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Netroots Nation is a political convention for American progressive political activists. Originally organized by readers and writers of Daily Kos, a liberal political blog, it was previously called YearlyKos and rebranded as Netroots Nation in 2007. The new name to reflects participation of a broader audience of grassroots activists, campaign workers and volunteers, thought leaders, messaging technology innovators and local, state, and national elected officials. The convention offers 3 days of programming: panel discussions on emerging issues in politics and society; training sessions to support more effective activism; keynote addresses from speakers of national stature; an exhibit hall; networking opportunities and social events. The event draws roughly 3000 attendees.

Netroots Nation
NetrootsNation.gif
Formation2004
Executive Director
Eric Thut
Websitewww.netrootsnation.org

Upcoming conferenceEdit

Netroots Nation 2019 will be held July 11-13 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1][2] at the Pennsylvania Convention Center.[3]

Past conferencesEdit

2006Edit

 
Ice sculpture at the first convention

The first YearlyKos was held in Las Vegas, from June 8–11, 2006. It was held at the Riviera Hotel and Casino. There were 1,200 attendees, and featured prominent Democrats such as Harry Reid, Howard Dean, and Barbara Boxer, as well as three possible contenders in the 2008 Democratic primary: retired General Wesley Clark, New Mexico governor Bill Richardson, and former Virginia governor Mark Warner.

The convention hosted panels, roundtable discussion groups, and other gatherings of activists, members of the media and elected officials. Democracy for America and the Center for American Progress were among the groups offering training sessions. Many of the panels were broadcast on C-SPAN.

The convention received a significant amount of coverage in the traditional media, including a write-up in the New York Times that said this event “seems on its way to becoming as much a part of the Democratic political circuit as the Iowa State Fair.”[4]

Gina Cooper served as the Founder and first Director of YearlyKos, later to be Netroots Nation.

2007Edit

 
Debate at the 2007 conference

The 2007 YearlyKos was held at the McCormick Place Convention Center in Chicago, Illinois from August 2–5.[5]

Seven of the eight major Democratic Presidential candidates attended the Convention and participated in a forum moderated by bloggers. The candidates were Hillary Clinton, Chris Dodd, John Edwards, Mike Gravel, Dennis Kucinich, Barack Obama, Bill Richardson. Notably, it was at this event that Hillary Clinton refused to join John Edwards and Barack Obama in a pledge to stop taking money from Washington lobbyists.[6]

Before and after the debate the candidates held individual break-out sessions.

Media coverage called out the emergence of the Netroots in political discourse (“Liberal bloggers can count the ways they are making their presence felt in the presidential race.” –Chicago Tribune)[7] and predicted its influence beyond 2008 (“The Netroots appear to be here to stay. Much of the debate at this year’s conference is aimed not at defining who the group is but rather at on what the group should do in 2008 and beyond.” –Chris Cillizza, Washington Post).[8]

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid were expected to appear, but were held up in Washington due to various votes. On Saturday night of the Convention, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the controversial FISA legislation to expand George W. Bush's surveillance powers.

2008Edit

 
Al Gore at the 2008 convention

After rebranding to Netroots Nation to reflect the growing influence and membership of the Netroots as a community of interest beyond Daily Kos' readership,[9] the 2008 convention was held in Austin, Texas at the Austin Convention Center from July 17–20. Prominent speakers in 2008 included Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, who was joined on stage by a surprise guest, former Vice President Al Gore, who discussed his new film An Inconvenient Truth, on the devastating effects of climate change.

Other prominent speakers in attendance were Gov. Howard Dean, Harold Ford, Lawrence Lessig, Rep. Donna Edwards and Van Jones.

On Saturday night, Gina Cooper announced the end of her tenure as Director of Netroots Nation.

2009Edit

 
Bill Clinton speaking at the 2009 convention

In 2009, Netroots Nation was held at Pittsburgh's David L. Lawrence Convention Center, on August 13–16. Pittsburgh was chosen in part because it is a leader in LEED Certified green building technology; it has more square footage of green buildings than any other city in the country. Another reason was Pittsburgh's rich labor union history. Prominent speakers included President Bill Clinton, Valerie Jarrett, former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean, SEIU's Anna Burger, former New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine and Dean Baker. There was also a debate between Pennsylvania Senate candidates Rep. Joe Sestak and Sen. Arlen Specter.

