Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal

Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal (Thai: เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล; born 10 September 1996), aka Frank Netiwit, is a student activist, librarian, conscientious objector, publisher, and author. He is also a founder of TERA (Thailand Educational Revolution Alliance) and Education for Liberation of Siam.[1] Both groups aim to reform the Thai education system.

Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal
เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล
นิสิตจุฬาฯ มอบโปสการ์ดประธานศาลฎีกา-ขอสิทธิประกันตัวไผ่ ดาวดิน (7) ครอบตัด.jpg
Born (1996-09-10) 10 September 1996 (age 23)
NationalityThai
Height1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
Signature
เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล.png

Netiwit is one of outspoken activists who against Thai Junta both on his Facebook and in the public. In 2018, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) filed a police complaint against him and six activists for being leaders of the protest[2] and accused them, along with thirty-two other protesters, of violating the 2015 Public Assembly Act.[3], which might cost him 7 - 9 years in jail.

In 2018, Netiwit was announced as 1 of 50 Asians to watch in public and social sector by the Straits Times as an honor to his social works, especially on democracy, education and military conscription.[4]

Netiwit is currently studying at Chulalongkorn University, majoring in political science. He is also the elected student council president at Chulalongkorn University[5] and a librarian at the Santi Pracha Dhamma Library.


Early lifeEdit

Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal was born 10 September 1996 in Bangkok, Thailand. He is the second child of a middle-class family of shopkeepers, growing up in Samut Prakan Province.[6]

TERAEdit

In 2012, Netiwit and a group of fellow students formed TERA (Thailand Education Revolution Alliance). A student led organization, TERA aimed to pressure education authorities to reform the Thai education system. This includes abolishing of the strict uniform codes, increasing the quality of teachers and the curriculum, reducing rote-style education, and increasing the number of public schools.[7] Netiwit gained public recognition after appearing on a television program to speak about the organization and its cause.[8]

Education for Liberation of SiamEdit

Education for Liberation of Siam was formed in December 2013 by Netiwit and other student activists. Netiwit serves as the first secretary of the organization. The purpose of the group is to provide a platform for student activism and disseminating questionable actions and misconduct by authority figures in the Thai education system. In 2014, under the secretary general Nattanan Warintarawet, the organization gained prominence for protesting against educational reforms put in place by the Junta.[9][10][11][12]

Activism at Chulalongkorn UniversityEdit

In July 2016, Netiwit and a friend caused controversy by refusing to prostrate before the statue of King Rama V at an annual Chulalongkorn University event citing that King Rama V himself abolished the act. He received both praise and criticism from the act, notably the ire of General Prayut Chan-o-cha, leader of Thailand's junta.[13][14][15] Netiwit has also spoken out against hazing in a common Thai initiation tradition known as "rub nong" (Thai: รับน้อง; RTGSrap nong; IPA: [ráp nɔ́ːŋ]).[16]

In 2016, Netiwit personally invited activist Joshua Wong to speak at an event commemorating the 1976 Thammasat University massacre. Wong was detained for twelve hours upon entering Thailand but managed to speak to attendees via Skype after being deported.[17][18] In May 2017, Netiwit was elected as Student Council President at Chulalongkorn University.[19][20]

Removal from student councilEdit

Netiwit and seven other members of the student council walked out of an oath-giving ceremony requiring them to prostrate in front of a statue of King Rama VI in symbolic protest. As a result, one of the members was assaulted by a professor, Reungwit Bunjongrat, and the protesting members had their "behavioural scores" cut by the university as punishment. Subsequently, this led to the members, including Netiwit, being removed from their position on the student council.[21][22] Netiwit has since received support from academics and activists internationally,[23] including the Noble Prize laureate Roald Hoffmann, the scholar and political activist Noam Chomsky, and the Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker. In January 2018, seven Nobel laureates sent a petition to Chulalongkorn University to appeal for Netiwit and his seven friends and to criticize the university.[24]

Political caseEdit

2018 sedition chargesEdit

On 25 January 2018, Netiwit joined as an observer in an anti-junta protest organized by the Democracy Restoration Group (DRG) in the subway close to the MBK Center. On 29 January, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) filed a police complaint against him and six activists for being leaders of the protest[2] and accused them, along with thirty-two other protesters, of violating the 2015 Public Assembly Act.[3]

On 8 February, the court released him unconditionally, along with the other thirty-two activists. [25] However, the police sent the appeal to the court, so the case is still not being ruled.

