Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân

Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân (born 12 April 1954 in Bến Tre Province) is a Vietnamese politician who served as the first female Chairperson of the National Assembly of Vietnam from 31 March 2016 to 30 March 2021.[1][2][3][4] She was a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in which she ranked second, after General Secretary of the Communist Party Nguyễn Phú Trọng. She previously served as Deputy Chairperson of the National Assembly of Vietnam.[5]

Her Excellency

Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân
Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân.jpeg
Chairwoman of the National Assembly of Vietnam
In office
31 March 2016 – 30 March 2021
Preceded byNguyễn Sinh Hùng
Succeeded byVương Đình Huệ
Deputy Chairwoman of the National Assembly of Vietnam
In office
23 July 2007 – 31 March 2016
ChairmanNguyễn Sinh Hùng
Member of the Politburo
In office
11 May 2013 – 31 January 2021
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs
In office
August 2007 – July 2011
Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Personal details
Born (1954-04-12) 12 April 1954 (age 67)
Giồng Trôm, Bến Tre Province, State of Vietnam (now Vietnam)
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam (1981-present)

Life and careerEdit

Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân was born on 12 April 1954 at commune of Châu Hòa, Giồng Trôm District, Bến Tre Province. She earned a Ph.D. of Financial Management and Credit Management at University of Ho Chi Minh, a Ph.D. of politics and Ph.D. in Vietnamese Law in Ben Tre College. Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân joined the Communist Party of Vietnam on 9 December 1981. Her husband is Lê Trung Dũng[citation needed].

Her mother Nguyễn Thị Sang (died in 2006), commonly known as Má Sáu, is the secret basis of Bến Tre revolution. Prior to 1975, her relatives were active in the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam. Due to her father's escape, she was raised by her mother and educated in the control of the Republic of Vietnam.


In 1973 she went to Saigon to study for the Saigon Literature College, but her studies were interrupted when the North Vietnamese government took control of the entire South.

She also attended the University of Finance program, now known as the Financial Academy.

Political careerEdit

After the unification of Vietnam, Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân was transferred to the Ben Tre Finance Bureau (later named Ben Tre Finance Department) to start her career in finance.

Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân was admitted to the Communist Party of Vietnam on 9 December 1981 and became a full member of the Party a year later.[6]

She graduated from the rank of Deputy Manager, Head of Department, Deputy Director, Acting Director and was officially appointed Director of Ben Tre Finance Department in October 1991. In April 1995, she was sent to the Central Government and was appointed Deputy Minister of Finance.

In February 2006, she was transferred back to Deputy Minister of Finance, but only one month later she was assigned to Standing Deputy Minister of Trade.


  1. ^ "H.E. Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan – Global Summit of Women Speakers of Parliament".
  2. ^ "Vietnam Elects First Chairwoman of Parliament". VOA.
  3. ^ "Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan elected as NA Chairwoman". 31 March 2016.
  4. ^ VNA (2021-03-30). "Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan relieved from chairmanship of NA, National Election Council". VietnamPlus. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  5. ^ Đảng cộng sản Việt Nam, chặng đường qua hai thế kỷ 2006 - Page 705 "NGUYỄN THỊ KIM NGÂN I 12-4-1954 : Xă Châu Hòa, huyện Giông Trôm, tinh Bến Tre Uy viên Ban Chấp hành Trung ương ..."
  6. ^ "Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân: Ủy viên Bộ chính Trị - Chủ tịch Quốc Hội". (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-04-02.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân at Wikimedia Commons