The keynote speaker was former US President Bill Clinton.[10] The event captured international headlines when the Democratic Congressional leadership seemingly abandoned the "public option" during the Health Care debate and Howard Dean spoke forcefully that the party would reconsider this issue and not compromise on it. Former President Bill Clinton also made headlines in Pittsburgh when responding to a question shouted at him during his speech, concerning gay rights and the military.[11] Clinton quipped at a shouting audience member, "You know you should go to one of those Congressional health care meetings," and went on to say that the implementation of the policy was not what he envisioned or how it was originally defined and that it was ridiculous that $150,000 was spent "to get rid of an Arabic translator" and that 130 servicemen and -women known to be gay were allowed to serve in the first Gulf War until "they kicked them out."[12]

2010Edit

 
Van Jones speaking at the 2010 convention

The 2010 Netroots Nation conference was held in the Las Vegas Valley at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino. Roughly 2,200 activists attended the conference. More than 200 national and international media covered this year's conference including CNN,[13] Univision, AP,[14] Politico[15] and many others.

There were 70 panels, a screening series and a Campaign Academy with 30 hands-on training sessions. These trainings, organized with the help of Democracy for America, featured professionals from dozens of organizations and publications in the progressive movement. Along with the panels and trainings, there were seven keynote sessions. Two of the keynotes were question-and-answer sessions: Ask the Speaker with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Ask the Leader with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid. A memorable moment came when former Lt. Dan Choi, discharged for serving as openly gay in the military, challenged Senator Reid to repeal Don't Ask, Don't Tell.[16]

Prominent speakers included Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Majority Leader Harry Reid, Sen. Al Franken, Elizabeth Warren, Gov. Brian Schweitzer, Ed Schultz, Sen. Jeff Merkley, Sen. Ben Cardin, Sen. Tom Udall, Rep. Alan Grayson, Rep. Raul Grijalva, Rep. Jared Polis, Rep. Donna Edwards, Rep. Jerrold Nadler, Van Jones, Rich Trumka, Tim Wise, Lizz Winstead, Majora Carter, Markos Moulitsas, Tarryl Clark, Bill Halter, Phaedra Ellis-Lamkins, Gerald McEntee and Eliseo Medina. During his speech, Sen. Franken (D-MN) argued against media consolidation and for net neutrality laws. He said, in part, "If we don't protect Net Neutrality now, how long do you think it will take before Comcast-NBC Universal, or Verizon-CBS Viacom or AT&T-ABC-DirecTV or BP-Haliburton-Walmart-Fox-Domino's-Pizza start favoring its content over everyone else's?"[17]

2011Edit

The 2011 Netroots Nation was held June 16–19 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and drew 2,400 people. Prominent featured speakers included Rep. Debbie Wasserman-Schultz, former Senator Russ Feingold, Minneapolis mayor R. T. Rybak, former Vermont governor Howard Dean, Van Jones, White House Communications Director Daniel Pfeiffer, John Aravosis, Shannon Augare, Senator Mark Begich, Senator Ben Cardin, Rep. Judy Chu, Lt. Dan Choi, Rep. Keith Ellison, Tarryl Clark, Dr. Heidi Cullen, Rep. Donna Edwards, Maj. Gen. Paul Eaton, Laura Flanders, Sen. Al Franken, Rep. John Garamendi, Rep. Luis Gutierrez, Jane Hamsher and Montana State Rep. Ellie Hill.

