Nepalese non-government organisations in Hong Kong

Nepalese non-government organisations in Hong Kong consist of all the community-based non-government organisations (NGOs) set up to assist the Nepalese ethnic minority communities living in Hong Kong. The NGOs work with the communities to meet various needs: social care, education, sports, music, and so on. These NGOs were established or founded by various ethnic groups ranging from Chinese to Nepalese themselves. Some of them have their own communicating channels within the community or even to their fellow countrymen outside. Most NGOs are periodically active. A few NGO groups operate continuously and are active in different levels.[citation needed]

NGOs serving Nepalese in Hong Kong can be mainly categorised into two types: either founded by Hong Kong Nepalese or Hong Kong Chinese. Some NGOs, of which organisers are hardly traceable, are categorised as “others”.

Some Nepalese NGOs organised purely by Nepalese, like the Hong Kong Integrated Nepalese Society, focuses on providing services and aid for Nepalese in Hong Kong.

The NGOs organised largely by Chinese serve various ethnic minorities including Nepalese, such as Southern Democratic Alliance,[1] Christian Action (Integrated Service Centre for Ethnic Minorities) and the Hong Kong Christian Service.[2] Southern Democratic Alliance aims at uniting South Asians and Hong Kong people together. It demands stronger anti-discrimination laws and tries to satisfy the desires of South Asians, especially Nepalese.[citation needed] Christian Actions has been serving the ethnic minorities since 2003, especially those in Yau Tsim Mong and Kwun Tong.[3]

Apart from the above, some NGOs categorized as “others” are difficult to trace but fragmented records can be found in different documents or media. It is arduous to reach their chairmen or members to prove their visibility. Hong Kong Tamang Ghedung ( Association ), Lamjung Sewa Samiti, Hong Kong, Miteri Service Committee, Hong Kong and Hong Kong Terhathum Forum are some examples.

Contribution / Works of Nepalese NGOs in Hong KongEdit

Voicing out for Nepalese in PublicEdit

Nepalese NGOs voice out for Hong Kong Nepalese in public through organising protests and commenting on social issues respectively. There was a protest organised by Hong Kong Nepalese Federation[4] in light of a Hong Kong policeman's fatal shooting of Bahadur Limbu on March 17, 2009. The protestors demanded an apology and a fair investigation about Limbu's death. They urged to suspend the current Constable, Ka-Ki Hui from force-involving duties during the course of investigation. They also demanded an English inquest for the case.[5][6][7][8]

The NGOs also make commentaries on social issues through the media and in some meetings of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. For example, the president of Hong Kong Nepalese Security Guard, Palungwa Dil Bahadur stated that the minimum wage should be more than $35 when being interviewed.[9][10] The Far East Overseas Nepalese Association (Hong Kong) commented on the consultation document of Race Discrimination Ordinance.[11]

Community ServicesEdit

Nepalese NGOs provide six types of community services basically. First is integration. Hong Kong Integrated Nepalese Society (HINS) conducts English classes regularly.[12] The second is social care. HINS has been holding a blood donating program together with Hong Kong Red Cross Society on the occasion of Lord Buddha’s birthday since 2004.[12] The third is about education. HINS organises programmes to arouse parents’ awareness against drug abuse to prevent the young Nepalese from taking drugs.[12]

The Nepalese NGOs organise lots of festivals to celebrate their national culture and religions as well. Dashin and Tihar (incorporating Deepawali Festival) are celebrated by the Far East Dharan Hong Kong Forum, Urlabari Pariwar Hong Kong[13] and the Magar Association Hong Kong.[14] Teej Festival is celebrated by the HINS[15] and Baglung Society Hong Kong.[16] Besides Newar Samaj, Hong Kong celebrates Newar New Year and Mha Puja every year.[17]

There are annual activities to promote their culture, such as the NRN Day organised by the Non-Resident Nepali Association Hong Kong (NRNA HK). Actually the NRN Day is also organised around the world every year by different branches of the NRNA.[18] The Hong Kong Nepali Kala Mandir organises the Nepali Cultural Week every year, usually with Nepalese parades, dances and singing.[19]

There are some online platforms like HKNepal.com, Alopalo.com, HongKongNepali.com, jpthk.com and khursani.com, which let Nepalese exchange the information and opinions. They sponsor and report events as well. Moreover, HINS held a discussion forum on anti-legislation drafting consultation. The language used was Nepalese with little English.

