Nguyễn An (Chinese 阮安; 1381 - 1453), known in Chinese as Ruan An (pinyin)[1] or Juan An[2] (Wade-Giles), was a Ming dynasty architect and hydraulics specialist between the first and fifth decades of the 15th century. According to some sources, he was a key architect in designing, planning and constructing of the Forbidden City during the Ming dynasty. Born in Vietnam, he was taken as tribute to China and later became a eunuch and architect in service to the Chinese emperors. He, along with other architects, such as master designers and planners Cai Xin (蔡信), Kuai Xiang (蒯祥), Chen Gui (陳珪), and Wu Zhong (吳中), was a builder[3] of the Forbidden City in Beijing.[4]

Nguyễn An
Chinese name
Chinese阮安
Vietnamese name
VietnameseNguyễn An
Hán-Nôm

Under the reign of the Zhengtong Emperor, Nguyen An also had a role in the reconstruction of the wall of Beijing.[2][5] He was also a hydraulics specialist, and was involved in at least three hydraulic projects and had a flawless record.[6] He died in 1453.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Womack, Brantly (2006). China and Vietnam: The Politics of Asymmetry. Cambridge University Press. p. 182. ISBN 0-521-85320-6.
  2. ^ a b c Frederick W. Mote; Denis Twitchett; John K. Fairbank (1998). The Cambridge History of China. Vol. 7: The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 (part 1). Cambridge University Press. pp. 240–241. ISBN 0-521-24332-7.
  3. ^ Zhu, Jianfei (2004). Chinese Spatial Strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 0-415-31883-1.
  4. ^ "Vatican City and the Forbidden City; St. Peter's Square and Tiananmen Square: A Comparative Analysis. Page 5" (PDF). Asia-Pacific: Perspectives and the University of San Francisco. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-27.
  5. ^ Zhu, Jianfei (2004). Chinese Spatial Strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 0-415-31883-1.
  6. ^ Tsai, Shih-shan Henry (1996). The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. SUNY Press. p. 202. ISBN 0-7914-2687-4.