Netroots Nation 2011 also had an international presence, with bloggers and activists from 24 countries—including Germany, Morocco, Yemen, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan and China—participating. The conference culminated with the first ever Freedom from Fear Awards program, which highlighted fearless immigration activism and featured an original song from Jill Sobule, titled They Say They Want Our America Back. [18]

2012Edit

Netroots Nation 2012 was held June 7–10 in Providence, Rhode Island at the Rhode Island Convention Center.[19]

Prominent featured speakers included Rebuild the Dream co-founder Van Jones, NAACP President Benjamin Jealous, Congressman David Cicilline (RI-01), winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics and NY Times op-ed columnist Paul Krugman, Carol Shea-Porter, AFL-CIO’s Rich Trumka, AFT President Randi Weingarten, soon-to-be elected senators Elizabeth Warren, Mazie Hirono and Tammy Baldwin, Ai-jen Poo - National Domestic Workers Alliance director, and Rhode Island State Representatives Teresa Tanzi and Chuck Rocha.

2013Edit

Netroots Nation 2013 was held June 20–23 in San Jose, California and was attended by about 3,000 activists, its largest crowd ever. Jeff Merkley held the opening keynote speech.[20] On June 22, Nancy Pelosi participated in a Q&A session and was booed by the audience for saying that Edward Snowden had broken the law by revealing information about the NSA’s surveillance programs and for defending Barack Obama on the issue.[21]

2014Edit

 
Joe Biden speaking at the 2014 convention

Netroots Nation 2014 was held at Cobo Center in Detroit, Michigan on July 17–21, 2014. Vice-President Joe Biden delivered the opening keynote on Thursday afternoon, hitting on topics including marriage equality, compassion for immigrants, and expanded voting access. He said the country has reached an inflection point and that progressives have a chance to bend the arc of history. Rev. Dr. William Barber II spoke Thursday evening, urging attendees to come together as allies. “We must resist the moment mentality,” Barber said. “We are not here for a moment. We must be here to build a movement.” [22][23]

On Friday, Senator Elizabeth Warren addressed the crowd, calling for tougher regulations and oversight of Wall Street and making sure blue-collar families can earn a livable wage and retire with a social safety net.

Actor Mark Ruffalo stopped in at the convention, as he was in Detroit for the "Turn on the Water" march and rally, organized after the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department stopped water service for more than 15,000 households in the city that had not paid their water bill.[24]

On Saturday, attendees chose their favorite app, product or technology at the Netroots Nation New Tools Shootout event. Action Network won for best overall technology and best startup technology. The Sunlight Foundation's OpenCongress won best new feature or product, and Organizer won for best mobile or Facebook app.

2015Edit

 
Bernie Sanders addresses his supporters at a rally, not connected to the convention.

The Netroots Nation 2015 conference was scheduled for mid-summer July 16 in Phoenix, Arizona.[25][26] The 2015 convention was one of the most diverse events to date. A majority of panelists were people of color (62%) and women (63%). This also was a year where the focus of convention was Latinx and immigration issues. A record 280 scholarships for DREAMers and organizers of color were distributed, helping them gain access to activist trainings throughout the event. The Netroots community also participated in a large demonstration against Sheriff Joe Arapaio.

Representative Donna Edwards was the opening keynote speaker. Senator Elizabeth Warren was also among those that gave riveting keynote addresses.

On July 18, 2015, former Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley was interrupted while answering questions at the conference by protestors associated with the Black Lives Matter movement. Black Alliance for Just Immigration staffer and Coordinator of the Black Immigration Network Tia Oso took the stage with O'Malley as the protest group chanted "Black Lives Matter" and "Say Her Name" while calling out the names of black women killed in police custody. Pressed to address his position on the Black Lives Matter movement, O'Malley stated, "Black lives matter, White lives matter, All lives matter," drawing boos from the crowd.[27]

Upon Martin O'Malley's exit, Senator Bernie Sanders stepped onto the stage to make his remarks.

“Senator Sanders then took the stage and was more forceful with the protesters. When they interrupted him, he threatened to simply leave the stage and let them have it. That quieted the protests for a few minutes, but restively.

Rather than tell you all the things Bernie said (you can read it on the live stream) I'll give you my impression of his answer to them.

His answers were structurally correct, but he was talking past them. Sanders spoke of economic issues, which are unquestionably at the core of how to lift up black lives. He spoke of criminal justice but in general terms.

