Newbury (UK Parliament constituency)
Newbury is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Richard Benyon, an Independent who was elected as a Conservative.[n 2] It was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and has been in continual existence since then.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Newbury in Berkshire
Location of Berkshire within England
|Major settlements||Newbury, Thatcham, Hungerford|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Benyon (Independent)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed for 2022
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 6.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 6.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 6.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 6.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 6.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 6.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 6.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 6.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 6.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 6.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 6.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 6.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 7 Neighbouring constituencies
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Sources
- 11 External links
The constituency consists of most of West Berkshire and includes Newbury, Thatcham and Hungerford. To the east, the rest of West Berkshire is incorporated into the Wokingham and Reading West constituencies.[n 3]
Since its creation it has been a Conservative or Liberal/Liberal Democrat seat, sometimes seemingly marginal and sometimes seen as a safe seat, with a tendency towards being Conservative.[n 4] West Berkshire which is similar to its neighbours has a rather thriving economy with the headquarters of the communications company Vodafone that has created a cluster of around 80 mobile phone related businesses in Newbury, while the Lambourn area is the second most important centre for the racehorse industry in Great Britain, employing over 800 people directly, and producing an annual income of £20 million.
West Berkshire is also home to Atomic Weapons Establishment, near Aldermaston, Wolseley plc, Bayer and Pepsico. There are high proportions of detached and semi-detached housing, and lower than average dependency on social housing. The seat includes the former family home of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge in Bucklebury.
- Neighbouring constituencies
Originally, Newbury was part of a larger constituency of Berkshire, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), increased to three in the Reform Act of 1832. In the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885 Berkshire was divided into three county constituencies, Northern (Abingdon), Southern (Newbury), and Eastern (Wokingham), and two borough constituencies, Reading and New Windsor, each returning one member.
The Conservatives have held the constituency for all but seventeen years since the creation of the seat - only three spells of Liberal Party, or Liberal Democrat, majorities have intersected their control. In 2015, the party held the largest majority in the seat since 1935 at 46%, before being reduced to 40.1% in 2017.
Since the February 1974 election, the Liberal Democrats have been one of the two largest parties in the constituency. They most recently gained the seat at the 1993 by-election, holding it until 2005 where it was regained by the Conservatives.
The constituency in 2010 produced the third lowest share of the vote for Labour (4.3%), one of five lost deposits for Labour nationally, below the 5% of the vote deposit threshold.[n 5] In 2017, Labour earned its highest share of the vote in Newbury since the October 1974 election with 14.1% of the vote.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885-1918: The constituency was created as the Southern or Newbury Division of Berkshire under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the three-member Parliamentary County of Berkshire was divided into the three single-member constituencies of Abingdon, Newbury and Wokingham. It comprised the Boroughs of Newbury and Reading, the Sessional Divisions of Ilsley, Lambourn, Newbury (including Hungerford), and Reading (except the parishes of East Swallowfield and West Swallowfield), and part of the Sessional Division of Wokingham. Only non-resident freeholders of the municipal borough Reading (which comprised the Parliamentary Borough of Reading) were entitled to vote.
1918-1950: The Boroughs of Newbury and Wokingham, the Rural Districts of Hungerford and Newbury, and parts of the Rural Districts of Bradfield and Wokingham.
Extended eastwards, with the addition of Wokingham and surrounding areas from the abolished Wokingham Division of Berkshire. Small northern part transferred to Abingdon and areas which had been annexed by Reading County Borough transferred to the Parliamentary Borough.
1950-1955: The Borough of Newbury, and the Rural Districts of Bradfield, Hungerford, and Newbury.
Wokingham and rural areas to the south and east of Reading transferred to the re-established County Constituency of Wokingham. Small area transferred from Abingdon.
1955-1974: The Borough of Newbury, the Rural Districts of Bradfield, Hungerford, and Newbury, and the County Borough of Reading ward of Tilehurst.
Gained the Tilehurst ward from the abolished Borough Constituency of Reading North. From the 1964 general election, the Reading wards of Norcot and Tilehurst were included following a revision to the local authority wards.
1974-1983: As 1950.
The Norcot and Tilehurst wards transferred back to the re-established Borough Constituency of Reading North.
1983-1997: The District of Newbury wards of Aldermaston, Basildon, Beenham, Bradfield, Bucklebury, Burghfield, Chieveley, Cold Ash, Compton, Craven, Downlands, Falkland, Greenham, Hungerford, Kintbury, Lambourn Valley, Mortimer, Northcroft, St John's, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Speen, Thatcham North, Thatcham South, Thatcham West, Turnpike, and Winchcombe.
Gained a small area of the abolished County Constituency of Abingdon (part of the former Rural District of Wantage) which had been retained by Berkshire when the rest of the area comprising Abingdon was transferred to Oxfordshire by the Local Government Act 1972. Areas to the west of Reading included in the new County Constituency of Reading West.
1997-2010: The District of Newbury wards of Aldermaston, Basildon, Beenham, Bradfield, Bucklebury, Chieveley, Cold Ash, Compton, Craven, Downlands, Falkland, Greenham, Hungerford, Kintbury, Lambourn Valley, Northcroft, St John's, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Speen, Thatcham North, Thatcham South, Thatcham West, Turnpike, and Winchcombe.
