Nicolas Henri, Duke of Orléans
The Duke of Orléans (April 16, 1607 – November 17, 1611) was the second son and fourth child of Henry IV of France and his Italian queen Marie de' Medici. Although he is commonly given the first name Nicolas or Nicolas Henri, he was never solemnly baptized and so never had a Christian name.
|Duke of Orleans|
A ca. 1610 sketch of the Duke of Orléans.
|Born||16 April 1607|
|Died||17 November 1611(aged 4)|
|Burial||25 November 1611|
|Father||Henry IV of France|
|Mother||Marie de' Medici|
The prince was born at the Palace of Fontainebleau on 16 April 1607 and died on 17 November 1611 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. He was known as Monsieur d'Orléans or the Prince sans nom (prince without name), as it was customary in the royal house of France to name the children only at the time of their baptism.
His youngest brother, Gaston de France, titled at birth as Duke of Anjou as was customary for the third son, was born in 1608. At a very young age, he had been engaged to Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier, heiress of the House of Bourbon-Montpensier. Marie was the greatest heiress of the age and was the future mother of la Grande Mademoiselle.
The Duke of Orléans died at the age of four as a result of an epileptic attack. The title of Duke of Orléans reverted to the crown and was later given to his younger brother Gaston who outlived him for another four decades. His brother would also marry Marie in 1626.
He was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, outside Paris.
|Ancestors of Nicolas Henri of France|
- Anselme 1726, pp. 143–144.
- Leonie Frieda (14 March 2006). Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. HarperCollins. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-06-074493-9. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 328–329.
- Anselme 1726, p. 211.
- "The Medici Granducal Archive and the Medici Archive Project" (PDF). p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2006.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 290 – via Wikisource.
- Kurth, Godefroid (1911). . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 151 – via Wikisource.
- Jiménez, Consuelo Juanto. "Enrique II de Albret". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 210–211.
- Cesati, Franco (1999). Medici. Firenze: La Mandragora. p. 75. ISBN 88-85957-36-6.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Cazacu, Matei (2017). Reinert, Stephen W. (ed.). Dracula. Brill. p. 204.
- Anselme de Sainte-Marie, Père (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.
Nicolas Henri, Duke of OrléansBorn: 16 April 1607 Died: 17 November 1611
Louis, Dauphin of France
| Heir to the Throne
as Heir presumptive
14 May 1610 — 17 November 1611
Gaston, Duke of Orléans
| Duke of Orléans
Gaston, Duke of Orléans