Bernie Sanders' economic justice message is a good one. But Sanders isn't connecting. Until he acknowledges the specific pain in those specific communities and listens to them, he won't connect. Today he didn't listen to them. He talked past them.” .[27]

2016Edit

Netroots Nation was held in St. Louis, Missouri, from July 14–17, 2016.[citation needed] The Convention kicked off with a keynote hosted by This Week In Blackness with hosts Elon James White, L. Joy Williams, and Sonya Renee Taylor interviewed many notable activists including: Jamala Rogers of Organization for Black Struggle; Rika Tyler of Hands Up United; Elle Hearns of Black Lives Matter; Rev. Sekou, Pastor, Author, Theologian and fellow at the Martin Luther King Institute at Stanford; Tef Poe, hip hop artist and co-leader of Hands Up United; CeCe McDonald; Brittany Ferrell and Alexis Templeton of Millennial Activists United.

Friday's keynote included discussion about the intersection of climate change and environmental justice. Speakers included Tom Steyer, president of NextGen Climate; Jacqui Patterson, director of the NAACP’s Environmental and Climate Justice Program; Michelle Romero of Green for All; and Anthony Rogers-Wright, Policy and Organizing Director for Environmental Action. Friday also featured a plenary roundtable discussion on digital culture shifting and increasing racial justice. Speakers included leaders on the frontlines of the 21st century movement for racial justice and civil rights, such as Color of Change’s Rashad Robinson, Linda Sarsour of MPower, Autumn Marie of Black Lives Matter, Malkia Cyril of the Center for Media Justice, and Joe Torres of Free Press. The session was moderated by Samhita Mukhopadhyay of Mic.

Saturday's morning keynote included discussions on the state of abortion access and reproductive justice, including speakers Lizz Winstead of Lady Parts Justice, Pamela Merritt of ReproAction, Laura Jimenez of California Leaders for Reproductive Justice, Aimee Thorne-Thomsen of SisterSong and Representative Jan Schakowsky.

The closing keynote on Saturday included speakers like Representative Keith Ellison and New York Times bestselling author Steve Phillips, who spoke about the importance of fighting together for equality and progress (and against Donald Trump). Attendees also heard from Equality Florida’s Carlos Guillermo Smith, who shared stories and experiences from his hometown of Orlando. Joseph Geevarghese and Brittany Butler with Good Jobs Nation talked about ways American workers can stand up for their economic values. In a video message, Hillary Clinton proposed an amendment to the United States Constitution to reverse the Citizens United v. FEC Supreme Court decision, as well as call for more funding to deal with implicit bias.[28] Angel kyoto Williams closed out the 2016 convention with an uplifting meditation.

2017Edit

 
Elizabeth Warren at the 2017 convention

The 2017 Netroots Nation was held on August 10–13, 2017 in Atlanta, Georgia at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta. This convention was the most diverse event to date, with 69 percent of selected speakers and moderators being people of color.

The opening keynote featured the New Georgia Project's Nse Ufot, Jason Kander, Joe Sanberg, Mustafa Ali, then-FL Gubernatorial Candidate Andrew Gillum, Former Rep. Donna Edwards, then-GA Gubernatorial Candidate Stacey Abrams, and Rep. Barbara Lee.

On Friday, plenary speakers included West Virginia activist Paula Jean Swearengen, former Congressional candidate Randy Bryce, Rep. Ruben Gallego, Kimberle Crenshaw, and Janine Jackson.

Panels featured activists from across the country, members of Congress, top digital practitioners, and those at the forefront of the latest Resistance efforts. A sampling of panel topics include: Making Congress Listen: How to Transform Trump Anger and Movement Energy into Victories on Capitol Hill, Resistance Through the Courts: Our First Line of Defense Against Trump’s Agenda, Pivoting Left: How We Win by Standing Up for Working Families and Embracing Progressive Values, States Resisting: Working with State Lawmakers to Fight the Conservative Agenda, and Leaving It All on the Field: The Midterm Elections in the Resistance Era.

