Nolina is a genus of tropical xerophytic flowering plants, with the principal distribution being in Mexico and extending into the southern United States.[2][3][4][5][6]

Nolina bigelovii.jpg
Nolina bigelovii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Nolina

Roulinia Brongn.

Some botanists have included the genus Beaucarnea in Nolina. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae).[7] Former alternative placements include Nolinaceae and Agavaceae. The genus is named for 18th century French arboriculturist Abbé C. P. Nolin.[3] Members of the genus are known as beargrasses,[8] some of which are cultivated as ornamental plants.


Nolina longifolia

Accepted species:[2][8][9]

  1. Nolina arenicola Correll – Trans-Pecos beargrass - western Texas
  2. Nolina atopocarpa Bartlett – Florida beargrass - Florida
  3. Nolina azureogladiata D.Donati - Oaxaca
  4. Nolina beldingi Brandegee - Baja California Sur
  5. Nolina bigelovii (Torr.) S.Watson – Bigelow's nolina - Sonora, Arizona, southern Nevada, southern California
  6. Nolina brittoniana Nash – Britton's beargrass - Florida
  7. Nolina cespitifera Trel. - Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nuevo León
  8. Nolina cismontana Dice – Peninsular beargrass - southern California
  9. Nolina durangensis Trel. - Chihuahua, Durango
  10. Nolina erumpens (Torr.) S.Watson – Foothill beargrass - Chihuahua, western Texas
  11. Nolina excelsa García-Mend. & E.Solano - Oaxaca
  12. Nolina georgiana Michx. – Georgia beargrass - Georgia, South Carolina
  13. Nolina greenei S.Watson ex Trel. – Woodland beargrass - New Mexico, southern Colorado, northwestern Texas, panhandle of Oklahoma
  14. Nolina hibernica Hochstaetter & D.Donati - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León
  15. Nolina humilis S.Watson - Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí
  16. Nolina interrata Gentry – Dehesa beargrass - San Diego County, northern Baja California
  17. Nolina juncea (Zucc.) J.F.Macbr. - northern Mexico
  18. Nolina lindheimeriana (Scheele) S.Watson – Devil's shoestring, Lindheimer nolina - central Texas
  19. Nolina matapensis Wiggins - Sonora, Chihuahua
  20. Nolina micrantha I.M.Johnst. – Chaparral beargrass - Coahuila, Chihuahua, western Texas, southern New Mexico
  21. Nolina microcarpa S.Watson – Palmilla Sacahuista - Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, New Mexico, southwestern Utah
  22. Nolina nelsonii Rose - Tamaulipas
  23. Nolina palmeri S.Watson - Baja California
  24. Nolina parryi S.Watson – Parry's beargrass - Arizona, southern California, Baja California, Sonora
  25. Nolina parviflora (Kunth) Hemsl. - central and southern Mexico
  26. Nolina pumila Rose - northern and central Mexico
  27. Nolina rigida Trel. - Mexico; apparently extinct
  28. Nolina texana S.Watson – Texas sacahuista - Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Chihuahua, Coahuila

Formerly placed hereEdit


  1. ^ "Genus: Nolina Michx". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Hess, William J. "Nolina Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 207. 1803". Flora of North America. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  4. ^ Hochstätter, F. (2010). The genus Nolina (Nolinaceae). Piante Grasse 2010(1, Suppl.): 1-48.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps
  6. ^ Trelease, William. 1911. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 50(200)
  7. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  8. ^ a b "Nolina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  9. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Nolina". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-31.

External linksEdit