News Corp UK & Ireland Limited (trading as News UK, formerly News International and NI Group), is a British newspaper publisher, and a wholly owned subsidiary of the American mass media conglomerate News Corp. It is the current publisher of The Times, The Sunday Times and The Sun newspapers; its former publications include the Today, News of the World and The London Paper newspapers. Until June 2002, it was called News International plc. On 31 May 2011, the company name was changed from News International Limited to NI Group Limited, and on 26 June 2013 to News UK.
|Type||Private limited company|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
Rebekah Brooks (CEO)
|Products||Newspapers, Websites and radio broadcasting|
Between 1987 and 1995, News International owned, through its subsidiary News (UK) Ltd, Today, the first UK national newspaper to be printed in colour. All of News International's newspapers (with the exception of The London Paper, launched in 2006) were founded by other owners, in some cases hundreds of years ago.
In October 2005, News International sold TSL Education, publisher of Times Higher Education, Times Educational Supplement, and other education titles, for £235m ($415m). The Times Literary Supplement, previously part of TSL Education, has been retained by News International as part of this deal. Darwin Ltd, which had taken over the company, continued to produce the same product.
Phone hacking allegationsEdit
In July 2009, The Guardian, a newspaper owned by Guardian Media Group, reported that News Group Newspapers paid in excess of £1m to settle legal cases that threatened to reveal News Group journalists' use on repeated occasions of illegal methods in the pursuit of stories. It has been alleged that News Group staff, including Clive Goodman, illegally accessed voicemail for the mobile phones of thousands of public figures, including politicians and celebrities. Goodman was jailed in 2007 for tapping the mobile phones of three members of the royal staff; this is an offence under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act. It was stated by News International at the time that Goodman had acted without its knowledge, and that no other News International journalists made use of such methods.
The evidence uncovered by The Guardian apparently shows that many more figures were in fact the subject of phone-taps, including Nigella Lawson, Lenny Henry, Gwyneth Paltrow, John Prescott, Boris Johnson and Tessa Jowell. In 2008, the News of the World paid in excess of £400,000 in damages to Gordon Taylor, the chief executive of the Professional Footballers' Association, who was suing the newspaper for its involvement in the illegal interception of messages to his mobile phone. According to The Guardian this payment, made in exchange for Taylor's silence, "prevented the public from knowing anything about the hundreds of pages of evidence which had been disclosed in Taylor's case".
In contrast to News International's earlier denials of knowledge, The Guardian cites suppressed evidence revealing that News of the World's editorial staff were involved with private investigators who engaged in illegal phone-hacking, and that both reporters and executives were commissioning purchases of confidential information; this is illegal unless it is shown to be in the public interest. Apparently these activities were well known within the News of the World, being "openly paid for by the accounts department with invoices which itemised illegal acts". The paperwork is alleged to show that the above occurred during the tenure of Andy Coulson, who was chief press advisor to David Cameron, leader of the UK's Conservative Party, until his resignation on 21 January 2011.
On 4 July, The Guardian reported that a private investigator at the News of the World had hacked into the phone of the murdered teenager Amanda Dowler, causing both her parents and police investigating her murder to wrongly believe she was still alive. This occurred during the period that Rebekah Brooks (née Wade) was editor.
On 7 July, British newspaper The Daily Telegraph alleged that the families of dead British service personnel were targeted by private investigators working for the News of the World. This led to The Royal British Legion severing ties with the paper until such allegations are proved false. On the same day, James Murdoch announced the News of the World would be shut down after the publication of one more edition on 10 July 2011, due to the allegations. The newspaper had already been faced with the withdrawal of a number of sponsors which had advertised their products and services in the newspaper, not to mention the inevitable fall in sales that the newspaper would have faced had it remained in circulation.
On 15 July, Rebekah Brooks resigned as chief executive of News International. She commented thus on her departure:
As chief executive of the company, I feel a deep sense of responsibility for the people we have hurt and I want to reiterate how sorry I am for what we now know to have taken place. I have believed that the right and responsible action has been to lead us through the heat of the crisis. However my desire to remain on the bridge has made me a focal point of the debate. This is now detracting attention from all our honest endeavours to fix the problems of the past. Therefore I have given Rupert and James Murdoch my resignation. While it has been a subject of discussion, this time my resignation has been accepted. Rupert's wisdom, kindness and incisive advice has guided me throughout my career and James is an inspirational leader who has shown me great loyalty and friendship. I would like to thank them both for their support.— Rebekah Brooks
Rebekah Brooks £10m payoutEdit
The Guardian newspaper, citing official company accounts, claims Brooks received a £10.8m payoff for leaving News International.
Brooks reappointed as CEOEdit
In September 2015, Brooks was reappointed as CEO of the company, now named News UK.
The company's major titles are published by subsidiary companies, Times Newspapers Ltd and News Group Newspapers. Until 2010, these newspapers were written at a large site in Wapping in east London, near Tower Hill, which earned the nickname "Fortress Wapping" after a fierce dispute with the union to which the workforce had previously belonged. The printing of the papers is now undertaken at plants in Waltham Cross, Knowsley, and Lanarkshire (the latter said by Rupert Murdoch, on the plant's opening in 2007, to be "the largest and fastest print press in the world").
