Nestoritherium is an extinct genus of chalicothere; it has been dated to have lived from the late Miocene to the Early Pleistocene (11.6–0.781 mya). This range makes Nestoritherium the most recently dated chalicothere to date. It has been found in fossil sites in Myanmar and China.
The genus Nestoritherium was erected by German paleontologist Johann Jakob Kaup in 1859 for the species then known as Chalicotherium sivalense, itself named in 1843 by Falconer and Cautley from early Pleistocene material from India.
Nestoritherium fuguense was named from partial lower jaw and palate material from Miocene beds in Fugu County, China in 2014.
Material consisting of a fragmentary upper and lower molar recovered from the (early Pleistocene) Irrawaddy Formation in Myanmar has been referred to the genus Nestoritherium. A femur of possible chalicothere origin was recovered from Pliocene deposits in Yenangyaung in 1897.
- Chinese Fossil Vertebrates by Spencer G. Lucas
- "A NEW SPECIES OF CHALICOTHERIINAE (PERISSODACTYLA,MAMMALIA) FROM THE LATE MIOCENE IN THE LINXIA BASIN OF GANSU,CHINA--《Vertebrata PalAsiatica》2012年01期". en.cnki.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- "New Chalicothere Species Found From the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin of Gansu, China----Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences". english.ivpp.cas.cn. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- "Fossilworks: Nestoritherium". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- Colbert, E. H. (1935). "The Proper Use of the Generic Name Nestoritherium". Journal of Mammalogy. 16 (3): 233–234. doi:10.1093/jmammal/16.3.233.
- Xue, Xiang-Xu & Deng, Tao & Coombs, Margery & Zhang, Yun-Xiang (2014). "New chalicothere materials from the Late Miocene of Fugu, Shaanxi, China". Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 52: 401–426.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Tsubamoto, Takehisa; Zin-Maung-Maung-Thein; ThaungHtike; Egi, Naoko; Chit-Sein,; Maung-Maung,; Takai, Masanaru (2006). "Discovery of chalicothere and Dorcabune from the upper part (lower Pleistocene) of the Irrawaddy Formation, Myanmar" (PDF). Asian Paleoprimatology. 4: 137–142.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Hooijer, Dirk Albert (1951). "A Femur of a (?) Chalicothere from the Pliocene of Upper Burma". Journal of Mammalogy. 32 (4): 467–468. doi:10.1093/jmammal/32.4.467.
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