On Saturday, Senator Elizabeth Warren addressed the crowd, as did MD Gubernatorial candidate Ben Jealous. At the closing keynote, Mustafa Ali interviewed Former Vice President Al Gore on climate justice issues and the recent release of the sequel to An Inconvenient Truth, called An Inconvenient Sequel.

As the conference ended, many participants, led by labor organizer Dolores Huerta and others, the marched to the State Capitol Building in protest over the right-wing violence in Charlottesville, VA earlier that day, which resulted in the death of Heather Heyer.

2018Edit

Netroots Nation 2018 was held August 2–4 in New Orleans, Louisiana; attendance estimated at 3,000. The opening keynote featured New Orleans Mayor LaToya Cantrell, and candidate Gina Ortiz Jones. Colette Pinchon Battle of the Gulf Coast Center for Law & Policy spoke about grassroots organizing, and Jackson MS Mayor Chokwe Antar Lumumba challenged the audience to dismantle structural disenfranchisement.


A few quotes from opening night:

"You're in the right city at the right time, and we have an agenda that this country is waiting for. Nobody matters if everybody doesn’t matter!" –Mayor Latoya Cantrell

"In 2016, Democrats spent 75% of their billion dollar war chest going after white moderate and conservative voters—and we know how that turned out ... Our swing vote isn't from red to blue, our swing vote is from non-voter to voter." –Aimee Allison, Democracy in Color.

There was a featured panel discussion (titled "Hidden Figures") led by women of color strategists about how they are organizing in critical states for 2018.


Sens. Elizabeth Warren, Cory Booker and Kamala Harris delivered keynote addresses on Friday [29].

Quotes from Friday:

“We can make a nation where justice rolls down like water and righteousness like a mighty stream,” said Senator Booker. “Everyone wants to talk about patriotism — but that means love of country. To love your country you have to love your people. If you love someone, you see their worth, their dignity, their value, and you see that your destiny is intertwined with theirs."

“The corporations and the wealthy want us to fight each other so we don’t realize it’s their hand in our pocket,” Senator Warren said during her keynote. “It’s time to say no to the politics of division, to the politics of bigotry and fear. We are here to bring working families together and to demand a government that works for all of us."

Among Friday's featured panels was "Race-Class: How to Build a Truly Multi-racial Movement for Racial Justice and Shared Prosperity for all."

At Saturday's closing keynote, Idaho gubernatorial candidate Paulette Jordan, and New York gubernatorial candidate Cynthia Nixon addressed the crowd.[30]Congressional candidate Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez called for social, economic and racial justice for all working class Americans. Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro challenged progressives to reach, register and mobilize the strong majority of Americans who want change now.

2019Edit

Netroots Nation 2019 was held July 11-13 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at the Pennsylvania Convention Center. The estimated attendance was 3,600.

Democratic Party Presidential candidates Julián Castro, Kirsten Gillibrand, Jay Inslee, and Elizabeth Warren were in attendance. Notably, candidate Bernie Sanders did not personally attend, but he was represented by others from his 2020 campaign, including national co-chair Nina Turner.

Also in attendance were Ilhan Omar, Ayanna Pressley, and Rashida Tlaib. They are three of four members of the informal group of freshman U.S. Representatives which includes Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, known as "The Squad", who are all progressive women of color.

The start of the convention took place in the midst of protests, a block away, at 171-year-old Hahnemann University Hospital. The protests were in resistance to the closure of the hospital, by a private equity firm which purchased it 21 months earlier. The hospital provides vital medical and emergency room services, and employs approximately 2500 mostly union workers. The closure would affect mainly poor, black, and Latinx residents. Sanders did come to Philadelphia to attend a Hahnemann protest on July 15.

