The Neuquén Group is a group of geologic formations found in Argentina. Rocks in the Neuquén Group fall within the Cenomanian to early Campanian stages of the Late Cretaceous Period. It overlies the older Lohan Cura Formation and is itself overlain by the younger Allen Formation of the Malargüe Group, separated from both by unconformities, dated to 98 and 79 Ma respectively.
Stratigraphic range: Early Cenomanian-Early Campanian
|Sub-units|| Río Colorado Subgroup|
Bajo de la Carpa Formation Río Limay Subgroup
|Overlies||Lohan Cura Formation|
|Thickness||500 m (1,600 ft)|
|Region||Río Negro, Neuquén & Mendoza Provinces|
Deposits have been located in the provinces of Río Negro, Neuquén, and Mendoza. Although several different types of environments are represented in various sections of the Neuquén Group, the dominant regime is alluvial deposition. Many dinosaurs and other fossils have been discovered in these sediments.
There are seven formations within the Neuquén Group. These are divided into three subgroups named after major rivers in the area. In some works, the subgroups themselves are treated as formations and what usually is considered to be the formations as mere members of these. However, particularly in the Río Limay Subgroup, the formations are clearly composed of very distinct rocks.
Neuquén Group strata, ordered from youngest to oldest
- Río Colorado Subgroup (Santonian to early Campanian)
- Río Neuquén Subgroup (late Turonian to Coniacian)
- Río Limay Subgroup (Cenomanian to early Turonian)
South of Añelo, taking the road between Lake Los Barreales and the Neuquén River will provide splendid views on the successively younger formations, starting with the Lisandro Formation to the northwest of Lake Los Barreales, and finally crossing the Anacleto Formation about 35 kilometres (22 mi) down the road near the eastern tip of the lake. The older strata are exposed south of Lake Los Barreales.
- List of fossil sites
- Bauru Group, Coniacian to Maastrichtian fossiliferous group of the Paraná Basin
- Asencio Formation, Campanian to Maastrichtian fossiliferous formation of the Paraná Basin
- Los Blanquitos Formation, Campanian fossiliferous formation of the Salta Basin
- Colorado Formation, Campanian to Maastrichtian fossiliferous formation of the Colorado Basin
- Angostura Colorada Formation, Campanian to Maastrichtian fossiliferous formation of the North Patagonian Massif
- Bajo Barreal Formation, Cenomanian to Turonian fossiliferous formation of the Golfo San Jorge Basin
- Lago Colhué Huapí Formation, Campanian to Maastrichtian fossiliferous formation of the Golfo San Jorge Basin
- Cerro Fortaleza Formation, Cenomanian fossiliferous formation of the Austral Basin
- Mata Amarilla Formation, Albian to Santonian fossiliferous formation of the Austral Basin
- Santa Marta Formation, Santonian to Campanian fossiliferous formation of northern Antarctica
- Leanza et al., 2004, p.63
- Sánchez et al. (2006)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Neuquén Group.|
- Leanza, H.A.; S. Apesteguia; F.E. Novas, and M.S. De la Fuente. 2004. Cretaceous terrestrial beds from the Neuquén Basin (Argentina) and their tetrapod assemblages. Cretaceous Research 25. 61-87. Accessed 2019-02-16.
- Sánchez, María Lidia; Susana Heredia, and Jorge O. Calvo. 2006. Paleoambientes sedimentarios del Cretácico Superior de la Formación Plottier (Grupo Neuquén), Departamento Confluencia, Neuquén (Sedimentary paleoenvironments in the Upper Cretaceous Plottier Formation (Neuquen Group), Confluencia, Neuquén). Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61. 3-18. Accessed 2019-02-16.