Nieuwpoort, Belgium

Nieuwpoort (/ˈnjpɔːrt/ NEW-port,[2] Dutch: [ˈniupoːrt] (listen); West Flemish: Nieuwpôort; French: Nieuport [njøpɔʁ]) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Nieuwpoort proper and the towns of Ramskapelle and Sint-Joris. On 1 January 2008 Nieuwpoort had a total population of 11,062. The total area is 31.00 km² which gives a population density of 350 inhabitants per km². The current mayor of Nieuwpoort is Geert Vanden Broucke (CD&V)

Nieuwpoort
Nieuwpôort  (West Flemish)
Nieuport  (French)
Belfry and city hall
Belfry and city hall
Flag of Nieuwpoort
Coat of arms of Nieuwpoort
Nieuwpoort is located in Belgium
Nieuwpoort
Nieuwpoort
Location in Belgium
Location of Nieuwpoort in West Flanders
Nieuwpoort West-Flanders Belgium Map.svg
Coordinates: 51°07′N 02°45′E / 51.117°N 2.750°E / 51.117; 2.750Coordinates: 51°07′N 02°45′E / 51.117°N 2.750°E / 51.117; 2.750
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
RegionFlemish Region
ProvinceWest Flanders
ArrondissementVeurne
Government
 • MayorGeert Vanden Broucke (CD&V)
 • Governing party/iesCD&V
Area
 • Total31.00 km2 (11.97 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total11,565
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Postal codes
8620
Area codes058
Websitewww.nieuwpoort.be

In Nieuwpoort, the Yser flows into the North Sea. It is also the home of a statue created by Jan Fabre called Searching for Utopia. The Stadshalle Grain Hall (market hall) with its belfry was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999 as part of the Belfries of Belgium and France site, owing to its historical civic (not religious) importance and its architecture.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Nieuwpoort on the Ferraris map (around 1775)

It obtained city rights in 1163 from Count Philip of Flanders.

The Battle of Nieuwpoort, between the Dutch and the Spanish, happened here in 1600. The city was a Dunkirker base.

Painter Victor Boucquet made two of the altar-pieces for the great church in the 17th century.

The city was occupied by French forces for six years between 1757 and 1763, as part of the conditions of the Second Treaty of Versailles between France and Austria.

A large waterworks infrastructure project called the Ganzepoot (goose foot, in Dutch) was constructed in Nieuwpoort in the 19th century to drain the polders and channel water in and around the town and to the North Sea.

 
Destruction caused to the city of Nieuport in November 1917

During the Battle of the Yser, part of the First Battle of Ypres in World War I, Hendrik Geeraert opened the sluice gates on the mouth of the river Yser twice to flood the lower lying land, thus halting the German advance. Two World War I monuments, the Nieuport Memorial and King Albert I Memorial, are in close proximity of the Ganzepoot.

TownsEdit

The old city centre of Nieuwpoort is located about three kilometers from the coast. Close to the sea, a new tourist centre has developed. Both parts form one contiguous built up area, connected by buildings along the Albert I Laan street and the fishing port. Besides Nieuwpoort proper, two small villages in the Flemish polders are part of the municipality, Sint-Joris and Ramskapelle.

# Name Area Population
1999
I Nieuwpoort 10,18 9.437
II Sint-Joris 5,54 259
III Ramskapelle 15,28 555

Nieuwpoort is located by the sea. At the coastal line, it borders the municipalities Koksijde at its town Oostduinkerke and Middelkerke at its town Lombardsijde. Because the territory of the town of Ramskapelle expands far inland, Nieuwpoort has a large number of neighbouring towns, most of which are part of 2 large municipalities:

In literatureEdit

Part of the plot in Cecelia Holland's historical novel The Sea Beggars is laid in Nieuwpoort, in the preliminary states of the Eighty Years' War - with the sailor protagonists feeling oppressed under the harsh Spanish rule and eventually joining the rebellious Watergeuzen.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Nieuwpoort". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Belfries of Belgium and France". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 5 November 2021.

External linksEdit