New Boston, Illinois

New Boston is a city in Mercer County, Illinois, United States on the Mississippi River. The population was 683 at the 2010 census, up from 632 at the 2000 census.

New Boston, Illinois
New Boston along IL 17 in April 2017.
New Boston along IL 17 in April 2017.
yellow banks
Location of New Boston in Mercer County, Illinois.
Location of New Boston in Mercer County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°10′10″N 90°59′48″W / 41.16944°N 90.99667°W / 41.16944; -90.99667Coordinates: 41°10′10″N 90°59′48″W / 41.16944°N 90.99667°W / 41.16944; -90.99667
CountryUnited States
 • MayorChris Defrieze
 • Total1.40 sq mi (3.64 km2)
 • Land0.94 sq mi (2.44 km2)
 • Water0.46 sq mi (1.20 km2)
 • Total683
 • Estimate 
 • Density690.75/sq mi (266.68/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s)309
FIPS code17-52220
Wikimedia CommonsNew Boston, Illinois


New Boston was settled in the 1830s by "Yankee" migrants from Massachusetts.


New Boston is located at 41°10′10″N 90°59′48″W / 41.16944°N 90.99667°W / 41.16944; -90.99667 (41.169570, -90.996709).[3]

According to the 2010 census, New Boston has a total area of 1.393 square miles (3.61 km2), of which 0.93 square miles (2.41 km2) (or 66.76%) is land and 0.463 square miles (1.20 km2) (or 33.24%) is water.[4]

The city is located at the state line, across the Mississippi River from Iowa.

New Boston is five miles south of Lock and Dam No. 17 on the Mississippi River. New Boston is located on the east bank of the Mississippi at the confluence of the Mississippi and Eliza Creek. Directly across the Mississippi is the mouth of the Iowa River. Much of the natural area surrounding New Boston is part of the Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. The river valley at New Boston is surrounded on both sides by gently rolling bluffs interspersed with rich parcels of wetlands that provide critical wildlife habitat; especially for migratory birds.[5]

Boston Bay is an area of water adjacent to the Mississippi River, at the mouth of Eliza Creek, to the north of New Boston. It is across the Mississippi from its confluence with the Iowa River.[6]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)650[2]−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 632 people, 269 households, and 177 families residing in the city. The population density was 672.6 people per square mile (259.6/km2). There were 317 housing units at an average density of 337.4 per square mile (130.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.53% White, 0.16% African-American, 0.16% Native American, 0.16% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 269 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,231, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $32,361 versus $17,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,593. About 6.4% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Topozone
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External linksEdit