Small loss to Wokingham in the east of the constituency (Burghfield and Mortimer wards).
2010–present: The District of West Berkshire wards of Aldermaston, Basildon, Bucklebury, Chieveley, Clay Hill, Cold Ash, Compton, Downlands, Falkland, Greenham, Hungerford, Kintbury, Lambourn Valley, Northcroft, St John's, Speen, Thatcham Central, Thatcham North, Thatcham South and Crookham, Thatcham West, and Victoria.
Further minor loss to Wokingham.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1885||William George Mount||Conservative|
|1906||Frederick Coleridge Mackarness||Liberal|
|1922||Howard Clifton Brown||Conservative|
|1924||Howard Clifton Brown||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Sir Michael McNair-Wilson||Conservative|
|1993 by-election||David Rendel||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Judith Bunting||13,019||21.4||+6.4|
|Apolitical Democrats||Dave Yates||304||0.5||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Judith Bunting||8,605||15.0||-20.5|
|Apolitical Democrats||Peter Norman||228||0.4||+0.2|
|Patriotic Socialist Party||Andrew Stott||53||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||20,809||35.5||−7.1|
|Apolitical Democrat||David Yates||95||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||23,311||42.6||−5.6|
|Labour||Oscar Van Nooijen||3,239||5.9||−1.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||24,507||48.2||−4.7|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||29,887||52.9||+15.8|
|Socialist Labour||Katrina Howse||174||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||37,590||65.1||+27.8|
|Anti-Federalist League||Alan Sked||601||1.0||N/A|
|Conservative Candidate||Andrew Bannon||561||1.0||N/A|
|Commoners' Party||Stephen Martin||435||0.8||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||432||0.7||N/A|
|Referendum Party||Robin Marlar||338||0.6||N/A|
|Conservative Rebel||John Browne||267||0.5||N/A|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||170||0.3||N/A|
|Maastricht Referendum for Britain||Bill Board||84||0.1||N/A|
|Natural Law||Michael Grenville||60||0.1||N/A|
|People & Pensioners Party||Johnathon Day||49||0.1||N/A|
|21st Century Independent Foresters||Colin Palmer||40||0.1||N/A|
|Defence of Children's Humanity Bosnia||Mladen Grbin||33||0.1||N/A|
|Communist (PCC)||Anne Murphy||32||0.1||N/A|
|Give The Royal Billions To Schools||Michael Stone||21||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||28.4|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||24,778||37.3||+5.6|
|Labour||Richard J E Hall||3,962||6.0||−2.1|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Alliance (Liberal)||David Rendel||18,608||31.7||−3.3|
|Alliance (Liberal)||Anthony Richards||18,798||35.0||−1.0|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
After the 1970 general election, Newbury's boundaries were altered to reduce the size of the electorate which had grown to over 85,000. After the boundary changes, the electorate numbered around 72,000 people. This came into effect for the first general election in February 1974.
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Stanley Clement Davies||9,571||16.7||−3.5|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||Eric Digby Tempest Vane||6,052||13.0||N/A|
|Common Wealth||George Booth Suggett||424||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||24,642||73.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Unionist||Howard Clifton Brown||17,800||51.0||−4.9|
|Liberal||Edward Harold Brooks||13,604||39.0||−0.5|
|Unionist||Howard Clifton Brown||14,759||55.9||+6.0|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Unionist||Howard Clifton Brown||11,185||49.9||−7.5|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+7.5|
|Unionist||Howard Clifton Brown||12,322||57.4||N/A|
|C||Unionist||Howard Clifton Brown||Unopposed|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Burghfield, Mortimer and Sulhamstead; and, respectively Burch Copse, Calcot, Pangbourne, Purley on Thames, Theale and Westwood
- The total period served by either a Liberal or Liberal Democrat MP is 17 years, Conservative MPs have served for the remaining 110 years (to the end of 2012)
- Other lost Labour deposits took place in Eastbourne, Somerton & Frome, Cornwall North and Westmorland & Lonsdale
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "West Berkshire Council - Can't Find Page". www.westberks.gov.uk.
-  Archived 17 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on 29 January 2016.
- "General Election Results from the Electoral Commission".
- "Newbury". Electoral Calculus. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)
- "Opinion: A Tory MP standing down over his party's 'nationalism' should set off alarm bells. It won't". The Independent. 15 July 2019.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "West Berkshire Council". West Berkshire. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Newbury parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "Mr Stevens at Newbury". Reading Mercury. 9 July 1892. p. 4. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Newbury election history". Newbury. Retrieved 12 April 2005.
- "Parliament.uk: 1992 elections" (PDF). Highest and lowest shares of the vote by party. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2005.
- "Newbury 1993". Candidate names. Archived from the original on 22 August 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2005.
- "Election data from 1832". Newbury constituency 1959 onwards. Retrieved 23 April 2005.
- "Boundary Commission for England". Boundary changes. Archived from the original on 12 March 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2005.
- David Boothroyd. "Smallest majorities at elections since 1918". 1923 Majority. Retrieved 3 June 2005.
- BBC: Newbury constituency (2001)
- McCalmont, Frederick Haynes, Stenton Michael, Vincent, John Russell. McCalmont's parliamentary poll book: British election results. (ISBN 0-85527-000-4)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949. (ISBN 0-900178-01-9)