Some Nepalese NGOs help directing Nepalese to the government like the Nepalese Community Support Team, locating in Jordan. It aims at providing information about various governmental services and assisting elderly, the disabled and single parents to approach relevant services.[20]

LeisureEdit

Mainly four kinds of sport associations are founded by Nepalese in Hong Kong to cater Nepalese needs: football, tennis, taekwondo and bodybuilding.

For football, Hong Kong Nepalese Football Association (HKNFA) aims at promoting football within the Nepalese communities in Hong Kong, especially among the youth.[21] Deurali Football Club is one of the football clubs under HKNFA. It encourages Nepalese youth to play football and makes a pure Nepalese Football Team participate in the Hong Kong League.[22] For tennis, Hong Kong Nepalese Tennis Society is founded to gather Nepalese tennis fans in Hong Kong and organises tennis competitions.[23] Furthermore, Hong Kong Nepalese Taekwondo Association aims at fostering friendship between Taekwondo players of various races and holds up-grading tests for members.[24] Lastly, the Hong Kong Nepal Bodybuilding Association is active in holding conventions, press conferences and Mr. Nepal - Hong Kong China Bodybuilding Championships.[25][dubious ]

Moreover, there is a music organisation, Hong Kong Nepalese Rock Forum, which enables its members to share musical information and promotes young Nepalese music talents.[26][dubious ]

ReligionEdit

Punarjiwan Society was established by Volunteer Recovering Nepali Ex-addicts to help Nepali recovery addicts in yau Ma tei. Religious needs of Hong Kong Nepalese are also met by the Nepalese NGOs. For Christianity, there are seven Nepalese Christian Churches: the United Nepali Christian Church (UNCC), Hosanna Nepali Church and the Nepali Union Church. UNCC holds masses twice a week while the other two are on every Sunday. They aim at promoting Christian teachings among Hong Kong Nepalese.[27]

For Hinduism, Sathya Sai Baba Center of Hong Kong [28][dubious ] is a recognized Hong Kong Nepalese charity. It has six bhajan groups and publishes Sai Quarterly newsletter and Sai Sarathi. They conduct value-based education through different kind of activities.

Apart from Christianity and Hinduism, Heavenly Path Hong Kong registered in 2006 promotes thoughts of the Supreme Master Almighty Godangel.[29][dubious ]

Support for Business of Nepalese in Hong Kong and Investments in NepalEdit

Nepalese NGOs also support the business of Hong Kong Nepalese and their investments in Nepal. Nepal Chamber of Commerce Hong Kong (HCCHK) provides an updating database listing information of potential buyers and sellers. It also updates with business leads and attracts frequent users from different countries. Business news, economic analysis and Hong Kong Government tenders, members and company profiles are provided as well. Furthermore, it is a representative to discuss business matters with the government.[30] Apart from helping local Nepalese business, HCCHK and Non-Resident Nepali Association Hong Kong facilitate foreign investments in Nepal.[31]

Visibility in Hong KongEdit

Opinions from people other than Hong Kong NepaleseEdit

GovernmentEdit

Nepalese did appear in the documents of government. Hong Kong Nepalese Federation and HINS signed the Briefing on Hong Kong's Race Discrimination Bill (RDB) prepared for the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of racial discrimination in 2008. RDB was passed and has been operating since 2009.[31] Besides, Nepalese is put under the category named “ethnic minority population” in the population census of 2001 and 2006 by the Census and Statistics Department.

MediaEdit

Nepalese NGOs seldom appear in media platform in Hong Kong. There was a protest with more than 2000 Hong Kong ethnic minority participants, mostly Nepalese, after Limbu was shot dead by a policeman in 2009. Reports were made on all major press like the TVB, Apple Daily, Oriental Daily and the South China Morning Post. This was the only major incident involving Nepalese reported by the mainstream media.

