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The Newbury by-election, in West Berkshire, England, was held on 6 May 1993 after Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) Judith Chaplin died, after only being elected the previous year. It was won by David Rendel of the Liberal Democrats with a large swing of 28.4%, and well over twice as many votes as the Conservative candidate. As with the overwhelming majority of UK by-elections, turnout was lower than at the general election — here falling from 83% to 71% (rounded).

Contents

BackgroundEdit

The by-election in Newbury was the first by-election of the 1992–1997 parliament, and the first in a string of by-election losses for the Conservative Party who were in their fourth consecutive term of office. Until 1993 the seat had been held by a Conservative MP since 1924.

CandidatesEdit

Many independent candidates, or candidates from newly formed or minor parties stood in the by-election, with three candidates standing on an anti-Maastricht Treaty platform. Andrew Bannon, a Labour member from Slough stood as a Conservative Candidate in protest at a Conservative member standing as a Labour Candidate in the 1992 general election in Slough.

All candidates needed since 1985 to win at least 5% of the total votes to retain their deposit, which they must pay to stand for election. Every candidate apart from David Rendel and Julian Davidson lost their deposit, including Labour's Steve Billcliffe.

The by-election achieved a record of 19 candidates, beating the previous high of seventeen at the 1984 Chesterfield by-election. It remained the longest ballot paper in any Parliamentary election until the 2008 Haltemprice and Howden by-election.

ResultsEdit

Newbury by-election, 1993[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat David Rendel 37,590 65.1 +27.8
Conservative Julian Davidson 15,535 26.9 −29.0
Labour Steve Billcliffe 1,151 2.0 −4.0
Anti-Federalist League Alan Sked 601 1.0
Conservative Candidate Andrew Bannon 561 1.0
Commoners' Party Stephen Martin 435 0.8
Monster Raving Loony Lord David Sutch 432 0.7
Green Jim Wallis 341 0.6 −0.2
Referendum Party Robin Marlar 338 0.6
Conservative Rebel John Browne 267 0.5
Corrective Party Lindi St Clair 170 0.3
Maastricht Referendum for Britain Bill Board 84 0.1
Natural Law Michael Grenville 60 0.1
People & Pensioners Party Johnathon Day 49 0.1
21st Century Independent Foresters Colin Palmer 40 0.1
Defence of Children's Humanity Bosnia Mladen Grbin 33 0.1
SDP Alan Page 33 0.1
Communist (PCC) Anne Murphy 32 0.1
Give the royal billions to schools Michael Stone 21 0.1
Majority 22,055 38.2
Turnout 57,399 71.3 −11.46
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing 28.4

Rendel served as MP until the 2005 general election, when he was defeated by the Conservative candidate Richard Benyon.

General election result, 1992Edit

This is the result of the 1992 general election in Newbury.

UK General Election: Newbury, 1992
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Judith Chaplin 37,135 55.9 −4.24
Liberal Democrat David Rendel 24,778 37.3 +5.57
Labour Richard J E Hall 3,962 6.0 −2.13
Green Jim Wallis 539 0.8 +0.8
Majority 12,357 18.61 −9.8
Turnout 66,414 82.76 +4.77
Conservative hold Swing

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1992-97 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  • "Newbury 1993". By-election result and campaign literature. Archived from the original on 21 August 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2010.