Nigali Sagar is an archaeological site in Nepal containing the remains of a pillar of Ashoka. The pillar is called the Nigali Sagar pillar, or also the Nighihawa pillar, or Nigliva pillar, or Araurakot Asoka Pillar. The site is located about 20 kilometers northwest of Lumbini and 7 kilometers northeast of Taulihawa, Nepal.
|Nigali Sagar pillar of Ashoka|
The Nigali Sagar pillar, one of the pillars of Ashoka.
|Period/culture||3rd century BCE|
|Present location||Nigalihawa, Nepal.|
It is said that in this place the Kanakamuni Buddha, one of the Buddhas of the past, was born. The Asoka inscription engraved on the pillar in Brahmi script and Pali language attests the fact that Emperor Asoka enlarged the Kanakamuni Buddha's stupa, worshiped it and erected a stone pillar for Kanakamuni Buddha on the occasion of the twentieth year of his coronation.
The Nigali Sagar EdictEdit
The inscription, made when Emperor Asoka visited the site in 249 BCE and erected the pillar, reads:
Brahmi script and Pali language:
Devanam piyena piyadasin lajina- chodasavasa bhisitena
Budhasa Konakamanasa thube-dutyam vadhite
Visativa sabhisitena –cha atana-agacha-mahiyite
silathabe-cha usa papite
“His Majesty King Priyadarsin in the 14th year of his reign enlarged for the second time the stupa of the Buddha Kanakamuni and in the 20th year of his reign, having come in person, paid reverence and set up a stone pillar”.
Accounts of the pillarEdit
The Chinese pilgrims Fa-Hien and Hiuen-Tsang describe the Kanakamuni Stupa and the Asoka Pillar in their travel accounts. Hiuen Tsang speaks of a lion capital atop the pillar, now lost.
13th century inscription by King Ripu Malla.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ashoka Pillar, Nigali Sagar.|
- Lumbini development trust report
- Political Violence in Ancient India by Upinder Singh p.46
- Basanta Bidari - 2004 Kapilavastu: the world of Siddhartha - Page 87
- Inscriptions of Asoka. New Edition by E. Hultzsch (in Sanskrit). 1925. p. 165.
- Amaravati: The Art of an early Buddhist Monument in context. p.23