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Neuffen is a town in the district of Esslingen, in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.

Neuffen
Neuffen qtl1.jpg
Coat of arms of Neuffen
Coat of arms
Neuffen is located in Germany
Neuffen
Neuffen
Location of Neuffen within Esslingen district
Alb-Donau-KreisBöblingen (district)Göppingen (district)Ludwigsburg (district)Reutlingen (district)Tübingen (district)Rems-Murr-KreisStuttgartAichtalAichwaldAltbachAltdorfAltenrietAltenrietBaltmannsweilerBempflingenBeurenBissingen an der TeckDeizisauDenkendorfDettingen unter TeckErkenbrechtsweilerEsslingen am NeckarFilderstadtFrickenhausenGroßbettlingenHochdorfHolzmadenKirchheim unter TeckKöngenKohlbergKohlbergLeinfelden-EchterdingenLenningenLichtenwaldNeckartailfingenNeckartenzlingenNeidlingenNeuffenNeuhausen auf den FildernNotzingenNürtingenOberboihingenOhmdenOstfildernOwenPlochingenReichenbach an der FilsSchlaitdorfUnterensingenWeilheim an der TeckWendlingenWernauWolfschlugenNeuffen in ES.svg
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Coordinates: 48°33′16″N 9°22′32″E / 48.55444°N 9.37556°E / 48.55444; 9.37556Coordinates: 48°33′16″N 9°22′32″E / 48.55444°N 9.37556°E / 48.55444; 9.37556
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictEsslingen
Government
 • MayorMatthias Bäcker
Area
 • Total17.45 km2 (6.74 sq mi)
Elevation408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,343
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes72637–72639
Dialling codes07025
07123 (Kappishäusern)
Vehicle registrationES
Websitewww.neuffen.de

Contents

GeographyEdit

It is located 14 km northeast of Reutlingen, and 28 km southeast of Stuttgart.

Its major attraction is a quite impressive castle with strong walls, the Hohenneuffen, which lies high above the town at the ridge of the Swabian Jura. Neuffen is located on the northern edge of the Swabian Jura, the so-called Albtrauf. Neuffen town is 407 meters, the castle ruin Hohenneuffen 743 m above sea level.

Neighboring communitiesEdit

The town Neuffen borders in the north to the community of Frickenhausen (denunciations Linsenhofen and Tischardt), in the northeast to Beuren, on the east to Erkenbrechtsweiler, on the south to Hülben and Dettingen an der Erms, on the west to the cities of Metzingen and Kohlberg .

ConstituentEdit

Neuffen consists of the districts Kappishäusern and Neuffen. To the district Kappishäusern belongs the village Kappishäusern. Neuffen includes the town of Neuffen, the courts Jushof and Pfingstbuckel and the houses Hart and the Hardt. In the urban area are the dialed villages Bodelsberg, Winden and Hofstetten, but that may be the same as the two courts Bodelsberg and Winden. [2]

HistoryEdit

The first Celtic settlement began around 100 b. Chr. Around 1100 the castle Hohenneuffen was originated.

 
Hohenneuffen

Due to the good contacts to the Lords of Nifen, Neuffen received already in 1232 the town privileges. 1303 Liutgard of Nifen sold Neuffen to Württemberg. From the 14th century until 1806 Neuffen was the seat of an office. From 1543 the expansion of the castle Hohenneuffen to a land fortress was carried out. From a fire 1634 Neuffen was almost completely destroyed. From 1801, the castle was partially canceled. The office Neuffen was assigned 1806 to the newly formed Oberamt Nürtingen. In 1900 the Tälesbahn connected Neuffen to the railway network. In 1938 Neuffen came to the newly formed district of Nürtingen. 1973 Neuffen came to the district of Esslingen. In August 1948 the Prime Minister of Württemberg-Baden Reinhold Maier, the Prime Minister of Südbaden Leo Wohleb and the Interior Minister of South Württemberg-Hohenzollern Viktor Renner talked at Hohenneuffen about establishing a new Southwest State, today Baden-Württemberg.

IncorporationsEdit

July 1, 1972: Kappishäusern

ReligionEdit

The Evangelical church members meet in the Gothic church of St. Martin. There is also an Evangelical Free Church. In the Lichtensteinstraße is the Catholic Church.

 
Martinskirche Neuffen from the east side

Economics and InfrastructureEdit

The initial focus was on agriculture (farming, viticulture, fruit trees, small livestock), then the weavers, later the textile industry; today the metal industry dominates. On the slopes below the ruins Hohenneuffen is one of the highest vineyards in Germany.

TransportationEdit

The Tälesbahn to Nürtingen connects Neuffen with the national rail network. The L 1250 combines Neuffen with Linsenhofen and Hülben. On Sundays and public holidays during the summer months, a heritage railway is in operation, run by the Railway Vehicle Preservation Company.

 
Neuffen station

Water SupplyEdit

Neuffen obtains the drinking water from the Zweckverband Landeswasserversorgung and from own sources. The district of Kappishäusern is supplied with drinking water from the water supply association Jusigruppe.

WasteEdit

Responsible for waste disposal is the district Esslingen.

Educational institutionsEdit

Neuffen has not only a primary school and a Werkrealschule, but also a secondary school and a housed in elementary school special school.

Leisure and sports facilitiesEdit

The offer includes the sports area Spadelsberg, the outdoor pool, the sports' hall and the sports' hall of the Gymnastics Federation Neuffen. In addition, the Gymnastics Federation operates a ski lift. Neuffen is located directly below the Swabian Jura North Rim-path HW1 (long distance footpath).

Points of interestEdit

Ruins Hohenneuffen The Hohenneuffen is, the second largest fortress ruin in Baden-Württemberg. It offers a beautiful view on Neuffen and the surroundings, especially at the time of the cherry blossom. Neuffen is located at the Württemberg wine road, which passes many sights.

MuseumsEdit

In addition to the City Museum at the Big House there is also a religious museum.

BuildingsEdit

Ruins Hohenneuffen Martin church with olives of 1504 Schilling'sches big house Melchior hunter house Town hall City wall (only partially preserved) Neuffen station

PersonalityEdit

FreemanEdit

Since 1986, the former mayor Kurt Schmid is an honorary citizen of Neuffen.

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

  • Robert Reinhardt (1843-1914), architect and university lecturer
  • Wilhelm Steinhilber (1892-1977), local historian
  • Jörg Biel (1943-2015), prehistoric archaeologist, by 2008 public curator

Individuals who have lived or worked in NeuffenEdit

  • Gottfried von Neifen (13th century)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Fischer (1779-1836), Official in Neuffen, member of parliament

Besides the family Julius Marx lived in the 1930s, the well-known entrepreneur, poet and writer Leopold Marx in Neuffen. 1938 the weving company of the Marx Familie was aryanizised.

  • Wilhelm Karl King (born 1935), dialect poet, he grew up in Kappishäusern district.
  • Jörg Anvil (born 1942), politician (CDU), Member of Parliament (1992-2011), lived in Neuffen.
  • Thomas Brdarić (born 1975), football player, German national football team, grew up in Neuffen.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band III: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2, S. 213–215.