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Nixon is a city, self-described as a “compact neighborhood,”[3] in Gonzales and Wilson counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,385 at the 2010 census.[4] Nixon is located at 29°16′14″N 97°45′45″W / 29.27056°N 97.76250°W / 29.27056; -97.76250 (29.270443, -97.762423),[5] primarily within Gonzales County. The city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all land.[6]

Nixon, Texas
Location of Nixon, Texas
Location of Nixon, Texas
Gonzales County Nixon.svg
Coordinates: 29°16′14″N 97°45′45″W / 29.27056°N 97.76250°W / 29.27056; -97.76250Coordinates: 29°16′14″N 97°45′45″W / 29.27056°N 97.76250°W / 29.27056; -97.76250
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesGonzales, Wilson
Area
 • Total1.57 sq mi (4.06 km2)
 • Land1.56 sq mi (4.05 km2)
 • Water0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
390 ft (119 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,385
 • Density1,526/sq mi (589.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78140
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-51588[1]
GNIS feature ID1363917[2]

The Wilson County portion of Nixon is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is served by the Nixon-Smiley Consolidated Independent School District.

Nixon was founded in 1906 as Nixonville, when the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway built its lines through the John T. Nixon Ranch.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19201,124
19301,037−7.7%
19401,83577.0%
19501,8752.2%
19601,751−6.6%
19701,9259.9%
19802,0084.3%
19901,995−0.6%
20002,1869.6%
20102,3859.1%
Est. 20162,495[7]4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,186 people, 686 households, and 506 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,928.1 people per square mile (746.9/km²). There were 803 housing units at an average density of 708.3 per square mile (274.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.99% White, 2.84% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 24.15% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.57% of the population.

There were 686 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.53.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,104, and the median income for a family was $25,139. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $15,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,135. About 22.3% of families and 27.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 25.0% of those age 65 or over.

HistoryEdit

The history of Nixon is defined by the dissolution and struggle of some of its major institutions.

Nixon NewsEdit

In the early 20th-century, Nixon had a local newspaper titled Nixon News. It was forced to cease publication in the September of 1921. The editor cited reasons ranging from a lack of advertisement in the paper, lack of support from local businesses and apathy from the general community. The Daily Advocate newspaper of Victoria, Texas, during this period, suggested that the downscaling of another significant Texan paper was a related trend.[9]

Texas Sheltered CareEdit

In 2007, a former private facility in Nixon, "Texas Sheltered Care", that held children caught illegally crossing the US-Mexico border, was ordered closed due to allegations of sexual abuse. It operated under contract of the federal government's Department of Health and Human Services. Its 72 residents were sent to other shelters outside of Nixon, due to a lack of confidence of being able to reopen in the city. Immigration lawyers were forced to abandon their Nixon practices that served the detainees in the facility.[10] The FBI and local authorities investigated the alleged incidents, with an accused staff member fired.[11] The accused was later criminally charged and sentenced to prison.[12]

Nixon intersectionEdit

Since approximately 2015, the Nixon intersection of U.S. Highway 87 and Texas State Highway 80 has been marked by the Texas Department of Transportation having to hire and replace multiple contractors, after continual delay to install traffic signals over three-and-a-half years; an installation that would normally be a "routine upgrade." The Nixon City Manager hypothesized the delays began with a first contractor "not working in a timely manner." After a first contractor, time was consumed by an initial six-month delay, another set of construction bids and years of replacement of prior work.[13]

CrimeEdit

In 2013, Kenneth Johnson of Nixon confessed to sexually assaulting two girls, ages 13 and 14, after a witness told Nixon police he saw Johnson rape an intoxicated teenager at a Nixon residence.[14]

In 2018, 15-foot long bleachers were stolen from the Nixon Little League baseball field; they were taken by truck in an act lasting 3 minutes.[15]

In 2019, Nixon experienced significant acts of burglary and car theft,[16] as well as issues of drugs and child-abuse being described as “most distinguishable.”[17]

Notable peopleEdit

Manuel ZepedaEdit

In 2018, former Nixon city manager and local substitute teacher, Manuel Zepeda, was charged with 11 sexual felonies against children.[18]

Auvye TrammelEdit

In 2011, former Nixon Councilman Auvye Trammel, having once served 21 years on the city council through two terms,[19] was sentenced to 18 months in federal prison for connections with drug trafficking marijuana from Mexico; Trammel had posted bail for a known trafficker. He had also been prior charged for a chase involving the trafficker.[20]

The then-current Nixon police chief was fired during the trafficking investigation just prior to Trammel’s arrest; the former chief cites reasons of retaliation for investigating the then-councilman, while the city claims he failed to meet occupational standards.[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ A compact neighborhood of around 2,385 people, the people and council of Nixon...
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Boundary Map of Nixon, Texas". MapTechnica. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ NIXON NEWS IS FORCED TO QUIT ITS PUBLICATION We have on our desk the final copy of the Nixon News, edited and owned by Riley Webb at Nixon, Texas. Editor Webb gives as his reason for suspending publication "the lack of advertising and support from the business men and the indifference shown toward the paper by the citizenship as a whole." Within the last few days we have also learned of the changing of one of the larger daily newspapers of the State, published in what is considered one of the best towns in the state, to a weekly publication. More than likely the same reasons prompted the owner of the big daily as prompted Riley Webb of the News...
  10. ^ Immigrant youth shelter ordered closed
  11. ^ Children removed from immigrant shelter
  12. ^ UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION...“The Nixon facility is owned and operated by Defendant Away From Home, Inc. doing business as Southwest Initiative Inc., a for-profit corporation also doing business as ‘Texas Sheltered Care.’”...
  13. ^ After years of delays, the traffic signal at the intersection of U.S. Highway 87 and State Highway 80 in Nixon is finally live and operational. What should have been a routine two-step upgrade, ended up taking around three and a half years to complete and featured multiple contractors...
  14. ^ Nixon man confesses to sexually assaulting two teen girls
  15. ^ Bleachers stolen from Nixon Little League
  16. ^ ...the recent burglary and car thefts in the city...
  17. ^ ...Among the crime-related issues facing Nixon, drugs and child abuse are distinguishable above all else...
  18. ^ Medina, Mariah (2018-06-12). "Former Nixon city manager indicted on 11 child sex crimes". KSAT. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  19. ^ Nixon alderman arrested on federal drug trafficking charge
  20. ^ Nixon's Trammell sentenced to 18 months in federal prison
  21. ^ Candidate for Bexar County sheriff defends firing from Nixon PD 7 years ago

External linksEdit