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Newcastle, Wyoming

Newcastle is a city in and the county seat of Weston County, Wyoming, United States.[6] The population was 3,532 at the 2010 census.

Newcastle, Wyoming
City
Weston County Courthouse in Newcastle
Location of Newcastle in Weston County, Wyoming.
Location of Newcastle in Weston County, Wyoming.
Newcastle, Wyoming is located in the United States
Newcastle, Wyoming
Newcastle, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°51′11″N 104°12′34″W / 43.85306°N 104.20944°W / 43.85306; -104.20944Coordinates: 43°51′11″N 104°12′34″W / 43.85306°N 104.20944°W / 43.85306; -104.20944
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Weston
Area
 • Total2.56 sq mi (6.63 km2)
 • Land2.56 sq mi (6.63 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,327 ft (1,319 m)
Population
 • Total3,532
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
3,402
 • Density1,323.31/sq mi (510.91/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
82701, 82715
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-56215[4]
GNIS feature ID1592014[5]

GeographyEdit

 
A roadside view in northern Weston County, looking South.

Newcastle is located at 43°51′11″N 104°12′34″W / 43.85306°N 104.20944°W / 43.85306; -104.20944 (43.853183, -104.209343).[7] It is located at the southwest edge of the Black Hills, at the intersections of U.S. Route 16 and U.S. Route 85.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.55 square miles (6.60 km2), all of it land.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18901,715
1900756−55.9%
191097529.0%
19201,0032.9%
19301,20119.7%
19401,96263.4%
19503,39573.0%
19604,34528.0%
19703,432−21.0%
19803,5964.8%
19903,003−16.5%
20003,0652.1%
20103,53215.2%
Est. 20183,402[3]−3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,532 people, 1,439 households, and 868 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.1 inhabitants per square mile (534.8/km2). There were 1,663 housing units at an average density of 652.2 per square mile (251.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.4% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.

There were 1,439 households of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.7% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.9% male and 46.1% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,065 people, 1,253 households, and 844 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,242.1 people per square mile (479.1/km²). There were 1,458 housing units at an average density of 590.9 per square mile (227.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.79% White, 0.13% African American, 1.44% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 1.01% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.66% of the population.

There were 1,253 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,873, and the median income for a family was $36,929. Males had a median income of $31,222 versus $16,628 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,378. About 7.5% of families and 11.4% of the population and 7.5% of families were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under the age of 18 and 15.7% of those 65 and older.

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Wyoming Department of Corrections Wyoming Honor Conservation Camp & Boot Camp is located in Newcastle.[10][11] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[12]

The United States Postal Service operates the Newcastle Post Office.[13]

EducationEdit

Public education in the city of Newcastle is provided by Weston County School District #1. The district's schools include Newcastle Elementary (split into two campuses for grades K-2 & 3-5), Newcastle Middle School (grades 6-8), and Newcastle High School (grades 9-12).

Newcastle has a public library, a branch of the Weston County Library System.[14]

ClimateEdit

Newcastle experiences a dry continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with cold winters and hot, wet summers.

Climate data for Newcastle, Wyoming
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 58
(14)
62
(17)
68
(20)
78
(26)
82
(28)
92
(33)
92
(33)
91
(33)
87
(31)
82
(28)
72
(22)
63
(17)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 32.7
(0.4)
38.1
(3.4)
47.2
(8.4)
57.5
(14.2)
67.8
(19.9)
79.4
(26.3)
87.1
(30.6)
84.9
(29.4)
73.4
(23.0)
60.4
(15.8)
42.7
(5.9)
34.0
(1.1)
58.8
(14.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
26.6
(−3.0)
35.4
(1.9)
45.1
(7.3)
55.1
(12.8)
65.5
(18.6)
72.6
(22.6)
70.7
(21.5)
59.8
(15.4)
47.5
(8.6)
32.3
(0.2)
23.3
(−4.8)
46.3
(8.0)
Average low °F (°C) 10.7
(−11.8)
15.0
(−9.4)
23.5
(−4.7)
32.6
(0.3)
42.4
(5.8)
51.6
(10.9)
58.1
(14.5)
56.4
(13.6)
46.1
(7.8)
34.5
(1.4)
21.8
(−5.7)
12.6
(−10.8)
33.8
(1.0)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−42
(−41)
−31
(−35)
−16
(−27)
6
(−14)
21
(−6)
26
(−3)
20
(−7)
5
(−15)
−16
(−27)
−29
(−34)
−45
(−43)
−45
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.44
(11)
0.58
(15)
0.77
(20)
1.61
(41)
2.55
(65)
2.42
(61)
2.09
(53)
1.82
(46)
1.16
(29)
1.32
(34)
0.70
(18)
0.58
(15)
16.04
(408)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[15]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[16]

Arts and cultureEdit

 
Dogie Theater, Newcastle

The town boasts great walking trails. A historic tour starts at the Anna Miller Museum. Also included are the Greenwood Cemetery and a downtown historic district listed with the National Register of Historic Places. The "Serenity Trail" allows walkers to view wildlife in the area.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Cindy Hill, Wyoming Superintendent of Public Instruction since 2011, was reared in Newcastle.[17]
  • Frank Wheeler Mondell, United States Representative from Wyoming, helped establish Newcastle as a community and was its first mayor.
  • Charles E. Richardson, a Wyoming newspaper publisher, was born in Newcastle, but spent much of his life in Rock Springs.
  • Edwin Keith Thomson, Wyoming politician
  • Kody Templeman, Cory Laurence, and Zachary Rawhouser were all members of the band The Lillingtons, who released four albums, including two on influential punk rock label Lookout! Records. All three are Newcastle residents. Templeman also currently co-fronts Fat Wreck Chords recording artists Teenage Bottlerocket, along with fellow members from Laramie, Wyoming.
  • Koree Khongphand-Buckman, Founder of Underwearness Inc. It is a nonprofit that provides new underwear to children who need it.
  • Hans Hunt, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives, currently the Majority Whip, was born and raised in Newcastle. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 2010 at the age of 24.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Contact Institutions." Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  11. ^ "Newcastle city, Wyoming[permanent dead link]." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  12. ^ "About the Department of Corrections." Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location — NEWCASTLE Archived August 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  14. ^ "Wyoming Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  16. ^ "Monthly Averages for Newcastle, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  17. ^ "Superintendent of Public Instruction". wyomingfamilycoalition.org. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2013.

External linksEdit