New York State Route 30

New York State Route 30 (NY 30) is a state highway in the central part of New York in the United States. It extends for 300.71 miles (483.95 km) from an interchange with NY 17 (Future Interstate 86) in the Southern Tier to the US–Canada border in the state's North Country, where it continues into Quebec as Route 138. On a regional level, the route serves to connect the Catskill Park to the Adirondack Park. In the latter, NY 30 is known as the Adirondack Trail. Aside from the state parks, the route serves the city of Amsterdam (where it meets the New York State Thruway) and several villages.

New York State Route 30 marker

New York State Route 30
NY 30 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and the city of Amsterdam
Length300.71 mi[2] (483.95 km)
Major junctions
South end I-86 / NY 17 in Hancock
  NY 28 at Pepacton Reservoir
US 20 in Duanesburg
I-90 / New York Thruway in Amsterdam
NY 5 in Amsterdam
NY 8 in Speculator
NY 28 at Indian Lake
US 11 in Malone
North end Route 138 at the Canada–US border in Constable
CountiesDelaware, Schoharie, Schenectady, Montgomery, Fulton, Hamilton, Franklin, St. Lawrence
Highway system
NY 29ANY 30A

NY 30 was assigned in the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York to most of its modern routing south of Wells, replacing a series of designations that had been assigned to the highway in the 1920s. The portion of what is now NY 30 north of Speculator was initially part of NY 10. When that route was truncated to Arietta c. 1960, NY 30 was extended northward over NY 10's former alignment by way of an overlap with NY 8.

Route descriptionEdit

The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) maintains all but 0.97 miles (1.56 km) of NY 30's 301-mile (484 km) alignment. The only section not maintained by the state is located in the city of Amsterdam, where the route is locally maintained from Prospect Street (two blocks north of NY 67) to the northern city line.[3]

Hancock to SchoharieEdit

NY 30 begins at an interchange with NY 17 in the town of Hancock adjacent to the confluence of the East Branch of the Delaware River and the Beaverkill River. The route follows the East Branch northeast to Downsville, where it meets NY 206. NY 206 follows NY 30 across the East Branch into Catskill Park, where the routes split near Brock Mountain. NY 30 exits the park, runs along the south side of the Pepacton Reservoir, before crossing over to the north side of the river. Near Margaretville, NY 30 briefly overlaps NY 28 before turning northward toward Roxbury, where the route passes the John Burroughs Memorial State Historic Site.[4] New York Governor David Paterson designated the stretch of NY 30 within Delaware County the "David C. Brinkerhoff Memorial Highway", after the New York State Trooper who was slain in pursuit of Travis Trimm near the village on April 25, 2007.[5][6]

NY 30 begins its 300-mile (483 km) journey here at NY 17 (Future I-86) in Hancock.

From Roxbury, NY 30 follows the East Branch to Grand Gorge in northeastern Delaware County, where the East Branch comes to an end amidst the mountains. NY 30, meanwhile, intersects NY 23 in the center of the hamlet.[4]

Northbound NY 30 approaching the southern terminus of NY 30A

North of Grand Gorge, NY 30 crosses into Schoharie County and intersects NY 990V, one of four reference routes in New York signed as a touring route, near the northeastern edge of the Schoharie Reservoir in Gilboa. From NY 990V northward, NY 30 follows the Schoharie Creek through Schoharie County to Middleburgh, where it intersects NY 145. To the north in Schoharie, NY 30 meets NY 443 before splitting into NY 30 and NY 30A north of the village, with Schoharie Creek largely following NY 30A. While NY 30A connects to Interstate 88 (I-88) by way of an interchange a short distance to the north, NY 30 has no connection to the freeway. Just past I-88, NY 30 intersects NY 7. Shortly after passing NY 7, NY 30 enters Schenectady County.[4]

Schoharie to Adirondack ParkEdit

In Schenectady County, Schoharie Creek breaks from NY 30A and returns to the vicinity of NY 30 as it intersects U.S. Route 20 (US 20) in Esperance. From Esperance northward, the creek becomes roughly equidistant from both NY 30 and NY 30A as all three entities cross into Montgomery County. Near the northeastern corner of the county, NY 30 enters the city of Amsterdam. The route meets the New York State Thruway (I-90) and NY 5S via separate interchanges before heading downhill as a four-lane divided highway approaching the Mohawk River (here part of the Erie Canal). Historically, the bridge over the river was a straight line to Market Street, which is visible as one approaches northbound. Segments of downtown Market Street remain in use today. With the 1977 creation of the Amsterdam Mall, NY 30, together with NY 5 and NY 67, were re-routed onto splits.[7][8] After the splits rejoin, NY 30 continues on Market Street and leaves the city and, for all purposes, the county.[4]

NY 30 approaching Amsterdam with Market Street hill visible in the background

In adjacent Fulton County, NY 30 crosses NY 29 near Broadalbin, then curves gently to the east after an intersection with County Route 155 (CR 155), a historical routing of NY 29. 0.25 miles (0.40 km), NY 30 turns left toward Mayfield; CR 155 continues eastward. The concurrency between the two routes is unsigned.[4]

NY 30 historically followed School Street through the village of Mayfield. The new routing has it heading toward Riceville, where NY 30A rejoins NY 30. Here, the Adirondack Trail begins as NY 30 turns right, following the right-of-way of NY 30A into Adirondack Park shortly before entering Mayfield.[4]

Adirondack Park and Franklin CountyEdit

NY 30 overlaps NY 28 through the western portion of the Indian Lake hamlet

NY 30 runs through the Adirondacks, accessing communities such as Speculator, Blue Mountain Lake, and Tupper Lake as a scenic byway named the Adirondack Trail.[4][9] From Wells to Speculator, NY 30 is concurrent to NY 8, then with NY 28 from Indian Lake to Blue Mountain Lake. Between Blue Mountain Lake and Long Lake, NY 30 is concurrent with the western third of NY 28N.[4]

Near Tupper Lake, it skirts the boundary between Franklin and Saint Lawrence for a considerable distance before entering Tupper Lake and intersecting NY 3. The two routes overlap to Harrietstown, where NY 30 splits from NY 3 and heads north along a series of lakes, including Upper Saranac Lake and Meacham Lake. North of Duane, NY 30 exits Adirondack Park and heads north towards Malone. Within the village, NY 30 briefly overlaps US 11. The Adirondack Trail ends at the east end of the overlap. The route continues north out of the village to the Canada–US border in Constable, where it becomes Route 138 upon entering Quebec at the Trout River Border Crossing.[4]


Old roadsEdit

Route 30 made up part of the privately owned Middletown and Roxbury Turnpike. The turnpike, which accessed the villages of Middletown and Roxbury, was created in 1808.[10] The highway was about 23 miles (37 km) long, as that is the current stretch of Route 30 from Middletown to Roxbury.[2]

The stretch of Route 30 from Middleburgh to Schoharie was also once part of the Middleburgh and Schoharie Plank Road.[10]


Prior to 1930, the modern routing of NY 30 carried a large number of designations. Between Margaretville and Grand Gorge in the town of Roxbury, what is now NY 30 was designated as part of NY 19. From Mayfield north to Malone, most of the current routing of NY 30 carried a designation. The portion from the modern junction of NY 30 and NY 30A in Mayfield to Speculator was part of NY 54. From Speculator to Indian Lake, NY 30 was the northernmost segment of NY 80.[1] Between Indian Lake and Long Lake, NY 30 comprised the western half of NY 10A.[11] Past Long Lake, NY 30 was part of NY 10 north to the modern junction of NY 30 and NY 186 west of Harrietstown. From NY 186 to modern NY 86 in Paul Smiths, the present alignment of NY 30 was unnumbered. Between Paul Smiths and Malone, NY 30 was part of NY 3. The remainder of NY 30 was unnumbered.[1]

In the 1930 renumbering, NY 30 was largely assigned to its current alignment between the Hancock hamlet of East Branch and Wells, where it terminated at NY 8. Past Wells, the modern alignment of NY 30 was designated as NY 8 to Speculator and as NY 10 north to the Canada–US border.[1][12] NY 10 was truncated southward to NY 8 in Arietta c. 1960, at which time NY 30 was extended north to Quebec along the former alignment of NY 10.[13][14]


One of the entrances of the Old Route 30 trail

NY 30 has been realigned in two areas along its routing. The first realignment was in the Schoharie Valley near the hamlets of Breakabeen and Fultonham. NY 30 was originally routed along the base of Toepath Mountain near Fultonham and along a pair of village streets in Breakabeen. In the 1950s, a proposal was made to reroute NY 30 onto a new routing in the base of the valley surrounding Schoharie Creek.[citation needed] The proposal was approved, and the new alignment of NY 30 opened c. 1970.[15][16] The former routing of NY 30 from Max V. Shaul State Park near Breakabeen to Fultonham, still visible from the modern alignment of the route, was closed to the public and guardrails were installed to stop motor traffic from using the route. However, biking and walking was still allowed, and the old highway is now a 1.5-mile-long (2.4 km) trail known as "Old Route 30". The trail is not maintained; thus, the quality of the blacktop along Old Route 30 has deteriorated over the years. There are significant potholes and overhanging trees, but the path is still traversable. A large landslide has taken out a section of the road at the southern end.

The second realignment of NY 30 was in the vicinity of the village of Northville. Route NY 30 originally entered the village by way of Bridge Street and followed Bridge, Main, and Reed streets through the village. It continued along the eastern bank of the Great Sacandaga Lake on what is now Old State Road and Old Northville Road and rejoined its modern alignment in the town of Hope.[12] The route was realigned c. 1961 to follow a new highway along the western lakeshore, bypassing Northville entirely.[14][17] The portion of Bridge Street from NY 30 to the Northville village line remains state-maintained as NY 920H, an unsigned reference route 0.21 miles (0.34 km) in length.[2] Farther north, the portion of Old Northville Road from the FultonHamilton county line to its junction with NY 30 is maintained by Hamilton County as CR 15.[18]

Two intersections with other state highways in the Town of Schoharie, NY 443 and NY 30A were simplified to simple T-intersections beginning in the summer of 2010.[19] The latter intersection was the site of a deadly limousine crash in October 2018 that killed 20 people.[20]

Major intersectionsEdit

DelawareTown of Hancock0.000.00  NY 17 – New York City, BinghamtonSouthern terminus; exit 90 on the Quickway (NY 17 / future I-86)
Downsville14.9224.01  NY 206 west – WaltonSouthern terminus of NY 206 concurrency
Colchester18.0229.00  NY 206 east (Cat Hollow Road) – RoscoeNorthern terminus of NY 206 concurrency
Middletown37.9261.03  NY 28 north (Palmer Hill Road) – AndesSouthern terminus of NY 28 concurrency
Margaretville41.3666.56  NY 28 southNorthern terminus of NY 28 concurrency
Grand Gorge60.4297.24  NY 23 – Stamford, Prattsville
SchoharieGilboa63.40102.03  NY 990V east – GilboaWestern terminus of NY 990V
Town of Middleburgh82.56132.87  NY 145 north – CobleskillWestern terminus of NY 145 concurrency
Village of Middleburgh82.67133.04  NY 145 south (Main Street) – CatskillEastern terminus of NY 145 concurrency
Town of Schoharie88.75142.83  NY 443 east – GallupvilleWestern terminus of NY 443
90.18145.13   NY 30A north to I-88 – Central BridgeSouthern terminus of NY 30A
Town of Esperance92.10148.22   NY 7 to I-88 – Duanesburg, Cobleskill
SchenectadyDuanesburg96.09154.64  US 20 – Esperance, Duanesburg
102.19164.46  NY 159 east (Mariaville Road) – MariavilleWestern terminus of NY 159
MontgomeryFlorida107.91173.66  NY 161 west – GlenEastern terminus of NY 161
City of Amsterdam109.72176.58   I-90 / New York ThruwayExit 27 (I-90 / Thruway)
110.03177.08  NY 5S – Auriesville, SchenectadyParclo interchange
110.63178.04  NY 5 east – Schenectady
110.73178.20  NY 67 westSouthern terminus of NY 67 concurrency
110.83178.36  NY 5 west
110.94178.54  NY 67 east (Church Street)Northern terminus of NY 67 concurrency
FultonTown of Mayfield118.95191.43  NY 29 – Johnstown, SaratogaRoundabout
122.29196.81  NY 349 west – GloversvilleEastern terminus of NY 349
123.88199.37  NY 30A south – GloversvilleNorthern terminus of NY 30A; roundabout
Northampton134.18215.94Bridge Street (NY 920H) – Northville, Edinburg, Lake GeorgeWestern terminus of unsigned NY 920H; former routing of NY 30
HamiltonWells153.27246.66  NY 8 north – WevertownSouthern terminus of NY 8 concurrency
Speculator162.97262.27  NY 8 south – Lake Pleasant, PolandNorthern terminus of NY 8 concurrency
Indian Lake186.62300.34  NY 28 north – North CreekSouthern terminus of NY 28 coucurrency
Hamlet of Blue Mountain Lake198.02318.68   NY 28 south / NY 28N east – Raquette Lake, Old ForgeNorthern terminus of NY 28 concurrency; western terminus of NY 28N
Long Lake208.63335.76  NY 28N east (Newcomb Road) – NewcombNorthern terminus of NY 28N concurrency
St. LawrencePiercefield221.96357.21  NY 421 west – Horseshoe LakeEastern terminus of NY 421
FranklinTupper Lake230.79371.42  NY 3 west (Mill Street) – Potsdam, WatertownWestern terminus of NY 3 concurrency
Harrietstown236.32380.32  NY 3 east (Tupper Lake Highway) – Saranac LakeEastern terminus of NY 3 concurrency
250.57403.25  NY 186 eastWestern terminus of NY 186
Brighton257.36414.18  NY 86 east (Easy Street) – Saranac Lake, Lake PlacidWestern terminus of NY 86
266.28428.54  NY 458 west (Santa Clara Road) – St. Regis FallsEastern terminus of NY 458
Duane274.64441.99  CR 26Former western terminus of NY 99
Village of Malone288.81464.79  NY 11B west (Franklin Street) – PotsdamSouthern terminus of NY 11B concurrency
289.07465.21    US 11 south (West Main Street) / NY 11B end / NY 37 west (Finney Boulevard) – Massena, PotsdamEastern termini of NY 11B and NY 37; southern terminus of US 11 concurrency
289.48465.87  US 11 north (East Main Street)Northern terminus of US 11 concurrency
Constable295.34475.30   NY 122 east to US 11 northSouthern terminus of NY 122 concurrency
295.42475.43   NY 122 west to NY 37Northern terminus of NY 122 concurrency
300.71483.95  Route 138 northTrout River Border Crossing; continuation into Quebec
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

