Newark Public Library
The Newark Public Library (NPL) is a public library system in Newark, New Jersey. The library offers numerous programs and events to its diverse population. With eight different locations, the Newark Public Library serves as a Statewide Reference Center. The Newark Public Library is the public library system for the city of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. Currently, the library boasts an enormous collection of both art and literature, art and history exhibits, a variety of programs for all ages, and much more.
|Location||Newark, New Jersey, USA|
|Access and use|
James Street Commons Historic District
|NRHP reference No.||78001758|
|Added to NRHP||January 9, 1978|
|Designated NJRHP||February 10, 1977|
The First Avenue Branch, located in upper Roseville, and the Madison Branch, located in Clinton Hill, closed down on August 27, 2010 due to budget cuts. The Roseville Branch, located in lower Roseville, is temporarily closed.
|Branch Brook Branch||235 Clifton Avenue||https://npl.org/community-libraries/branch-brook-branch/||1946|
|Clinton Branch||739 Bergen Street||https://npl.org/community-libraries/clinton-branch/||1925|
|Main Library||5 Washington Street||https://npl.org/main-library/||1901|
|North End Branch||722 Summer Avenue||https://npl.org/community-libraries/north-end-branch/||1930|
|Springfield Branch||50 Hayes Street||https://npl.org/community-libraries/springfield-branch/||1923|
|Vailsburg Branch||75 Alexander Street||https://npl.org/community-libraries/vailsburg-branch/||1927|
|Van Buren Branch||140 Van Buren Street||https://npl.org/community-libraries/van-buren-branch/||1923|
|Weequahic Branch||355 Osborne Terrace||https://npl.org/community-libraries/weequahic-branch/||1929|
The historic Newark Public Library traces its beginnings to the Newark Library Association, a private organization that was chartered in 1847. In 1887, the people of Newark approved the founding of a Free Public Library. The first director of the library was Frank Pierce Hill.
The Newark 'Free Public Library opened on West Park Street in the central ward of downtown Newark in 1889 and offered a collection of over 10,000 books which had been acquired from the Newark Library Association.
Over time, the influx of more books and an increasing population necessitated the construction of a new building at 5 Washington Street, the current location of the main branch of the Newark Public Library. An architectural marvel, the new building, designed by Rankin and Kellogg, was influenced by the 15th century Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, Italy. The library also served as a museum, lecture hall, and a gallery.
In 1902, John Cotton Dana succeeded Frank Pierce Hill to become the director of the library. John Cotton Dana greatly promoted the educational value of the library. For example, he established foreign language collections for immigrants and even developed a special collection for the business community. This "Business Branch" was the first of its kind in the nation. John Cotton Dana was employed at the Newark Public Library in Newark, New Jersey until his death in 1929. John Cotton Dana also founded the Newark Museum in 1909, inside the library, directing it until his death.
After the death of Dana in 1929, the library continued to thrive. Beatrice Winser took over as director of the library and Newark Museum until 1942. In 1930, the library had a book truck which brought books to children throughout Newark. In 1929, the library's New Jersey Collection was founded, which later became The Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center. The CFCNJIC became a separate Library department in 1951.
Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, the Library continued to grow under the leadership of John Boyleton Kaiser (1943-1958), James E. “Ned” Bryan (1958-1972), J. Bernard Schein (1972-1977), William Urban (1977-1979), Thomas J. Alrutz (1979-1988), Alex Boyd (1988-2004), Wilma Grey (2005-2015), Jeffrey Trzeciak (2017-2019), Joslyn Bowling Dixon (2020-present) and others. In 1963 the library became a Federal Regional Depository.
In 1989, the library opened what is now the James Brown African American Room to "generate and maintain an appreciation of African American history and culture". Also in 1989, La Sala was established with the "largest collection of Spanish–language library resources in New Jersey.
In 2002, The Newark Public Library partnered with a Latino community group, the Friends the Hispanic Research Information Center (HRIC), to create the New Jersey Hispanic Research and Information Center (NJHRIC).
Main Library DepartmentsEdit
- The Reference Center provides information on all subjects. This division serves as the statewide reference center for libraries researching art, business, music, patents and trademarks, and U.S. government documents questions.
- The Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center provides New Jersey reference. It is home to many unique collections on Newark and NJ including books, photographs, microfilm and archives.
- The New Jersey Hispanic Research and Information Center consists of La Sala Hispanoamericana, the state's largest collection of Spanish Language books, the Hispanic Reference Collection, and the Puerto Rican Community Archives.
- Special Collections includes graphic and visual arts collections as diverse as fine prints, medieval manuscripts and shopping bags.
- The James Brown African American Room was established to "document, preserve and foster the history, culture and literary achievements of African Americans".
