Newport County, Rhode Island

Newport County is one of five counties located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,888.[1] It is also one of the seven regions of Rhode Island. The county was created in 1703.[2] Like all of the counties in Rhode Island, Newport County no longer has any governmental functions (other than as court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries). All of those functions in Rhode Island are now carried out either by the state government, or by the cities and towns of Rhode Island. Newport County is included in the Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is in turn constitutes a portion of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area.

Newport County
Old Colony House
Map of Rhode Island highlighting Newport County
Location within the U.S. state of Rhode Island
Map of the United States highlighting Rhode Island
Rhode Island's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°32′31″N 71°16′33″W / 41.541954°N 71.275848°W / 41.541954; -71.275848
Country United States
State Rhode Island
FoundedJune 22, 1703
Largest cityNewport
Area
 • Total314 sq mi (810 km2)
 • Land102 sq mi (260 km2)
 • Water211 sq mi (550 km2)  67%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total82,888
 • Estimate 
(2019)
82,082
 • Density260/sq mi (100/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st

HistoryEdit

Newport County was constituted on June 22, 1703, as one of the two original counties of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. As originally established, Newport County consisted of four towns: Portsmouth, Newport, Jamestown, and New Shoreham. In 1746–47, two towns, Little Compton and Tiverton, were acquired from Massachusetts. In 1856, the town of Fall River was split off from Tiverton but was ceded to Massachusetts six years later in 1862 as part of the settlement of the boundary dispute between Rhode Island and Massachusetts. In 1963, the town of New Shoreham was transferred to Washington County. County government was abolished in Rhode Island in 1842 and today remains only for the purpose of delineating judicial administrative boundaries.

GeographyEdit

 
Summit of Pocasset Hill, highest point in the county

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 314 square miles (810 km2), of which 102 square miles (260 km2) is land and 211 square miles (550 km2) (67%) is water.[3]

The county consists of Aquidneck Island, Conanicut Island, Prudence Island, and the easternmost portion of the state on the mainland. The highest point in the county is Pocasset Hill, 320 feet (98 m) above sea level, located in Tiverton. The lowest elevation is at sea level.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

Major HighwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
179014,351
180014,8453.4%
181016,2949.8%
182015,771−3.2%
183016,5354.8%
184016,8742.1%
185020,00718.6%
186021,8969.4%
187020,050−8.4%
188024,18020.6%
189028,55218.1%
190032,59914.2%
191039,33520.7%
192042,8939.0%
193041,668−2.9%
194046,69612.1%
195061,53931.8%
196081,89133.1%
197094,55915.5%
198081,383−13.9%
199087,1947.1%
200085,433−2.0%
201082,888−3.0%
Est. 201982,082[4]−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2019[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 85,433 people, 35,228 households, and 22,228 families living in the county. The population density was 821 people per square mile (317/km2). There were 39,561 housing units at an average density of 380 per square mile (147/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.46% White, 3.73% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. 2.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of Irish, 13.2% Portuguese, 11.8% English, 9.2% Italian, 6.3% German and 5.2% French ancestry. 92.0% spoke English, 2.3% Spanish, 2.1% Portuguese and 1.3% French as their first language.

There were 35,228 households, out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.50% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,448, and the median income for a family was $60,610. Males had a median income of $41,630 versus $29,241 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,779. About 5.40% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 82,888 people, 34,911 households, and 21,076 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 809.6 inhabitants per square mile (312.6/km2). There were 41,796 housing units at an average density of 408.2 per square mile (157.6/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 3.5% black or African American, 1.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.4% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.2% of the population.[10] The largest ancestry groups were:

  •   25.5% Irish
  •   17.4% English
  •   16.5% Portuguese
  •   10.9% Italian
  •   10.5% German
  •   9.4% French
  •   5.0% Polish
  •   3.9% French Canadian
  •   3.3% Scottish
  •   3.0% American
  •   2.1% Scotch-Irish
  •   1.8% Swedish
  •   1.6% Puerto Rican
  •   1.4% Russian
  •   1.1% Dutch
  •   1.0% Greek
  • 1.0% Sub-Saharan African

[12]

Of the 34,911 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.6% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 43.2 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $67,239 and the median income for a family was $82,477. Males had a median income of $58,191 versus $43,623 for females. The per capita income for the county was $36,994. About 4.5% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[13]

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of Newport County, Rhode Island showing cities, towns, and CDPs

CityEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

VillagesEdit

Villages have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

PoliticsEdit

United States presidential election results for Newport County, Rhode Island[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2016 15,077 36.73% 22,851 55.67% 3,117 7.59%
2012 15,202 38.53% 23,463 59.47% 787 1.99%
2008 15,717 37.42% 25,479 60.67% 801 1.91%
2004 16,622 41.12% 22,992 56.87% 812 2.01%
2000 14,258 37.68% 20,790 54.94% 2,790 7.37%
1996 11,500 32.77% 18,951 54.00% 4,645 13.24%
1992 12,386 31.24% 17,584 44.35% 9,674 24.40%
1988 16,923 48.82% 17,597 50.76% 144 0.42%
1984 19,629 57.38% 14,466 42.29% 114 0.33%
1980 14,555 42.37% 13,904 40.47% 5,897 17.16%
1976 15,155 45.78% 17,768 53.67% 184 0.56%
1972 19,142 59.75% 12,844 40.09% 49 0.15%
1968 10,504 37.74% 16,251 58.39% 1,075 3.86%
1964 7,078 26.35% 19,782 73.65% 0 0.00%
1960 11,942 43.24% 15,677 56.76% 0 0.00%
1956 16,063 63.00% 9,433 37.00% 2 0.01%
1952 15,136 57.63% 11,116 42.33% 10 0.04%
1948 10,756 53.39% 9,254 45.93% 136 0.68%
1944 9,435 45.29% 11,375 54.61% 21 0.10%
1940 9,882 48.11% 10,645 51.82% 14 0.07%
1936 9,358 48.33% 9,499 49.06% 504 2.60%
1932 8,633 51.89% 7,838 47.11% 165 0.99%
1928 8,578 55.85% 6,748 43.94% 33 0.21%
1924 9,608 67.24% 3,975 27.82% 706 4.94%
1920 9,319 76.72% 2,228 18.34% 599 4.93%
1916 4,003 56.84% 2,932 41.63% 108 1.53%
1912 2,583 39.92% 2,487 38.44% 1,400 21.64%
1908 3,639 62.32% 1,949 33.38% 251 4.30%
1904 3,683 61.05% 2,263 37.51% 87 1.44%
1900 3,283 63.38% 1,776 34.29% 121 2.34%
1896 3,415 71.55% 1,092 22.88% 266 5.57%
1892 2,746 53.52% 2,258 44.01% 127 2.48%
1888 2,447 58.82% 1,634 39.28% 79 1.90%
1884 2,040 59.72% 1,205 35.28% 171 5.01%
1880 2,064 67.69% 979 32.11% 6 0.20%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  2. ^ "Rhode Island: Individual County Chronologies". Rhode Island Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 7 April 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°31′N 71°16′W / 41.51°N 71.26°W / 41.51; -71.26