NY 30AEdit


New York State Route 30A
Length34.86 mi (56.10 km)
ExistedApril, 1960–present

NY 30A is a 34.86-mile-long (56.10 km) alternate route of NY 30, running west of NY 30 from north of Schoharie to south of Mayfield through Fultonville, Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville. Along the way, it connects to several major east–west highways, including US 20 in Esperance and the New York State Thruway in Fultonville.[2] It was assigned in April 1960 and replaced NY 148 north of NY 7 in Central Bridge and NY 43 south of NY 7.[21]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136.
  2. ^ a b c d e "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 168–171, 346. Retrieved December 7, 2009.
  3. ^ "Montgomery County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. March 2, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Google (July 9, 2008). "overview map of NY 30" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
  5. ^ "Road renamed for slain state trooper". Kingston Daily Freeman. July 11, 2008.
  6. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (January 2017). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). p. 93. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  7. ^ Kerr, Doug. "Picture of NY 30, 5, and 67 in Amsterdam". Mark Sinsabaugh. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  8. ^ Google (September 21, 2008). "overview map of NY 30 in Amsterdam" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  9. ^ "New York State Highway Law § 342-b". New York State Legislature. 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Legislative Document. New York State Legislature. 1919. p. 829.
  11. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
  12. ^ a b Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1930.
  13. ^ Ontario (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Imperial Oil. 1959. Archived from the original on August 23, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  14. ^ a b New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Gulf Oil Company. 1960.
  15. ^ Federal Highway Administration (2008). "Structure 1053510". National Bridge Inventory. United States Department of Transportation.
  16. ^ Federal Highway Administration (2008). "Structure 1053520". National Bridge Inventory. United States Department of Transportation.
  17. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map) (1961–62 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1961.
  18. ^ Hope Falls Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. New York State Department of Transportation. 1969. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  19. ^ "Public Information Meeting for Intersection Improvement at State Routes 30 & 30A; State Routes 30A & 443, Schoharie" (Press release). NYSDOT. July 19, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  20. ^ "Police: 20 dead in upstate NY crash involving limousine". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. October 7, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  21. ^ "State Will Change Route 148 Number to 30-A, Auto Club Informed; Younglove Helped". The Leader-Herald. Gloversville, New York. April 12, 1960. p. 11. Retrieved January 15, 2017.

External linksEdit

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