- Other spaces in the main branch include the Children's Room, Teen Room, LGBTQ Center, and Special Services Room.
The four–story Italian Renaissance-inspired Main Library building was designed by John Hall Rankin and Thomas M. Kellogg, drawing inspiration from the 15th century Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, Italy. Their intentions were to have the building not only serve as a library, but also as a museum, lecture hall, and gallery, that would provide cultural, as well as educational experiences in an aesthetically pleasing environment. The building structure includes an open center court/foyer with arches and mosaics that extended upward to a stained glass ceiling four stories high.
Board of TrusteesEdit
As of January 2021:
- Dr. Lauren Wells, President
- Dr. Anasa Maat, Vice President
- Dr. Rosemary Steinbaum, Secretary
- Dr. Timothy J. Crist, Treasurer
- Ms. Antoinette Richardson (Alternate for Ras J. Baraka, Mayor of Newark)
- Ms. Nicole Johnson(Alternate for Roger León, Superintendent of Newark Public Schools)
- Mr. Miguel Rodriguez
- Mr. Domingo Morel
- Mr. Hassan Abdus-Sabur
Main Library expansion and renovationsEdit
The Main Library has been renovated many times since its founding. In 1922 and 1931 additions was completed. In 1927, a mural was painted on the 2nd floor - The Fountain of Knowledge - this mural still exists today. In 1949 a 10,000 square foot maintenance building was added.
Truth, Racial Healing, and Transformation (TRHT) Campus CentersEdit
After being selected by the Association of American College & Universities (AAC&U) to partake in the implementation of a Truth, Racial Healing, and Transformation (TRHT) campus centers, Rutgers University-Newark partnered with the Newark Public Library to aid in the development of the program. The AAC&U selected 10 universities to implement these programs and provided each a grant of $30,000. The goal is to bring to light the issues regarding racial inequality in diverse cities like Newark. Though selected in August 2017, the programs began on January 17th, 2017 at the Newark Public Library and include events that addressed DACA and the Charlottesville Riots and used spoken word poetry and art as mediums.
Philip Roth LecturesEdit
- Annual Report 2014. The Newark Public Library. http://www.npl.org/Pages/AboutLibrary/AnnualReport_2014.pdf
- Annual Report 2006. The Newark Public Library.
- IMLS Harvester. https://harvester.census.gov/imlscompare/LibraryDetail.asp?LibraryPrimaryKey=NJ0122 Archived 2016-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. January 10, 2010. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 27, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- "Branch Brook – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- impressM. "Tracing the Evolution of the City's Library". Charles Cummings. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "The Newark Public Library". The Newark Public Library.
- "Frank P. Hill Papers" (PDF). Newark Public Library. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- "History – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "John Cotton Dana - Newark's First Citizen | Rutgers University Libraries". www.libraries.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Sterling, Guy. The famous, the familiar and the forgotten : 350 notable Newarkers. ISBN 9781499079906. OCLC 958070634.
- "The Newark Public Library - 125 years of innovation and service".
- "Longtime Newark Public Library Director Announces Plans to Retire". Newark, NJ Patch. 2015-04-22. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Peniston, William A. (2015). "Librariana (1889-present)" (PDF). Newark Public Library. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "U.S. Government Documents – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Robinson, Lauren (1989-02-15). "Newark library hails new era, opens African American Room". The Star Ledger.
- "New Jersey Hispanic Research and Information Center – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Introducing the Newark Public Library Digital Archive – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Reference Center – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Special Collections – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "James Brown African American Room – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Main Library – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Newark Public Library". Newark Public Library.
- "Library Announces Appointment of New Director Jeffrey Trzeciak – Newark Public Library". npl.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "About - Newark Public Library".
- McGrath, Charles (2016-10-25). "A Scene Right Out of Philip Roth: His Books Come Home to Newark's Library". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Dixon, Ja (May 2018). "Rutgers Partners with Newark PL". Library Journal. 143: 16–17.
- Glover, Tehsuan (2018-09-18). "Internationally Acclaimed Author Salman Rushdie To Deliver 3rd Annual Philip Roth Lecture at Newark Public Library". The Newark Times. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Ellen M. Pozzi (2013). "Going to 'America': Italian Neighborhoods and the Newark Free Public Library, 1900–1920". In Christine Pawley; Louise S. Robbins (eds.). Libraries and the Reading Public in Twentieth-Century America. Print Culture History in Modern America. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0299293238.
- Edwin Beckerman (1997). A History of New Jersery Libraries. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810832720.
- George Robb (2019). "Propaganda, Censorship and Book Drives: The Newark Library in World War One". New Jersey Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal.