New Jersey Route 24
Route 24 is a 10.42-mile (16.77 km) state highway in New Jersey, United States, that begins at a junction with Interstate 287 (I-287) in Hanover Township in Morris County, passes southeast through Essex County, and ends at a junction with I-78 in Springfield Township in Union County. The route is a four- to six-lane freeway for its entire length.
|Maintained by NJDOT|
|Length||10.42 mi (16.77 km)|
|Existed||1927 (1976 on present alignment)–present|
|West end||I-287 in Hanover Township|
|Route 124 in Summit|
|East end||I-78 in Springfield|
|Counties||Morris, Essex, Union|
The route was created in 1927 to run from Phillipsburg to Newark, replacing pre-1927 Route 12 from Phillipsburg to Penwell and Pre-1927 Route 5 from Morristown to Newark. The route was extended west to the new Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge in 1938 but was cut back to U.S. Route 22 (US 22) in the eastern part of Phillipsburg in 1953. The western terminus was cut back further around 1970 to Hackettstown with the route west of there becoming part of Route 57. The freeway alignment of Route 24 between the John F. Kennedy Parkway and I-78 was completed in 1976.
With the completion of this freeway, Route 24 east of the John F. Kennedy Parkway became Route 124. The freeway was completed between the abandoned Tri-Borough Road interchange and the JFK Parkway in the 1970s but was not opened until 1992, when the rest of the freeway to I-287 was completed after years of legal, environmental and budgetary problems. At this time, the alignment of Route 24 between US 202 in Morristown and the JFK Parkway became a western extension of Route 124 while the route was officially eliminated between Hackettstown and Morristown as it followed county-maintained routes. The former route between Hackettstown and Morristown is still referred to as Route 24 by many and is still signed as such due to local outcry.
Route 24 begins at an interchange with Interstate 287 in Hanover Township, Morris County, heading southeast on a six-lane freeway. The route interchanges with County Route 511 (CR 511, Whippany Road) with a westbound exit and eastbound entrance and crosses into Morris Township. Route 24 crosses back into Hanover Township, where it passes over County Route 623 (Park Avenue) and narrows to four lanes, and intersects County Route 510 (Columbia Turnpike) at a cloverleaf interchange near the Morristown Municipal Airport. Just past this interchange, the freeway crosses into Florham Park, heading southeast and passing through Madison before crossing back into Florham Park. Route 24 passes under Tri-Borough Road and enters Chatham Borough. An abandoned cloverleaf interchange exists at this location, as Tri-Borough Road was to be an extension of the Eisenhower Parkway.
Route 24 crosses into Millburn Township, Essex County, widens to six lanes, and passes over the Passaic River. In Millburn Township, the route interchanges with Route 124, County Route 649 (John F. Kennedy Parkway), and River Road. This interchange provides access to The Mall at Short Hills. Past this interchange, Route 124 becomes a frontage road for the Route 24 freeway and the freeway forms the border between the city of Summit in Union County and Millburn Township and interchanges with County Route 657 (Summit Avenue). Route 24 continues along the Summit-Millburn border until it fully enters Millburn and intersects County Route 608 (Hobart Avenue) with a westbound exit and eastbound entrance. Past this interchange, the Route 124 frontage road ends, with Route 124 following the freeway closely to the north as a two-way road, and Route 24 crosses into Summit. The freeway interchanges with County Route 512 (Broad Street) with a westbound exit and entrance and eastbound exit and County Route 527 (Morris Avenue) with an eastbound exit and entrance, entering Springfield Township. Route 24 continues southeast toward its terminus at an interchange with Interstate 78.
Route 24 follows the course of the Great Minisink Trail, and old Lenape trail running from Minisink Village in what is now Montague to Navesink. In 1801, the Morris Turnpike was legislated to run along this trail from Newton through Morristown to Elizabeth. In 1806, the Washington Turnpike was legislated to run from Morristown to Philipsburg. Route 24 was created in 1927 along these two roads to run from downtown Phillipsburg at the Northampton Street Bridge over the Delaware River east to Route 25 (now US 1/9) in Newark, replacing Pre-1927 Route 12 from Phillipsburg to Penwell and Pre-1927 Route 5 from Morristown to Newark, along with a new proposed alignment between Penwell and Morristown. Two spurs of Route 24 numbered Route S24 were created in 1927, both of which were renumbered in the 1953 renumbering. The western Route S24 ran northeast from Penwell to Hackettstown, and is now mostly Route 57. The eastern Route S24 ran from Springfield to Elizabeth, and is now mostly Route 82. In addition, Route 24N was a planning number for the approach to the new Delaware River crossing (the Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge) in Phillipsburg that opened in 1938. However, before the bridge opened, Route 24N was instead built simply as an extension of Route 24. Between 1938 and 1941, this segment was also designated as part of a rerouted US 22. In the 1953 renumbering, Route 24’s western terminus was cut back to US 22 in eastern Phillipsburg (removing the concurrency in that town) and the incomplete section of Route 24 between Penwell and Long Valley was bridged by signing the route along the former Route S24 and CR 517. Around 1970, Route 24 west of Hackettstown became part of Route 57.