RDN50Edit

On 10 February 2018, Netiwit joined as an observer in an anti-junta protest "Stop power Stop late election time up NCPO. start Democracy" in Mac Donald near Democracy Monument.[26]. Next week, he has been accused for violating the 2015 Public Assembly Act and disturbing peace in the country. The case is still not ruled by the court. [27]

ARMY57Edit

On 24 March 2018, Metiwit joined as an activity of Thammasart University and Royal Thai Army.[28] He has been one of the 57 people accusing by the police for violating the 2015 Public Assembly Act and disturbing peace in the country. The case is still not ruled by the court. [29]

UN 62Edit

On 22 May 2018, Netiwit joined as a protester calling the Junta to give general election to Thai people, and resign from the government. In that day, the protesters went to protest in front of United Nation headquarter in Bangkok. Netiwit did not go there. However, next week he had been accused by the police for violating the 2015 Public Assembly Act and disturbing peace in the country. The case is still not ruled by the court. [30]

In May 2018, the Humboldt University student council stated the public statement on the official website calling on university leaders and student representatives in Germany to stand with him, and asking Thai government to drop all charges against him and others immediately. [31][32]

RecognitionEdit

  • In 2013, Netiwit had been nominated for a National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) award, but he rejected it, stating that he doubts whether the NHRC really takes the human rights issues seriously. [33]
  • In 2018 Netiwit was invited as one of speakers at Oslo Freedom Forum 2018, which sponsored by Human Rights Foundation. [34]
  • In 2018, Netiwit was announced as 1 of 50 Asians to watch in public and social sector by the Straits Times (Singapore Press) as an honor to his social works, especially on democracy, education and military conscription.[4]

PublishingEdit

After he was stripped off from the position of the president of student council, Netiwit and his colleagues founded Sam Nak Nisit Sam Yan Publishing (SCPH), non-profit publisher, with the aim of publishing students’ books and Thai translations of foreign political and philosophical works concerning with human rights and democratic ideas. In the statement on SCPH website it emphasizes to bridge knowledge from the ‘east’ and ‘west’ together in order to promote a secure foundation for upholding human rights both in and out of Thailand as well as the mean to strengthen communication between professors, students and the general public.[35] The first work published by SCPH was the book published during Joshua Wong was in jail due to his conviction overturned by the Hong Kong court in October, 2017. The book, Time is on our side: A birthday book for Joshua Wong’, which translated by Netiwit himself, contained translated essays from Martin Luther King Jr. ( Letter from Birmingham Jail) and Liu Xiaobo (Tiananmen Square: The hunger strike declaration, 2 June 1989), as well as a translated interview with Joshua Wong. After that SCPH has published the work of philosopher such as Isaiah Berlin, Liu Xiaobo, Cass Sunstein, Timothy Snyder, Vaclav Havel, Rebecca Solnit as well as many activism work.[36]Joshua Wong, a prominent activist, said about the publishing as ‘Sam Nak Nisit Samyang Publishing offers to youngsters of Thai a lesson on how to confront authoritarian oppression under hard-line policy of the regime’[37]

