Non-Violence (sculpture)

Non-Violence, also known as The Knotted Gun, is a bronze sculpture by Swedish artist Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd of an oversized Colt Python .357 Magnum revolver with its muzzle tied in a knot.

Non-Violence
The Knotted Gun
Non-Violence sculpture in front of UN headquarters NY.JPG
The sculpture at the United Nations headquarters in New York City
ArtistCarl Fredrik Reuterswärd
Completion date1984
TypeSculpture

HistoryEdit

Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd made this sculpture after the murder of John Lennon, with whom Reuterswärd was acquainted.[1] When learning of the murder he stayed up all night to work on the piece, inspired by the idea of making a knot on the gun the murderer Mark David Chapman had used.[2] He had previously done pieces of knotted pencils, such as Medium’s Memory in Kristianstad in 1977.[3] During 1980-1981 Reuterswärd did one prototype of a life size gun in plaster and one in bronze.[4] These are now kept in the collection of Museum of Sketches for Public Art in Lund.

The oversized public version of the piece was planned for John Lennon’s memorial Strawberry Fields in Central Park.[5] This sculpture was made 1984,[6] but when the memorial was opened in 1985 Reuterswärd opted not to have it placed there, citing fears it would be stolen.[7] In 1988, the Luxembourg government bought and donated it to the United Nations. The sculpture was moved right outside of the headquarters of the UN.[8][9] Here it was interpreted not only a memorial for John Lennon, but as a symbol against violence and war anywhere in the world.

Following the unveiling of the original sculpture, Reuterswärd did a range of replicas of Non Violence for places around the world, numbering about 30 sculptures. About half of these are in Sweden.

Aside from the public pieces, Reuterswärd made plenty of variations of the sculpture in smaller or life sized scale. In 2012 he donated a collection of pieces like this to the city museum in Landskrona.[10]

Since 1993, the sculpture has been the symbol of The Non-Violence Project (NVPF), a nonprofit organization that promotes social change through violence-prevention education programs. In 2011, Ringo Starr unveiled his own brightly colored version of The Knotted Gun that he created.[11] Later, more colour versions were made by Paul McCartney, Yoko Ono and other celebrities.[12]

For the 30th anniversary of the sculpture, the NVPF and the art dealer Hansen Fine Art launched a foot-long version of the sculpture sold online.[13] The United Nations Postal Administration issued three stamps depicting the sculpture.[14] In 2019, the NVPF worked with the Dalai Lama to make 150 small-scale Non-Violence sculptures from melted confiscated guns (Humanium Metal), including one copy signed by the Dalai Lama and auctioned at Sotheby's.[15]

LocationsEdit

There are currently more than 30 copies of the sculpture around the world. They are located in places such as :

Country Photo City Location Since
1   Sweden   Malmö Bagers plats 1992[16]
2   Stockholm Sergelgatan 1995[17]
3 Gothenburg Kungsportsavenyen 1997[18]
4   Gothenburg Göteborgs Högre Samskola Stampgatan
5   Gothenburg Göteborgs Högre Samskola Föreningsgatan
6   Borås Anna Lindh park
7 Lund The Museum of Sketches 2005[19]
8   Täby, Stockholm County Täby Centrum station 1998[20]
9 Fittja, Stockholm County Fittja metro station 1998[21]
10 Stockholm Åkeshov metro station 1998[22]
11   Halmstad Brogatan 2014[23]
12 Halmstad AJ Produkter Headquarter. Transportvägen[24]
13 Tällberg Green Hotel. Ovabacksgattu 17[24]
14 Landskrona Kasernplan
15   USA (original piece)   New York City Headquarters of the United Nations 1988
16   Luxembourg Kirchberg Parc Central
17   China   Beijing Chaoyang Park
18 Nanjing 1865 Creative Park
19   Germany Berlin Federal Chancellery
20   France Caen Mémorial de Caen 2005[25]
21    Switzerland   Lausanne Olympic Museum 1997[26]
22   South Africa Cape Town Victoria & Alfred Waterfront
23   Mexico Mexico City Mexipuerto Shopping Mall at Quatro Caminos Naucalpan
24 Mexico City 683 Calle Ferrocarril de Cuarnavaca Polanco
25   India Chennai Perambur, ICF
26   Georgia Rukhi Senaki - Leselidze Highway
27   Lebanon   Beirut Seafront[27] 2018
28   Northern Ireland Belfast Girdwood Community Hub
Gift from the Olsson family[28]
2019

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2000). Closed for holidays : memoarer. Stockholm: Natur och kultur. p. 156. ISBN 9127080579.
  2. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2000). Closed for holidays : memoarer. Stockholm: Natur och kultur. p. 157. ISBN 9127080579.
  3. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 20. ISBN 9178560624.
  4. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 29. ISBN 9178560624.
  5. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 29. ISBN 9178560624.
  6. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  7. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2000). Closed for holidays : memoarer. Stockholm: Natur och kultur. p. 157. ISBN 9127080579.
  8. ^ "Presentation page on the site of the Permanent Mission of Luxembourg to the United nations" (in French). Archived from the original on 2019-01-29. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  9. ^ Martin Chilton, Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd, sculptor of knotted revolver peace symbol, dies, Telegraph.co.uk, 4 May 2016
  10. ^ Millroth, Thomas. "Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd – Non Violence samlingen". Landskrona Stad. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  11. ^ Adam Sherwin, And then there were four: Ringo picks up his paintbrush, Independent.co.uk, 9 December 2011
  12. ^ "Ambassadörer". Non Violence Project. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  13. ^ Anna Harstedt, Celebrating the iconic Knotted Gun sculpture at the United Nations in NYC, 30 years later, Metro.us, 4 October 2018
  14. ^ Denise McCarty, U.N.'s new Knotted Gun stamp designs, Linns.com, 25 September 2018
  15. ^ Ben Paynter, They’re recreating this classic anti-gun-violence sculpture with metal from melted-down guns, Fastcompany.com, 10 January 2019
  16. ^ Malmö Förskönings- och Planteringsförening, Non Violence
  17. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  18. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  19. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  20. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  21. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  22. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  23. ^ "Konstverk i Halmstad". www.halmstad.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2022-03-04.
  24. ^ a b A blog entry dedicated to the gun with the knot on the barrel, Travelblog.org, 31 July 2011
  25. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  26. ^ Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik (2005). Non-Violence och andra offentliga verk. Lund: Skissernas museum. p. 121. ISBN 9178560624.
  27. ^ Knotted Gun Sculpture Unveiled in Beirut, Voanews.com, 2 October 2018
  28. ^ John Donohoe, The Knotted Gun, symbol of peace, erected in Belfast, Maethchronicle.ie, 16 September 2019

Coordinates: 40°45′03″N 73°58′04″W / 40.75083°N 73.96778°W / 40.75083; -73.96778