Nissan Island Airport (IATA: IIS, ICAO: AYIA) is an airfield serving Nissan Island, in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea.[1] It resides at an elevation of 100 feet (30 m) above mean sea level and has a 1,200-metre (3,937 ft) runway designated 14/32.[1]

Nissan Island Airport
LocationNissan Island, Papua New Guinea
Elevation AMSL100 ft / 30 m
Coordinates4°30′00″S 154°13′35.76″E / 4.50000°S 154.2266000°E / -4.50000; 154.2266000
Nissan is located in Papua New Guinea
Location of airport in Papua New Guinea
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 1,200 3,937
Source: PNG Airstrip Guide[1]

History edit

World War II edit

Lagoon Airfield
Ocean Airfield
Nissan Island
Coordinates04°30′10.8″S 154°13′30″E / 4.503000°S 154.22500°E / -4.503000; 154.22500
TypeMilitary Airfield
Site information
Controlled byRoyal New Zealand Air Force
United States Marine Corps
Site history
Built bySeebees
In use1944-5
Battles/warsBougainville Campaign
Operation Cartwheel

The New Zealand 3rd Division landed on Nissan Island on 15 February 1944 as part of the Solomon Islands campaign. U.S. Navy Seebees from the 33rd, 37th and 93rd Naval Construction Battalions[2] landed with the New Zealanders and began building support facilities. Work on a fighter airstrip began on 20 February and by 5 March a coral-surfaced 5,000 feet (1,500 m) by 150 feet (46 m) fighter runway known as Lagoon Airfield was ready for use and aircraft carried out the first attack on Kavieng. In late March a parallel 6,000 feet (1,800 m) by 150 feet (46 m) bomber runway known as Ocean Airfield was ready for use, it was later lengthened to 7,300 feet (2,200 m). Additional airfield facilities such as road and taxiways and a tank farm were also constructed. Construction had been extremely difficult with dense foliage and large trees needing to be removed, rock blasting was necessary, and all coral used for filling had to be quarried at distant locations.[3] Today's air port exists on the site of the "Ocean airfield".

US Navy units based at Nissan Island included:

F4U-1A Corsair of VF-17 on Green Island in 1944

USMC units based at Nissan Island included:

Royal New Zealand Air Force units based at Nissan Island included:

An F4U of 16 Squadron being serviced in December 1944
RNZAF Venturas in December 1944

In late 1944 airfield roll-up activities were commenced and were completed by August 1945.[3]: 276 

Postwar edit

Lagoon Airfield was abandoned after the war, while Ocean Airfield remained in use as a civilian airfield.

Airlines and destinations edit

No known scheduled services.

References edit

  1. ^ a b c PNG Airstrip Guide. August 2005.
  2. ^ 33rd NCB cruise book, 1946, Seabee Museum Arvhives, Port Hueneme, ca.
  3. ^ a b Building the Navy's Bases in World War II History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps 1940-1946. US Government Printing Office. 1947. p. 274.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Ross, John (1993) [1955]. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45. Nashville: Battery Press. ISBN 0898391873.

External links edit