Writing and TranslatingEdit

Netiwit has written many books on the Thai education he experience in general and his school in particular; His well known book is ‘A Bad Student In an Excellent Educational System’ concerning his struggle in high school. He also wrote the opinion on Thai politics, and on Chinese abusing human rights of Uighurs, Hong Kong and Tibetans. In 2018, he wrote a pamphlet called ‘I Can Love My Country Without Having to be Drafted’ explaining why he think the enforced conscription in Thailand is obsolete. [38] Netiwit translated Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail and Liu Xiaobo's Second June Hunger Strike Declaration to raise funds for the twenty-first birthday of his friend Joshua Wong, who was in jail at the time. Netiwit has also worked with his friends to translate a selection of Isaiah Berlin's essays into Thai and sent it to Deputy Police Commissioner Pol General Srivara Ransibrahmanakul which charged Netiwit with false PR.[39] He also translated ‘On Tyranny’ by Timothy Snyder as well as work of Vaclav Havel, Thomas Paine, Noam Chomsky and Tony Judt. Netiwit stated his opinion against Chinese abusing human rights of minorities he launched his Thai translated book 'I Have No Enemies' the first collected essays of the late Liu Xiaobo, Chinese dissidents, in which Joshua Wong and Perry Link wrote the forward, and translated work on Uighur devastating situation in China. [40]


BibliographyEdit

Books writtenEdit

  • ให้เธอไว้อ่านเล่น:คำประกาศความเป็นไทในโรงเรียน (2014)[41]
  • ประวัติศาสตร์ที่อยากอธิบาย (2015)[42]
  • นักเรียนเลวในระบบการศึกษาแสนดี (2016)[43]
  • โลกเปลี่ยน โรงเรียนต้องเปลี่ยน (2017)[44]
  • ประเทศไทยเปลี่ยน เกณฑ์ทหารต้องเปลี่ยน (2018)[45]
  • ฝันให้ไกล ไปให้ถึง: ประชาธิปไตยในระดับนิสิตนักศึกษา (2018)[46]
  • เอาชีวิตรอดในจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย (2018)

Books translationEdit

  • เวลาอยู่ข้างเรา: หนังสือวันเกิดโจชัว หว่อง (Time is on Our Side: A Book for Joshua Wong's 21st Birthday) แปลโดย เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล และภวัต อัครพิพัฒนา (กรุงเทพฯ: มูลนิธิเสฐียรโกเศศ-นาคะประทีป, 2017)[47]
  • แด่ศตวรรษของเรา: ความเรียงสามชิ้นของไอเซยา เบอร์ลิน (Messages to Our Century: Three Essays of Isaiah Berlin) แปลโดย เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล ชยางกูร ธรรมอัน และธรณ์เทพ มณีเจริญ (กรุงเทพฯ: มูลนิธิเสฐียรโกเศศ-นาคะประทีป, 2018)[48]
  • ว่าด้วยทรราชย์: 20 บทเรียนจากศตวรรษที่ 20 (On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century) โดย ทิโมธี สไนเดอร์ แปลโดย เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล และชยางกูร ธรรมอัน บรรณาธิการแปลโดย วริตตา ศรีรัตนา (กรุงเทพฯ: สำนักพิมพ์สำนักนิสิตสามย่าน, 2018)[49]
  • ตัวข้าไซร้ ไร้ศัตรู: บทความคัดสรรของหลิว เสี่ยวโป (I Have No Enemies: Selected Essays of Liu Xiaobo) โดย หลิว เสี่ยวโป แปลโดย เนติวิทย์ โชติภัทร์ไพศาล ชยางกูร และคณะ (กรุงเทพฯ: สำนักพิมพ์สำนักนิสิตสามย่าน, 2018)