Plans for the Route 24 freeway originate in 1950 when a bypass of the many congested towns along the route was planned; this bypass was designated as a freeway in 1952. In 1959, the freeway was planned on its current alignment, running from I-287 near Morristown to I-78 in Springfield Township, with approval in 1960. In 1962, plans were made to extend the Route 24 freeway west to US 22 in Phillipsburg. In the 1970s, this western extension was cut back to US 206 in Chester. It was put on hold in 1982, largely because its route was planned through protected wetlands and forests. In 1970, the Route 24 freeway was planned to become part of a western extension of I-278, which would have run northwest from its current terminus at US 1/9 in Linden to I-78, which it would have followed west for a mile to the Route 24 freeway. However, this proposal was rejected by the Federal Highway Administration.
Construction on the section of the Route 24 freeway between the John F. Kennedy Parkway on the Essex/Morris County border and I-78 began in 1967 and was finished in 1976. With the completion of this section, the former alignment of Route 24 between the John F. Kennedy Parkway and the boundary between Maplewood and Irvington, including frontage roads built alongside a portion of the freeway in the Short Hills area, was designated as Route 124. The section across Chatham Borough from the John F. Kennedy Parkway to shortly past the still-existing unused cloverleaf interchange at the Florham Park borough line, once signed as the Tri-Borough Road, a never-built southern extension of the Eisenhower Parkway, was built in 1973-74 but not opened as it did not provide any connections to existing roads. Plans were made to finish the rest of the freeway to I-287; however construction was halted for many years due to legal, environmental and budgetary problems. Construction finally began on this portion of freeway in 1988. Route 24 was finally completed through to the intersection with I-287 in Hanover Township on November 17, 1992, and at that time the Route 24 designation was limited to strictly that freeway.
Following the completion of the freeway, the former signed route of Route 24 between the junction with US 202 in Morristown and the John F. Kennedy Parkway became a western extension of Route 124. The western portion between Route 57 and Route 182 in Hackettstown and US 202 officially had the Route 24 designation removed as the road has always been county-maintained rather than state-maintained. The New Jersey Department of Transportation has tried to remove signs from this section, but locals protested because of their familiarity with the Route 24 designation. Along this route, the road is known as CR 517 from the Morris County/Warren County border to the Long Valley section of Washington Township, CR 513 from Long Valley to Chester Borough, and CR 510 from Chester Borough to Morristown. This route is also known as Old Route 24 along with its names and county route numbers.
|Morris||Hanover Township||0.00||0.00||–||I-287 to I-80 – Somerville, Mahwah||Exit 37 on I-287|
|0.70||1.13||1||CR 511 (Whippany Road) – Morristown, Whippany||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 1A (south) and 1B (north)|
|2.09||3.36||2||CR 510 (Columbia Turnpike) – Morristown, Florham Park||Signed as exits 2A (west) and 2B (east)|
|Essex||Millburn||6.99||11.25||7A||Route 124 west – Chatham||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|7.07||11.38||7B||River Road (CR 649 south) – Summit||Signed as exit 7 eastbound|
|7.07||11.38||7C||JFK Parkway (CR 649 north) – Livingston, Caldwell||Eastbound exit is via exit 7B|
|7.99||12.86||8||Summit Avenue (CR 657 south) – Summit, Chatham|
|8.60||13.84||9B||Hobart Gap Road / Hobart Avenue (CR 608)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Union||Springfield Township||9.45||15.21||9A||Broad Street (CR 512) / Morris Avenue (CR 527) – Summit, Millburn, Springfield||Signed as exits 9A (CR 512) and 9B (CR 527) eastbound|
|10.42||16.77||–||I-78 to G.S. Parkway / N.J. Turnpike / I-95 – Clinton, Newark, Holland Tunnel, New York City||Exit 48 on I-78|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Route 24 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- Google (2009-03-30). "overview of New Jersey Route 24" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- 1953 renumbering. New Jersey Department of Highways. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
- Snyder, John (1969). "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries 1606-1968"
- 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1938, Chapter 85.
- Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Corporation. 1969.
- Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1970.
- Regional Highways: Status Report. Tri-State Transportation Commission. 1962.
- Route 24 Freeway, Administrative Action Final Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Statement. Federal Highway Administration and New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1982.
- Report on the Status of the Federal-Aid Highway Program,. Committee on Public Works, U.S. Senate. 1970.
- Master Plan for Transportation. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1972.
- Cantor, Carla (August 21, 1988). "After 30 Years, a Jammed 2-Lane Country Road Awaits Relief". The New York Times.
- "Route 24 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Internet Archives WayBack Machine. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2006. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
- State Farm Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally. State Farm Insurance. 1983.
- Ragonese, Lawrence (March 25, 2001). "Route 24: Even the Name's an Adventure". The Star-Ledger.
- "County Route 510 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- "County Route 513 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- "County Route 517 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- "Directions to Alstede Farms". Alstede Farms. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "Directions – Chester Township NJ". Chester Township, New Jersey. Retrieved 2008-11-24.