Nizam-e-Islam Party

Nizam-e-Islam is a political party in Bangladesh which was created in East Pakistan.[2] It was one of the four political parties of The United Front or Juktofront.[3]

Nizam-e-Islam Party
PresidentMufti Izharul Islam[1]
International affiliationMuslim League


The party was formed in 1954, Jamaat-i-ulema-e-Islam Pakistan. It was a member of the United Front. In 1966 it asked its party ministers to resign from the government.[4] The party lost all the seats it contested in the 1970 National elections of Pakistan.[5]

Bangladesh Liberation warEdit

The party sided with Pakistan Army in the Bangladesh Liberation war. Its leaders like Maulvi Farid Ahmad supported the Pakistan army and their paramilitary forces.[6] The party was in the Peace Committees of East Pakistan, and provided intelligence to Pakistan Army.[7] Maulvi Farid Ahmad, the head of the party, was killed after the war by members of the Mukti Bahini.[8]

Bangladesh periodEdit

The government of Bangladesh banned all religion based parties, including Nizam-e-Islam, after its independence.[9][10] The party along with other Islamist parties were reorganized in 1978 under president Ziaur Rahman. It became part of the Islami Okiya Jote alliance composed of six parties.[5][11]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Riaz, Ali; Kh. Ali Ar Raji (2010). Ali Riaz, C. Christine Fair (ed.). Political Islam and governance in Bangladesh (1st ed.). Routledge. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-415-57673-4.
  3. ^ Ahmed, Kamal Uddin (2012). "United Front". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Ahlstrand, Kajsa; Gunner, G_ran (2011-10-15). Non-Muslims in Muslim Majority Societies: With Focus on the Middle East and Pakistan. The Lutterworth Press. p. 143. ISBN 9780718843014.
  5. ^ a b Riaz, Ali; Fair, Assistant Professor of Security Studies C. Christine; Fair, C. Christine (2010-10-04). Political Islam and Governance in Bangladesh. Routledge. p. 55. ISBN 9781136926242.
  6. ^ "Partners in the genocide". The Daily Star. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  7. ^ Haqqani, Husain (2010-03-10). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Carnegie Endowment. p. 77. ISBN 9780870032851.
  8. ^ "How the East was lost". DAWN.COM. 2011-12-18. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  9. ^ Islamic Studies. Islamic Research Institute. 1981-01-01. p. 171.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh court bans religion in politics: law minister - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  11. ^ Bennett, Clinton; Ramsey, Charles M. (2012-03-01). South Asian Sufis: Devotion, Deviation, and Destiny. A&C Black. ISBN 9781441135896.