Nityanand Kanungo was one of India's prominent politicians from the state of Odisha, who held successive high-profile portfolios in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet.
|6th Governor of Bihar|
7 December 1967 – 20 January 1971
|Chief Minister||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha|
Satish Prasad Singh
B. P. Mandal
Bhola Paswan Shastri
Daroga Prasad Rai
|Preceded by||M. A. S. Ayyangar|
|Succeeded by||U.N. Sinha (Acting)|
|2nd Governor of Gujarat|
1 August 1965 – 6 December 1967
|Chief Minister||Balwantrai Mehta|
Hitendra Kanaiyalal Desai
|Preceded by||Mehdi Nawaz Jung|
|Succeeded by||P. N. Bhagwati (Acting)|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Succeeded by||Surendranath Dwivedy|
|Succeeded by||Srinibas Mishra|
|3rd Minister of Industry|
|Prime Minister||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Minister of Commerce, Govt of India|
|Born||4 May 1900|
Cuttack, British India
|Died||2 August 1988(aged 88)|
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
Nityanand Kanungo was born in Cuttack on 4 May 1900 and was educated at Ravenshaw College and University College (Calcutta). He was a member of the Indian National Congress and served as a member of the Orissa Legislative Assembly from 1937 to 1939 and again from 1946 to 1952.
When Orissa was granted provincial autonomy as per the Government of India Act 1935, Kanungo served as the Minister for Revenue and Public Works Departments in the cabinet of Biswanath Das from 1937 to 1939. He was again appointed a Minister in 1946 and served till 1952, looking after the Home, Law, Industries and Agriculture portfolios.
In 1952, Kanungo was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Kendrapara constituency. In September, 1954 he was appointed Union Deputy Minister of Commerce and Industry. From August 1955 in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet; he was Union Minister of Industries, and in June 1956 was designated Union Minister of Consumer Industries. In 1957, he was again returned to the Lok Sabha and was appointed Union Minister of Commerce. Kanungo was a member of the Indian Delegation to the International Labour Conference in San Francisco (1948) and was the Leader of the Delegation to the Conference of the International Rice Commission held in Jakarta in 1952.
In the 1962 Indian general election, Kanungo was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Cuttack constituency. He was Union Minister for Commerce and Industries, in the Nehru cabinet, and after the bifurcation of that portfolio, Union Minister, in turn, for Commerce and later for Industry. He finished up as Union Minister for Civil Aviation.
- "Past Governors Nityanand Kanungo". Raj Bhavan Gujarat. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury (1971). C. F. Andrews: His Life and Times. Somaiya Publications. p. 154. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- A. B. Kohli (1992). Ministries and ministers, a directory. Reliance Pub. House. p. 40. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- Meera Srivastava (1980). Constitutional Crisis in the States in India. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 92–. GGKEY:0BS5QYU7XF2. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- J. Paxton (28 December 2016). The Statesman's Year-Book 1971-72: The Businessman's Encyclopaedia of all nations. Springer. pp. 357–. ISBN 978-0-230-27100-5.