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Never Gonna Give You Up

"Never Gonna Give You Up" is a song recorded by British singer and songwriter Rick Astley, released as a single on 27 July 1987. It was written and produced by Stock Aitken Waterman. The song was released as the first single from his debut album, Whenever You Need Somebody (1987). The song was a worldwide number-one hit, initially in the singer's native United Kingdom in 1987, where it stayed at the top of the chart for five weeks and was the best-selling single of that year. It eventually topped the charts in 25 countries, including the United States and West Germany.[5]

"Never Gonna Give You Up"
RickAstleyNeverGonnaGiveYouUp7InchSingleCover.jpg
Single by Rick Astley
from the album Whenever You Need Somebody
Released27 July 1987[1]
Format
Genre
Length
  • 3:35 (album version)
  • 3:32 (7" vocal mix)
  • 3:30 (instrumental version)
LabelRCA
Songwriter(s)Stock Aitken Waterman
Producer(s)Stock Aitken Waterman
Rick Astley singles chronology
"When You Gonna"
(1987)
"Never Gonna Give You Up"
(1987)
"Learning to Live (Without Your Love)"
(1987)
Audio sample
"Never Gonna Give You Up"
Music video
"Never Gonna Give You Up" on YouTube

The song won Best British Single at the 1988 Brit Awards. In 1990, Nick Lowe quoted from the song and called it "ghastly" in the lyrics to "All Men Are Liars", a song on his album Party of One. In 2004, "Never Gonna Give You Up" was voted number 28 in 50 Most Awesomely Bad Songs... Ever by VH1.

The music video for the song has become the basis for the "Rickrolling" Internet meme, leading the song to also be referred to as "The Rickroll Song". In 2008, Astley won the MTV Europe Music Award for Best Act Ever with the song, as a result of collective voting from thousands of people on the internet, due to the popular phenomenon of Rickrolling.[6] The song is considered Astley's signature song and it is often played at the end of his live concerts.

Contents

ProductionEdit

"Never Gonna Give You Up" was recorded at PWL Studios in South London, England. The song's basslines were produced using a Yamaha DX7 digital synthesizer, while a Linn 9000 was used for the drums and sequencing. Other equipment used included a Roland Juno 106 analog synthesizer, and Yamaha Rev5 and Rev7 reverberators.[7]

Original successEdit

On 12 March 1988, "Never Gonna Give You Up" reached number one in the American Billboard Hot 100[8] after having been played by resident DJ, Larry Levan, at the Paradise Garage in 1987.[9] The single topped the charts in 25 countries worldwide.[5]

RickrollingEdit

"Never Gonna Give You Up" is the subject of a popular Internet prank known as "rickrolling" involving misleading links (commonly shortened URLs) redirecting to the song's music video.[10] Originally started by users on 4chan, by May 2007, the practice had achieved notoriety on the Internet, and it increased in popularity after its use as a 2008 April Fools' Day joke by various media companies and websites, including YouTube rickrolling all of its featured videos on that day and websites allowing people to rickroll their friends' devices.[11]

In "a couple of weeks",[attribution needed] about 13 million people had been tricked into watching Astley's video, the BBC reported on 1 April 2008. "I think it's just one of those odd things where something gets picked up and people run with it", Astley told the Los Angeles Times in late March 2008, adding: "That's what's brilliant about the Internet."[12][13]

Astley also appeared in the 2008 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, interrupting a song performed by those on a float promoting the Cartoon Network program Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends with a lipsynched performance of "Never Gonna Give You Up".

There were reports that despite the video garnering millions of hits on YouTube, Astley earned almost no money from the online phenomenon, receiving only $12 USD in royalties from YouTube for his performance share, as of August 2010,[14] but Astley denied those reports in 2016.[15]

Impact and legacyEdit

Time Out listed "Never Gonna Give You Up" at number 33 in their The 50 best '80s songs list in 2018, adding: "Those synthesized strings, that thumping boots-and-pants beat, Astley's weirdly robust croon and his romantic-wooing-as-used-car-salesman pitch ('You wouldn't get this from any other guy')… It all adds up to three-and-a-half of the most effervescent minutes in the '80s canon."[16]

Cover versionsEdit

Music videoEdit

On 24 October 2009, the music video for "Never Gonna Give You Up" was uploaded to YouTube. It has more than 506 million views as of December 2018.[24]

Track listingsEdit

7" single
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (7" Vocal Mix) – 3:32
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Instrumental) – 3:30
12" maxi
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Cake mix) – 5:46
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Instrumental) – 6:19
  3. "Never Gonna Give You Up" – 3:32
  4. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape to New York mix) – 7:01
  5. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape from Newton mix) – 6:23
12" maxi
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Cake mix) – 5:48
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Instrumental) – 3:30
  3. "Never Gonna Give You Up" – 3:32
12" single
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape from Newton mix) – 6:30
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape to New York mix) – 7:00

PersonnelEdit

  • Written and produced by: Stock, Aitken & Waterman
  • Engineer: Mark McGuire, Bill Gee, Mike Duffy, Jon Herroon
  • Tape Operator: Burni Adams
  • Mixed by:
    • Escape from Newton mix: Mixmaster Pete Hammond
    • Escape to New York mix: The Extra Beat Boys

Charts and certificationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Pemberton, Pat (24 July 2013). "15 Songs You Can't Believe Are 25 Years Old". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  3. ^ Wheeler, Brad (30 July 2013). "Spirit of radio in Toronto getting an indie twist". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  4. ^ "The 10 Best Internet Memes of the Decade (2000-2009)". Paste. 1 November 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Biography". Mike Stock Music. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  6. ^ Moore, Matthew (7 November 2008). "Rickrolling: Rick Astley named Best Act Ever at the MTV Europe Music Awards". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  7. ^ Buskin, Richard (February 2009). "Rick Astley 'Never Gonna Give You Up'". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
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  9. ^ Beta, Andy (26 August 2015). "The Larry Levan Bump: How the Legendary Paradise Garage DJ Ignited Some of the '80s Biggest Hits". Pitchfork. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  10. ^ Phillips, Tom (27 March 2008). "Astley speaks on 'Rickrolling' web fad". Retrieved 1 April 2016.
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  14. ^ Orlowski, Andrew (31 August 2010). "German judge chides Google over YouTube freeloading". The Register. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  15. ^ "[AMA] I'm really Rick Astley. I swear. And to celebrate my first album since 1993, I'm here to let you Ask Me Anything!". Reddit. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  16. ^ "The 50 best '80s songs". Time Out. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
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External linksEdit