Night Nurse (1931 film)

Night Nurse is a 1931 American pre-Code crime drama mystery film produced and distributed by Warner Bros. directed by William A. Wellman, and starring Barbara Stanwyck, Ben Lyon, Joan Blondell and Clark Gable. The film is based on the 1930 novel of the same name by Dora Macy, the pen name of Grace Perkins (later Mrs. Fulton Oursler).[1] The film was considered risqué at the time of its release, particularly the scenes where Stanwyck and Blondell are shown in their lingerie. Clark Gable portrays a viciously violent chauffeur who is gradually starving two little girls to death after having already purposely run over their slightly older sister with a limousine and killed her.

Night Nurse
Night Nurse 1931 Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byWilliam A. Wellman
Screenplay by
Based onNight Nurse
1930 novel
by Dora Macy
Starring
CinematographyBarney McGill
Edited byEdward M. McDermott
Music byLeo F. Forbstein
Production
company
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • August 8, 1931 (1931-08-08) (US)
Running time
72 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

PlotEdit

Lora Hart applies for a job as a nurse trainee but is rejected when the hospital's superintendent of nurses, Miss Dillon, learns she does not have a high school diploma. After a chance encounter with the hospital's chief of staff, Dr. Arthur Bell, Hart charms him and he persuades Dillon to hire her.

Lora and Miss Maloney, a fellow nurse, become roommates and best friends. After they violate curfew, Miss Dillon assigns them night duty in the emergency room. When Lora treats a bootlegger named Mortie for a gunshot wound, he persuades her to not report the wound to the police as required by law. He makes romantic gestures to Lora but she resists them at first.

After she passes her training, Lora is hired as a private nurse for two sick children, Desney and Nanny Ritchey. She moves into the Ritchey mansion, site of frequent parties. Mrs. Ritchey, the children's socialite mother, lives in an alcoholic stupor and is infatuated with her brutish chauffeur Nick. When a drunken guest tries to molest Lora, Nick knocks him out. After Mrs. Ritchey gets soused, Nick demands that Lora pump her stomach; when she refuses, he knocks her unconscious with a telephone receiver.

The Ritchey family physician is "society doctor" and drug addict Milton Ranger. Lora is alarmed by Dr. Ranger's treatment of the children after she sees that they are slowly starving to death. When she is unable to persuade anyone to take her seriously, she quits and tells Dr. Bell of her suspicions. At first he is reluctant to interfere with another doctor's patients, but eventually he advises her to return to her job to gather evidence of the children's mistreatment.

Nanny becomes so weak that Lora fears she will die. Lora is unable to get Mrs. Ritchey to show any concern. When Mortie delivers liquor to the perpetual party at the mansion, Lora sends him to get milk. He steals some from a Jewish grocer to allow Lora to give Nanny a milk bath, a folk remedy recommended by Mrs. Maxwell, the frightened housekeeper.

Maxwell gets drunk and confides her suspicions to Lora. Nanny and Desney have a trust fund from their late father. Nick killed their sister with his car; with Dr. Ranger's help, he is deliberately starving the girls to death. When they die, the trust fund will pass to Mrs. Ritchey and Nick will marry her for the money.

After being threatened by Mortie, Dr. Bell arrives at the mansion to examine Nanny. When he tries to take her to the hospital, Nick knocks him out. Mortie stops Nick from interfering further and Nanny's life is saved when Lora gives her a blood transfusion.

The next day, Mortie gives Lora a lift in his car. When they pass several police cars, Mortie tells Lora that Nick will not be arrested because he told his criminal associates of his dislike for him. An ambulance delivers a corpse dressed in a chauffeur's uniform to the hospital's morgue.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

According to Robert Osborne, on Turner Classic Movies, the part of "Nick the Chauffeur" was originally intended for James Cagney, but his success in The Public Enemy prevented his accepting a supporting role, paving the way for Gable.[2]

ReceptionEdit

In July 1931, Time magazine highly praised the film and mentioned that it was well photographed, directed and acted and that the quality of the filmed story surpassed that in the original novel.[3] The New York Times called it exciting "at times."[4]

According to Variety, "Night Nurse is a conglomeration of exaggerations, often bordering on serial dramatics...What legitimate performances crop up in the footage seem to belong to Joan Blondell and Charlie Winninger as the hospital head. Stanwyck plays her dancehall type of a girl on one note throughout and is shy of shading to lend her performance some color."[5]

In a 21st-century review, Eric Allen Hatch, writing for the Baltimore City Paper, said "watching [Stanwyck, Blondell, and Gable] in very early roles holds much of the appeal here, although the plot still works; a modern viewing of the film yields half high-camp value and half successful drama. Wellman would later strike gold with such films as Beau Geste (1939), but his salacious Night Nurse and hyperviolent Public Enemy were often cited in the creation of Hollywood's self-censoring Production Code. As a result of that code, this film boasts a much higher undressing-nurse-to-running-time ratio."[6]

Preservation statusEdit

A print is held by the Library of Congress, in the collection since the 1970s.[7]

Home mediaEdit

The film has been released on videotape and DVD.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Macy, Dora - Night Nurse". Literature, Arts, and Medicine Database. New York University. February 25, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2014. Dora Macy is a pen name for Grace Perkins. The novel was made into a film, also called Night Nurse, in 1931 by William A. Wellman, with Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Blondell, and Clark Gable.
  2. ^ "Night Nurse". Original Print Information. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  3. ^ "Cinema: The New Pictures: Jul. 27, 1931" Time
  4. ^ "Life in the Medical World". The Screen. The New York Times. July 17, 1931. Retrieved January 5, 2014. [L]ast night's audience seemed to like parts of Night Nurse. At times it is exciting.
  5. ^ "Review: Night Nurse". Variety. 1930. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  6. ^ Hatch, Eric Allen (August 21, 2002). "Night Nurse". Baltimore City Paper. Archived from the original on July 29, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  7. ^ Catalog of Holdings The American Film Institute Collection and The United Artists Collection at The Library of Congress, (<-book title) p.127 c.1978 by The American Film Institute

External linksEdit