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The nightingale reed warbler (Acrocephalus luscinius), or Guam reed warbler, is an extinct song bird endemic to Guam. It has not been reported since the late 1960s and is now considered extinct.

Nightingale reed warbler
Acrocephalus luscinius.jpg
Nightingale Reed-warbler
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Acrocephalidae
Genus: Acrocephalus
Species:
A. luscinius
Binomial name
Acrocephalus luscinius
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1832)
Synonyms
  • Thryothorus luscinius
  • Acrocephalus luscinia

Contents

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

The nightingale reed warbler was described by the French zoologists Jean Quoy and Joseph Gaimard in 1832 from a specimen collected on the island of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean. They coined the binomial name, Thryothorus luscinius.[2][a] Until 2011, the Pagan reed warbler, Aguiguan reed warbler, and Saipan reed warbler were considered as subspecies of the nightingale reed warbler until split by the IOC.[4]

ThreatsEdit

The nightingale reed warbler was driven to extinction by several introduced species. These included the brown tree snake which has also decimated the populations of several other bird species on Guam. Other introduced predators included rats, cats and feral ungulates such as goats or sheep.[5] An introduced plant, ivy gourd, destroyed the canopy of the trees nightingale reed warblers built their nests in. Wetland destruction, fires and pesticides, as well as intensive land use for agriculture or building further reduced the available habitat.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although the ornithological part of the Voyage de la corvette l'Astrolabe has 1830 on the title page it was not published until 1832.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Acrocephalus luscinius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Quoy, Jean; Gaimard, Joseph Paul (1830). Dumont d'Urville, Jules (ed.). Voyage de la corvette l'Astrolabe : exécuté par ordre du roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829: Zoologie (in French). Volume 1. Paris: J. Tastu. pp. 202–203.
  3. ^ Mlíkovský, Jiří (2012). "The dating of the ornithological part of Quoy and Gaimard's "Voyage de l'Astrolabe"". Zoological Bibliography. 2 (2&3): 59–69.
  4. ^ "Species Version 2 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  5. ^ Rounds, Rachel; Radley, Paul. "Nightingale Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus luscinia)". Web Page of Pacific Bird Conservation, Hawaii. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Acrocephalus luscinius". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-3. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2013. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-2.RLTS.T22714770A48028066.en. Retrieved 22 September 2015.