan literature, like Salomón de la Selva, Alfonso Cortés, Ernesto Cardenal and Carlos Martinez Rivas.[citation needed] The theoretical books by Norbert-Bertrand Barbe are accessible on the main University libraries around the world (Yale, Princeton, Emory, Harvard, Oxford, Heidelberg, La Sorbonne, Tokyo, Kyoto, etc., as well as in the Library of Congress or in the National Library of Sweden).[3]

Artistic orientation and theoric relevanceEdit

In poetry and art, his work has evolved from a naturalistic expressionism to decomposition formal and narrative questions, particularly through the shocker pop and photomontages.
In the 2000s he developed "processal" works and "geometric poems and tales",[4] which incorporate the concept of "Not Happening" and "reverse literature" in which the structure of the narrative construction appears to the reader/viewer.[5] He is co-founder of the movement Kites (1996–1999) and Any Name (1998–2005), founder of the journal Go Home (2005 to date) and founder of Bes editions (2001 to date).
As a theorist, his path is defined by its interdisciplinarity (Masters in Low Medieval Art History; DEA and Ph.D. in Comparative Literature, respectively modern and contemporary, his Ph.D. touching issues of aesthetic and epistemological study of the works).
The main contributions of Norbert Berttand Barbe in the Humanities studies are:
1/ The unification of a general theory of interpretation of symbolic productions[6] through his books Iconologia (about visual arts), Myths (about mythology), Literary origins of contemporary thought (about literature), Essays on filmic iconology (about films).
2/ Mirroring macro phenomena from micro (Nicaragua).[7]
3/ The comprehensive approach to the development and structural evolution of the modern mentality to the contemporary one studied in its works.[8] In books: Culture Lodge, The Construction of the Me; Literary origins of contemporary thought; Nothingness in contemporary thought; Darian Studies.
4 / The iconological approach to contemporary art and motifs as minimal units of meaning to assume the abstract work as a historical phenomenon readable since his time.[9] In books: Representation: Iconographic problem of contemporary art; Sur-realism; The Scream by Edvard Munch: A paradigmatic case of staging iconic codes of an era; Stéphane Mallarmé and the question of abstract art.
5 / The study of modern and contemporary architecture as an expression not just concrete and practical of using necessities, but also intellectual of formal tensions.[10] In books: Meaning and context of the Black square on White background by Kazimir Malevich: An testimonial and argumentative object of vanguards in their controversies with figurative art about issues of color and formal composition; A History of Modern Architecture 12th–18th centuries; History of contemporary architecture 19th-21th [sic?] centuries.
6 / The analysis of discourses of domination from the study of mass speech.[11] In books: Two essays on Laugh; Elements of the political construction of contemporary thought nineteenth-twentieth centuries – Criticism and lies: From Public School to Socialism of the 21th [sic?] century; Vox Populi: Why we are not free; Metalanguage and dominance speeches in the postmodern culture and politics.

Visual artEdit


  1. ^ Arellano, Francisco Manuel. "Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua". Retrieved 2015-09-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ See:
  3. ^ See:; &
  4. ^ See: Poema geométrico, aka Cloaca, editor: Rosario R. Hernández, Revista Katharsis, No 8, September 2009, Archived 2012-03-26 at the Wayback Machine & El cuento geométrico, editor: Rosario R. Hernández, Revista Katharsis, No 8, September 2009,
  5. ^ See: En los recintos poéticos del Dr. Barbe, El Nuevo Diario, 19/07/2007.
  6. ^ Lire/Aimer, Connaître/Ecrire, Editer/Publier : du Rêve à la Réalité, in Un éditeur, un homme, Bulletin d'information et Relation L'Estracelle de la Maison de la Poésie Nord-Pas de Calais, N° 4, 2002, pp. 30–33; & El regreso del Papalote – Una entrevista de Porfirio García Romano con Norbert-Bertrand Barbe, El Nuevo Diario, 02/08/2002.
  7. ^ Erick Aguirre, Las traiciones de Norbert-Bertrand Barbe, El Nuevo Diario, 01/10/2005, pp. 9–11.
  8. ^ Adelina Morris, Un Coup de Dés : ou Stéphane Mallarmé et la question de l’art abstrait, Modern and Contemporary France, February 2008, vol. 16, No 1, pp. 76–77.
  9. ^ Adelina Morris, Un Coup de Dés : ou Stéphane Mallarmé et la question de l’art abstrait; & Agnès Lontrade, Roland Barthes et la théorie esthétique de Norbert-Bertrand Barbe, Critique d'Art, No 19, spring 2002, p. 40.
  10. ^ Steven F. White, Esthela Calderón, Culture and customs of Nicaragua, Greenwood Press, 2008, pp. 171–172.
  11. ^ Agnès Lontrade, Roland Barthes et la théorie esthétique de Norbert-Bertrand Barbe, op. cit.; Mongi Madini, Deux mille ans de rire, Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2002, pp. 31–40 ; & Bruno Chenique, Les dix numéros de la Méduse, La Méduse, Bulletin Informatif de l’Association des Amis de Géricault , Paris, n° 11, September 2002, p. 1.