No. 202 Squadron RAF
No. 202 Squadron of the Royal Air Force is the maritime and mountains training element of the Defence Helicopter Flying School. It operated the Sea King HAR.3 in the Search and rescue role at three stations in the northern half of the United Kingdom. It was originally formed as one of the first aeroplane squadrons of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) before it became part of the RAF.
|No. 202 Squadron RAF|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Search and rescue training|
|Part of||Defence Helicopter Flying School|
|Home station||RAF Valley|
(Latin for Be Always Vigilant)
|Aircraft||Airbus Helicopters Jupiter HT.1|
|Squadron Leader Ally McDowell|
|Squadron badge heraldry||A mallard alighting. Approved by King George VI in March 1937.|
|Squadron codes||JU (Allocated Apr 1939 – Sep 1939, no evidence of use)|
TQ (Sep 1939 – Aug 1943)
AX (May 1941 – Aug 1943)
TJ (Jul 1944 – Jun 1945)
Y3 (Oct 1946 – Apr 1951)
A (Apr 1951 – 1956)
Formation and the First World WarEdit
No. 202 Squadron was formed -along with the entire RAF- on 1 April 1918 by renumbering No. 2 Squadron RNAS. It was originally formed as one of the first aeroplane squadrons of the RNAS on 17 October 1914. It served on the Western Front during the First World War, carrying out reconnaissance and bombing missions from bases in Belgium and France before being disbanded on 22 January 1920.
No. 202 was reformed for a brief existence as fleet co-operation unit between 9 Apr 1920 and 16 May 1921 and some eight years later the squadron came to live again when No. 481 Flight, operating the Fairey III floatplane at Malta was re-numbered as 202 Squadron in 1929, continuing to fly patrols over the Mediterranean Sea throughout the 1930s, being re-equipped with Supermarine Scapa flying boats in 1935.
Second World WarEdit
During the Second World War, 202 Squadron flew anti-submarine patrols from RAF Gibraltar with Saro London, Consolidated Catalina and Short Sunderland flying boats and some Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers until 1944, when it moved with their Catalinas to RAF Castle Archdale, Northern Ireland, disbanding there on 12 June 1945.
202 Squadron reformed by renumbering 518 Squadron as a Weather Reconnaissance squadron at RAF Aldergrove near Belfast on 1 October 1946, flying converted Handley Page Halifax GR.6 & A.9 bombers on long range meteorological flights over the North Atlantic (codenamed "Bismuth"). It re-equipped with the more modern Handley Page Hastings Met.1 from November 1950, continuing in this role until disbanding on 31 July 1964.
Search and RescueEdit
No. 202 Squadron was reformed on 1 September 1964 by the renumbering of No. 228 Squadron RAF at RAF Leconfield. The squadron began operating in its search and rescue role using the Westland Whirlwind HAR.10 helicopter with flights at RAF Acklington, RAF Ouston, RAF Coltishall and RAF Leuchars. The squadron moved to RAF Finningley during September 1976 with flights at RAF Boulmer, RAF Leconfield, RAF Coltishall, RAF Lossiemouth and RAF Brawdy. The squadron re-equipped with Westland Sea King HAR.3s from July 1978 (operating the Westland Wessex HAR.2 as an intermediate type while its Sea Kings were sent to the Falklands War), moving its HQ to RAF Boulmer on the closure of Finningley in 1989, and then to RAF Valley during April 2008 where the HQ is co-located with the SAR Force HQ and HQ 22 Squadron.
The primary role of RAF search and rescue is the recovery of downed military aviators, but in peacetime, its aircraft are available all year round for use in civilian distress incidents. Since 1973, over 95% of the rescues carried out by 202 Squadron have been civilian incidents. The rescues carried out over the years by 202 Squadron have included a wide variety of incidents involving rescuing casualties from aircraft, fishing trawlers, ferries, oil rigs, mountainous terrain, cliffs and the waters surrounding Scotland, an example being the 1988 accident on the oil rig Piper Alpha.