In popular cultureEdit

Netroots Nation has been featured in numerous references in popular culture, primarily in cable news. After Bill O'Reilly compared Yearly Kos to Nazis, The Colbert Report on August 7, 2007[31] and The Daily Show[32] aired clips. Episode 332 of the American humour and comedy podcast Chapo Trap House featured a review of Netroots Nation. [33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cole, John. "Netroots Nation going to Philadelphia in 2019". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  2. ^ "Helen Gym / Netroots Nation 2019 Philadelphia Announcement". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  3. ^ "Netroots Nation 2019 to be held at PA Convention Center | PA Convention". www.paconvention.com. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  4. ^ Nagourney, Adam (June 10, 2006). "Gathering Highlights Power of the Blog". The New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  5. ^ "And the YearlyKos 2007 location is..." Daily Kos. October 3, 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
  6. ^ Melber, Ari (August 6, 2007). "At YearlyKos, Netroots Come of Age". The Nation. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
  7. ^ "Blogger Convention A Magnet For Politicians". Chicago Tribune. August 4, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  8. ^ Chris Cillizza And Shailagh Murray (August 5, 2007). "The Net Roots' Moment in the Sun". Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2008.
  9. ^ Yglesias, Matthew (August 2, 2018). "Netroots Nation, explained". Vox. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  10. ^ "Bill Clinton's Keynote at Netroots Nation".
  11. ^ Hudson, Lane (August 2009). "Why I interrupted Bill Clinton".
  12. ^ "Don't mask, do yell". GoodAsYou.org.
  13. ^ Bohn, Kevin (July 24, 2010). "Elizabeth Warren warmly embraced at Netroots". CNN Political Ticker. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  14. ^ "Obama Urges Liberals To 'Keep Up The Fight'". AP/NPR. July 24, 2010. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  15. ^ Mahtesian, Charles (July 24, 2010). "The rise of Netroots Nation". Politico. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  16. ^ Stephanie Condon (July 24, 2010). "Reid Makes a Promise to Dan Choi for Gay Rights". CBSNews.com. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  17. ^ Matt Schafer (July 29, 2010). "Help Me Fight the Takeover of Our Media, Franken Says Over the Weekend". Lippmannwouldroll.com. Retrieved October 17, 2010. Without vital Net Neutrality protections, and tough but fair regulation for corporations like Comcast, Franken sees a dark future where the flow of information in the United States will be controlled by just a few multinational corporations.
  18. ^ Neiwert, David (June 19, 2011). "Jill Sobule sings at Netroots: 'They Say They Want Our America Back'". Crooks and Liars. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
  19. ^ "Netroots Nation 2012: June 7-10 in Providence!". Netroots Nation website. August 18, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  20. ^ David Weigel (June 21, 2013): Netroots Nation: First Impressions Slate, retrieved June 22, 2013
  21. ^ Emily Schultheis (June 22, 2013): Nancy Pelosi booed, heckled at Netroots Nation 2013 Politico, retrieved June 22, 2013
  22. ^ "Netroots Nation 2014". The Detroit News. July 21, 2013.
  23. ^ Smith, Tom (July 8, 2014). "Just Down The Street From Netroots Nation: DetCon1". Daily Kos. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
  24. ^ "Mark Ruffalo joins rally against Detroit water shutoffs: 'It's an absolute travesty'". The Washington Times. July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  25. ^ "Onward to Phoenix – Netroots Nation". www.netrootsnation.org.
  26. ^ "Former AZ House Minority Leader John Loredo on Phoenix 2015". July 21, 2014. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  27. ^ a b Kuns, Karoli. "Bernie Sanders And Martin O'Malley Play To A Rough Crowd At Netroots Nation (Updated)". Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  28. ^ "Hillary Clinton will push constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United". Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  29. ^ Weigel, David; Sonmez, Felicia. "At Netroots Nation, Democratic White House hopefuls balance messages of unity, rebellion". Washington Post. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  30. ^ Template:Cite web url=https://www.idahostatesman.com/news/politics-government/election/article216205890.html
  31. ^ "Yearly Kos Convention-The Colbert Report - Video Clip - Comedy Central". Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  32. ^ "Yearly Kos Convention-The Daily Show with Jon Stewart - Video Clip - Comedy Central". Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  33. ^ "Fear of a Netroots Nation feat. Brendan James". Chapo Trap House/Soundcloud. Retrieved July 16, 2019.

External linksEdit