New Freedom, Pennsylvania
New Freedom is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the borough had a population of 4,464. Once an industrial/railroad town, the community has evolved into a mostly residential town.
Former Pennsylvania Railroad Station, now a restaurant and museum on the York County Heritage Rail Trail County Park
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Kim Butcher|
|• Total||2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)|
|• Land||2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||643 ft (196 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,251.32/sq mi (869.43/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
New Freedom Borough is located in the southern portion of York County, Pennsylvania. The borough borders the Mason-Dixon line and was incorporated in 1873. Originally named “Freedom” for the Free family, there was another town already in existence with that name, so New Freedom was chosen as the official name.
People of German, English, and Scotch-Irish descent settled the area. The rich, fertile soil provided a comfortable living for farming and agricultural opportunities. Summers Canning Company operated in the town for years, canning the freshest harvests and then shipping the final products. Summers Canning Company was sold to Hanover Foods in 1984. A mural depicting scenes from the Summers Canning Company is displayed on a building along the York County Heritage Rail Trail.
The Northern Central Railway was a primary factor for early growth of the town. The rail service established a vital means of commerce and transportation until Hurricane Agnes in 1972 destroyed much of the rail line and bridges in York County.
Located 30 miles north of Baltimore, Maryland and 38 miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the town is changing from an area of commerce and minor industry to a commuter community.
New Freedom is located at (39.736703, −76.698541).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,512 people, 1,296 households, and 1,031 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,711.8 people per square mile (661.5/km2). There were 1,340 housing units at an average density of 653.1 per square mile (252.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.53% White, 0.77% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.
There were 1,296 households, out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no spouse present, and 20.4% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $66,458, and the median income for a family was $70,319. Males had a median income of $46,563 versus $31,576 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,828. About 1.3% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
The York County Heritage Rail Trail cuts through the center of New Freedom. The trail, which was established in 1992, runs from just south of New Freedom 21 miles (34 km) north into the city of York. The trail also connects to 20-mile-long (32 km) Northern Central Railroad Trail in Maryland, heading south from the Mason-Dixon line.
Popular seasonal events in New Freedom include:
- The New Freedom Lions Club Carnival, held annually in July since the 1930s
- The Annual New Freedom Fest held the third weekend of September, a revival of the New Freedom's Farmers Improvement Fair that was held this same weekend in the early 1900s for many years
- Outdoor Movie Night held three times each summer where families can gather with their blankets and lawn chairs and enjoy a classic movie.
Currently, a new community park is being built in the middle of town, which will be known as the "Freedom Greene."
New Freedom teens attend Susquehannock High School and Southern Middle School, part of Pennsylvania's Southern York County School District, as well as private schools including Shrewsbury Christian Academy, York Catholic High School, or York Country Day School. In 2010, St. John the Baptist opened a new Roman Catholic Parochial School in the New Freedom borough.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), New Freedom borough, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- New Freedom Heritage Foundation, Compiled Video Exhibition on the History of New Freedom. 2010, New Freedom Museum.
- https://bwsummers.wordpress.com/2013/12/10/summers-one-hundred-years/ Additional history of the Summers family and canning company.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- "The D. Landreth Seed Co. Historical Timeline -- Seedsmen.org". www.saveseeds.org. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
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