Times Newspapers LtdEdit
Times Newspapers was formed in 1967 when the Thomson Corporation purchased The Times from the Astor family and merged it with The Sunday Times, which it had owned since 1959. The company was purchased by Rupert Murdoch's News International in February 1981. The acquisition followed an intense 21 days of negotiations with the print unions, conducted by John Collier and Bill O'Neill. The Times Literary Supplement, Times Educational Supplement and Times Higher Education Supplement were also part of the group; the latter two publications have since been sold.
An American edition of The Times was launched in New York, Boston and some other East Coast U.S. cities in 2006.
Rupert Murdoch has stated that the law and the independent board prevent him from exercising editorial control. However, an article in The Spectator following the resignation of James Harding stated that the trust has "never played much of a role in the 30 years Murdoch has owned the paper", and suggested that Murdoch had pressurised Harding to resign.
News Group Newspapers LtdEdit
News Group Newspapers Ltd publishes the tabloid newspaper The Sun. The News of the World was another tabloid newspaper owned by the company; however, its closure was announced on 7 July 2011, following new evidence about a phone hacking scandal at the newspaper. The final issue was released on 10 July 2011.
The News of the World was purchased by Murdoch in January 1969. The Sun was acquired in October 1969 from International Publishing Corporation.
Murdoch states that he acts as a "traditional proprietor"; exercising editorial control on major issues such as which political party to back in a general election or policy on Europe.
NI Free Newspapers LimitedEdit
The London Paper was the first newspaper to be launched by News International rather than bought. It was an evening freesheet distributed at bus and rail stations in London. It was published five days a week from September 2006 to September 2009, when it closed down, faced with competition from other free papers.
Wireless Group LimitedEdit
In 2016, News UK acquired Wireless Group Limited, the operator of a number of radio stations across the United Kingdom and Ireland.
News UK TVEdit
In December 2020, Ofcom granted a licence to News UK & Ireland Limited, to operate a new television channel on satellite and cable (not to be confused with Andrew Neil's GB News, which is also another news channel due to launch in 2021). News UK TV was then overseen by David Rhodes, who was previously a Fox News executive and president of CBS News.
Unlike GB News, News UK TV was not expected to take up a slot on Freeview with its nightly programming (expected to be a few hours a night according to Andrew Neil on BBC Radio 4's The Media Show, 12 March 2021) being streamed via a number of platforms.
In late April 2021, News UK CEO Rebekah Brooks announced that plans for the new service had been much reduced as a British equivalent of Fox was considered unviable. Viewers are to be reached via streaming platforms. David Rhodes is to return to the United States in June.
- News International (Advertisements) Limited
- News International Associated Services Limited
- News International Distribution Limited
- News Ireland
- News Printers (Knowsley) Limited
- News Printers (Scotland) Limited
- News International Pension Trustees Limited
- News International Supply Company Limited
- News International Television Investment Company Limited
- News International Television Limited
- NI Syndication Limited
- The Fifth - Influencer Marketing Agency
- The Times Online Style Guide – see entry for News International for change from plc to Ltd
- "Companies House WebCHeck – Company No. 00081701". Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "News International changes name to News UK". BBC News. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- Davies, Nick (8 July 2009). "Murdoch papers paid £1m to gag phone-hacking victims". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
- Davies, Nick (8 July 2009). "Trail of hacking and deceit under nose of Tory PR chief". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
- Wells, Matt (21 January 2011). "Andy Coulson resigns – as it happened". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Murdoch Folds NOTW Over Phone Hacking". Sky News. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Phone hacking resignation: Statements in full". BBC News. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Sabbagh, Dan; O'Carroll, Lisa (12 December 2012). "Rebekah Brooks took £10.8m compensation from News Corp". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Sweney, Mark; Greenslade, Roy (2 September 2015). "Rebekah Brooks' return confirmed..." The Guardian. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Brook, Stephen (30 October 2007). "Murdoch unveils Scottish print operation". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- "Boris Johnson hopes for new Times as he meets Rupert Murdoch". The Guardian. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- The History of The Times, Graham Stewart, HarperCollins, London, 2005.
- "Minute of the meeting with Mr Rupert Murdoch, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, News Corporation". Inquiry into Media Ownership and the News. New York: House of Commons Select Committee on Communications. 17 September 2007. p. 10. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007.
- "Why James Harding had to quit as Times editor". The Spectator. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Final edition of The London Paper, BBC News, 18 September 2009
- "Ofcom | TV Cable and Satellite". static.ofcom.org.uk.
- Waterson, Jim (1 December 2020). "Rupert Murdoch's News UK TV channel given approval to launch". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
- "GB News launch: What is UK news channel and will advertisers support it". Press Gazette. 5 October 2020.
- "Ofcom | TV Cable and Satellite". static.ofcom.org.uk.
- "Rupert Murdoch's 'opinionated' News UK TV channel set to launch next year after Ofcom approval". inews.co.uk. 1 December 2020.
- Smith, Ben (May 1, 2020). "A Onetime Leader of Fox News Returns to the Murdoch Fold". The New York Times.
- Waterson, Jim (27 April 2021). "Rupert Murdoch scales back plan for News UK TV channel". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
- Davis, Jessica (18 March 2019). "News UK launches 8-person influencer marketing agency". Retrieved 18 March 2019.