Neugrund crater

Neugrund is a meteorite crater in Estonia. It is 8 km (5.0 mi) in diameter and was previously estimated to have been formed in the Ordovician around 470 Ma, with later research revealing a possible Cambrian origin (around 535 Ma). The crater is at the bottom of the sea and is not exposed at the surface. Boulders of gneissic breccia found on the coast of Osmussaar, a nearby island, are believed to have been thrown there by the explosion.[1] It has been proposed that the Neugrund crater was created during the Ordovician meteor event when a hypothetical large asteroid transferred directly into a resonant orbit with Jupiter, which shifted its orbit to intercept Earth.[2][3][4]

Neugrund crater
Boulder of gneiss breccia on Osmussaar, Estonia, possibly thrown there by the Neugrund impact
Impact crater/structure
Diameter8 km (5.0 mi)
Age~535 Ma
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates59°20′N 23°40′E / 59.333°N 23.667°E / 59.333; 23.667Coordinates: 59°20′N 23°40′E / 59.333°N 23.667°E / 59.333; 23.667
DistrictLääne County
Neugrund crater is located in Estonia
Neugrund crater
Location of the crater in Estonia

This attractive theory may need to be changed as more recent study puts the age of the impact in the Cambrian.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Neugrund". Earth Impact Database. Planetary and Space Science Centre University of New Brunswick Fredericton. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  2. ^ Heck, Philipp; Schmitz, Birger; Baur, Heinrich; Halliday, Alex N.; Wieler, Rainer (15 July 2004). "Fast delivery of meteorites to Earth after a major asteroid collision". Nature. 430 (6997): 323–325. Bibcode:2004Natur.430..323H. doi:10.1038/nature02736. PMID 15254530. S2CID 4393398.
  3. ^ H. Haack et al. Meteorite, asteroidal, and theoretical constraints on the 500-Ma disruption of the L chondrite parent body, Icarus, Vol. 119, p. 182 (1996).
  4. ^ Korochantseva et al. "L-chondrite asteroid breakup tied to Ordovician meteorite shower by multiple isochron 40Ar-39Ar dating" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1, pp. 3-150, Jan. 2007.[dead link]
  5. ^ S. SUUROJA1, K. SUUROJA & T. FLODÉN (2013). A comparative analysis of two Early Palaeozoic marine impact structures in Estonia, Baltic Sea: Neugrund and Kärdla Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, Vol. 85, 2013, pp 83–101.