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fall into line, youngsters" (Bangkok Post, 20 July 2014).
  2. ^ a b "Thirty-five Thai activists report to police after junta protest". 8 February 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  3. ^ a b "39 Activists Charged in Thailand...For Promoting Democracy". Human Rights Watch. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "50 Asians to watch". The Straits Times. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Netiwit's monument gesture fires up internet" (Bangkok Post, 20 July 2016).
  6. ^ "Meet Asia's Newest Young Fighter for Democracy". Time. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  7. ^ Ltd.Thailand, VOICE TV. "Voice TV 21". VoiceTV. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  8. ^ Fuller, Thomas (28 May 2013). "Thai Students Find Government Ally in Push to Relax School Regimentation". Retrieved 10 May 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ "Thai Army TV bans student activist after she asks about coup - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  10. ^ "No anti-coup student activists show up at junta's reform forum - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Education for Liberation of Siam urge junta to reconsider education reform - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Junta intimidates high school student opposing 12 Thai values - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  13. ^ "PressReader.com - Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  14. ^ Thaitrakulpanich, Asaree; Reporter, Staff (25 September 2016). "Thorn in the Pillar: Freshman Makes Enemies Upsetting Tradition. Allies Too". khaosodenglish.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  15. ^ "PM scolds student activist for plan to change university's prostration custom". The Nation. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  16. ^ Skulratana, Thanikarn; Humanities, Faculty of; EC) (Master), Asian Studies (60; Studies, Southeast Asian; s1682067 (10 May 2019). "The Effects of the 'Rub Nong' Tradition towards Thai University Freshmen". openaccess.leidenuniv.nl. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Hong Kong Activist Joshua Wong Detained in Thailand". Time. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Thai activist invites Hong Kong's Joshua Wong to address Bangkok students". South China Morning Post. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  19. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Winds of change: Chula's new student president Netiwit". https://www.bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  20. ^ "Anti-establishment Netiwit to lead Chula student council". The Nation. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  21. ^ Rojanaphruk, Pravit; Writer, Senior Staff (7 August 2017). "Chula Retracts Statement Sliming Student, Yet Bad Taste Lingers". khaosodenglish.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  22. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Netiwit removed from student council". https://www.bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  23. ^ "Over a hundred academics, including Noam Chomsky, stand for Netiwit - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  24. ^ http://www.atimes.com/choked-death-free-speech-grip-thailands-strongmen/
  25. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "'MBK39' walk free during investigation". https://www.bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  26. ^ No.5, Admin (14 March 2018). "เนติวิทย์รับทราบข้อหาคดีคนอยากเลือกตั้งราชดำเนิน". tlhr2014.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  27. ^ https://www.pressreader.com/thailand/bangkok-post/20180406/281556586393385
  28. ^ prachachat (17 May 2018). "สั่งฟ้อง "เนติวิทย์-พวก" 45 คน ชุมนุม "อยากเลือกตั้ง" หน้ากองทัพบก". prachachat.net. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  29. ^ "57 individuals prosecuted for protesting against military - Prachatai English". prachatai.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  30. ^ "รวมตัวหน้ายูเอ็น! 'โรม'นำม็อบอยากเลือกตั้ง เดินทางรับทราบข้อหาสน.นางเลิ้ง". https://www.naewna.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  31. ^ https://www.refrat.de/article/news.solierklaerung1805.html
  32. ^ "StuPa — StudentInnenparlament". vertretungen.hu-berlin.de. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  33. ^ CityNews. "Famous Student 'Frank' Rejects Human Rights Award". Chiang Mai Citylife. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  34. ^ Forum, Oslo Freedom. "Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal - Speakers". Oslo Freedom Forum. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  35. ^ https://samyanpress.org/en/about-us/
  36. ^ https://samyanpress.org/activists/
  37. ^ https://samyanpress.org/en/about-us/
  38. ^ https://prachatai.com/english/node/7798
  39. ^ http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/politics/30339871
  40. ^ https://www.netiwit.com/en/2018/11/09/%E0%B8%95%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%82%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%B2%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%89-%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%A8%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%95%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B9-%E0%B8%AB%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%B1/
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  43. ^ "นักเรียนเลวในระบบการศึกษาแสนดี". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  44. ^ "WAY to READ: โลกเปลี่ยน โรงเรียนต้องเปลี่ยน - waymagazine.org - นิตยสาร WAY". waymagazine.org. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  45. ^ "สั่งซื้อหนังสือ "ประเทศไทยเปลี่ยน เกณฑ์ทหารต้องเปลี่ยน"". Google Docs. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  46. ^ ""ข้อเสนอเรื่องการไหว้ครูของเนติวิทย์" มองการบังคับทำลายความสัมพันธ์ที่แท้จริง". https://www.posttoday.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  47. ^ "Foreword - NETIWIT CHOTIPHATPHAISAL - NETIWIT NTW". netiwit.com. 4 March 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  48. ^ berlin.wolf.ox.ac.uk/lists/translations/three-essays.pdf
  49. ^ "ว่าด้วยทรราชย์". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.

External linksEdit