Nepali Mandir

Shri Samrajeswar Pashupatinath Mahadev Mandir, also known as the Nepali Mandir (Hindi: नेपाली मंदिर), Kanthwala Mandir and Mini Khajuraho (Kanthwala in Hindi means wooden), is one of the oldest and most famous temples in the holy city of Varanasi. This temple has great religious importance in Hinduism and is dedicated to the Lord Shiva. Constructed in the 19th century A.D by the King of Nepal, the temple is made of terracotta, stone and wood and is replica of the Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu.[1][2][3][4][5]

Nepali Mandir
नेपाली मंदिर
Nepali Temple exterior, Varanasi.jpg
Nepali Mandir in Varanasi
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictVaranasi
DeityLord Shiva
FestivalsMahashivratri
Nag Panchami
Location
LocationLalita Ghat, Varanasi
StateUttar Pradesh
Country India
Nepali Mandir is located in Varanasi district
Nepali Mandir
Temple location on Varanasi district map
Geographic coordinates25°18′35″N 83°00′46″E / 25.309821°N 83.012859°E / 25.309821; 83.012859Coordinates: 25°18′35″N 83°00′46″E / 25.309821°N 83.012859°E / 25.309821; 83.012859
Architecture
TypePagoda
CreatorRana Bahadur Shah &
Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah Deva
(King of Nepal)
Completed1843
Elevation78.161 m (256 ft)

HistoryEdit

The King of Nepal, Rana Bahadur Shah took exile in Varanasi from 1800 to 1804 and titled himself as "Swami Nirgunanda". During his exile, he decided to build a replica of Pashupatinath Temple in Varanasi. Construction of the temple commenced during his exile / stay in Varanasi. During the construction, Shah moved back to Nepal. On 25 April 1806, Rana Bahadur Shah was stabbed to death by his stepbrother, Sher Bahadur Shah. His son Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah Deva completed the project 20 years after the deadline. The land was later transferred to Rana Bahadur Shah by Kashi Naresh in the year 1843. The temple, adjacent area, Lalita Ghat and a dharamshala, belongs to the Nepal government.[1][2][3][4][5]

ConstructionEdit

 
Nepali Devasthan in Kashi, late 1860s by Samuel Bourne

The mandir is made of terracotta, stone and wood and took three decades to complete. The wood is termite proof. It is constructed in Nepali style of architecture and is surrounded by tamarind and ficus religiosa (peepal) trees. The temple has Pagoda style architecture, mainly carved out of wood. It has sculptures similar to ones displayed in Khajuraho Group of Monuments and hence it is also called "Mini Khajuraho".[1][2][3][4][5]

LocationEdit

Nepali Mandir is located on Lalita Ghat in Varanasi. It is 3.8 kilometers South-East of Varanasi Junction railway station and 100 meters South-West of Manikarnika Ghat.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Nepali Mandir". ixigo.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "A piece of Nepal in Varanasi". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "This ghat of Goddess Lalita". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Kathwala Temple". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Information". buzzntravel. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Location". Google Maps. Retrieved 8 August 2015.