The squadron usually had two aircraft at each of its detached flight locations:
- HQ - RAF Valley
- 'A' Flight - RAF Boulmer (ceased October 2015)
- 'D' Flight - RAF Lossiemouth (ceased April 2015)
- 'E' Flight - RAF Leconfield (ceased March 2015)
The squadron maintained a 15-minutes readiness state during daylight hours and a 45-minutes readiness state during the hours of darkness. The Search and Rescue fleet of Sea Kings were fitted with a video/infrared detection pod, which is similar to the equipment used by police helicopters, to help search for casualties.
In 2006 the Labour government announced its intentions to privatise the search and rescue (SAR) helicopter service in the UK. A ten-year contract worth £1.6 billon was signed in March 2013 with Bristow Helicopters who would run the service from 2015 with new AgustaWestland AW189 and Sikorsky S-92 helicopters. SAR helicopter operations ceased in staged handovers from March through September 2015.
No. 202 Squadron was reformed in May 2016 as the maritime and mountains training element of the Defence Helicopter Flying School based at RAF Valley in Anglesey and operating the Griffin helicopter. After a brief pause in operations in January 2018, 202 Squadron was again reformed in March 2018 as the ‘maritime and mountains’ training Squadron of the Defence Helicopter Flying School(a UK MFTS venture) and re-equipped with the Jupiter HT1 (a bespoke variant of the Airbus H145).
- Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2
- Avro 504
- Bristol Scout
- Nieuport 17
- Sopwith Pup
- Sopwith 1½ Strutter
- Farman F.40
- Short 184
- Airco DH.4
- Airco DH.9
- Fairey IIId
- Fairey IIIf
- Supermarine Scapa
- Saro London
- Consolidated Catalina
- Fairey Swordfish
- Short Sunderland
- Handley Page Halifax
- Handley Page Hastings
- Westland Whirlwind
- Westland Sea King
- Westland Wessex
- Bell 412 Griffin
- AgustaWestland AW139
Airbus H145 ‘Jupiter’
- Jefford 2001, p. 70.
- Rawlings 1982, pp. 130-131.
- Halley 1988, p. 261.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 13.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 99.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 18.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 97.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, pp. 118-119.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 126.
- "RAF Valley based Search & Rescue Training Unit becomes 202 (Reserve) Sqn". Royal Air Force. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "202 Squadron". Royal Air Force. 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Lewis 1959, p. 69.
- "202 Squadron History". 202squadron.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2008.
- Jackson 1989, pp.48-49.
- Barrass, M. B. (2015). "No. 201–205 Squadron Histories". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Search & Rescue Organisations Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Sea Kings Depart RAF Boulmer". Royal Air Force. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Foote, Chris (7 April 2015). "Last RAF Sea King helicopter leaves Lossiemouth as Bristow takes over". STV News. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Cotter 2008, p. 34.
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Cotter, Jarrod (2008). Royal Air Force celebrating 90 years. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-946219-11-7.
- Halley, James J. Famous Maritime Squadrons of the RAF, Volume 1. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Hylton Lacy Publishers Ltd., 1973. ISBN 0-85064-101-2.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jackson, Paul. "The Hastings...Last of a Transport Line". Air Enthusiast. Issue Forty, September–December 1989. Bromley, Kent: Tri-Service Press. pp. 1–7, 47—52.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Lewis, Peter. Squadron Histories: R.F.C, R.N.A.S and R.A.F. 1912-59. London: Putnam, 1959.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 202 Squadron RAF.|
- RAF - 202 Squadron
- The 202 Squadron Association Website
- History of No.'s 201–205 Squadrons at RafWeb's Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
- Aircraft and markings for No. 202 Squadron
- "Search and Rescue team break scramble record". Ministry of Defence. 25 September 2007. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.