Nicomachus of Thebes
Nicomachus of Thebes (Greek: Νικόμαχος; fl. 4th century BC) was an ancient Greek painter, a native of Thebes, and a contemporary of the great painters of the Classical period. He trained under his father Aristiacus, also a painter.
Pliny gives a list of his works; among them a Rape of Proserpina, Victory in a Quadriga, Apollo and Diana, and Cybele seated on a Lion. Many of his works were taken to Rome. Pliny tells us that he was a very rapid worker and claims that he was one of the painters who used only four colors. Plutarch mentions his paintings as possessing the Homeric merit of ease and absence of effort. Cicero equally praises his works. Vitruvius observes that if his fame was less than his contemporaries, it was the fault of fortune rather than a lack of talent.
List of worksEdit
- Rape of Proserpina (located in the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, in the cella of Minerva)
- Victory in a Quadriga (located in the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus)
- Apollo and Diana
- Cybele seated on a Lion
- Bacchantes and Satyrs
- Scylla (located in the Temple of Peace, Rome)
- Monument to Telestis (originally in Sicyon)
- Pliny. Natural History, XXXV.108.
- Cicero, Brutus, 70.
- Plutarch, Timoleon, 36.
- Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, p. 468.
- Marcus Tullius Cicero, Brutus.
- Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder), Historia Naturalis (Natural History).
- Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Plutarch), Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nicomachus (painter)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 664.
- Michael Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge University Press (1974, 2001).
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