The Nepalese also sometimes appear on some alternative media platforms. Hong Kong In-media always speaks up for the ethnic minorities in Hong Kong.[32] Since 2003, the RTHK has been running the AM864, which lasts for 30 minutes, to cater Nepalese audiences’ needs.[33] Also, there was an episode of a TV programme, Hong Kong Story, by RTHK in 2009. It praised Nepalese contributions to Hong Kong as vanguards of British troops during World War I, II and as helpers for Hong Kong Police during the British colonial period.[34] However, the Nepalese have had a negative image in the Chinese mainstream media, which tend to stereotype the Nepalese in Hong Kong as illegal immigrants or lazy vagrants. For the reports about Limbu being shot dead, only in the reports of Mingpao and Economic Daily was Limbu portrayed as harmless instead of being a villain.

Descriptions by Hong Kong Nepalese themselvesEdit

Some Nepalese organisations representatives explain their invisibility with the following reasons. During Nepalese Cultural Week, Rai Kamala, the principal of Sagarmatha commented that Nepalese culture and religion could live in communion with Hong Kong people. However, the language is the barrier. Also he hoped that the government would pay attention to their education problem.[35] Besides, Mr. Kisan Rai, reported by the Everest Weekly, stressed their identity as Hong Kong people and the peaceful manner of their protest during the protest .[36][dubious ]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ethnic Minorities". Southern Democratic Alliance. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Christian Action : Shine Centre". Christian-action.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  4. ^ Hong Kong Nepalese Federation Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine. JPTHK.com. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  5. ^ Lam, Anita (30 March 2009). "2,000 march over fatal police shooting - coalition of groups demands impartial investigation into death of Nepali man". South China Morning Post.
  6. ^ Lee, Diana(2 September 2009). "Family call for use of English in cop kill case" Archived 2013-12-13 at the Wayback Machine. Hong Kong: The Standard
  7. ^ Tsang, Phyllis (12 March 2010). Nepali widow protests over prolonged inquest. South China Morning Post.
  8. ^ "王岸然,2009年4月1日,警隊護短與歧視實為港人之恥,信報財經新聞,. (Coast contingent, (April 1, 2009). "The police force shield their mistakes and discrimination implemented for the shame of the people of Hong Kong", Hong Kong Economic Journal)" P14.
  9. ^ "Hong Kong Nepalese Security Guard talks about the minimum wage". YouTube. Retrieved October 25, 2010.[dubious ]
  10. ^ Dak Kit, Miu. (Jan 19, 2009). Hong Kong: Nepali security staff demand a living wage[permanent dead link]. chinaworker.info.
  11. ^ "Race Discrimination Ordinance and I." (April 11, 2010). Equal Opportunities Commission Hong Kong. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  12. ^ a b c "Major Activities". Hong Kong Integrated Nepalese Society. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  13. ^ "Urlabari Pariwar Hong Kong Celebrating Deepawali 2010". Dharan HK Forum. Retrieved November 1, 2010.[dubious ]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ "Nepalese women celebrate women's festival 'Teej' ". Hongkongnepali.com. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  17. ^ "Photo Gallery of Functions of Newar Samaj Hong Kong" Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine. Jhinewah.org. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  18. ^ "NRN Day 2010 Hong Kong- Opening Ceremony" Archived 2011-07-15 at the Wayback Machine. Ratedesi.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010
  19. ^ "龍緯汶,2008年11月20日,啹喀的「深淡」.心淡 (3)一群被遺忘的英雄,獨立媒體". Inmediahk.net. (Chinese).
  20. ^ "全身脱毛 安い". Hinshk.org. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
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  22. ^ Like Loading... (2008-06-27). "About Us | Deurali Football Club". Deuralifc.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  23. ^ [5]
  24. ^ "Revolution Taekwondo Association Hong Kong | Revolution". Hknta.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  25. ^ "Hong Kong Nepal Bodybuilding Association- Second Convention 2010". YouTube. 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  26. ^ [6]
  27. ^ "黃東霞、蔣翠碧、謝建國,2007年7月, 香港尼泊爾人事工初探,《環球華人宣教學期刊》第九期". (Huang Dongxia Chiang Chui Bi Xie Jianguo, July 2007, "Hong Kong Nepalese personnel work of the Global Alliance Church teaching journal Ninth")
  28. ^ "Sathya Sai Baba Centre of Hong Kong". Saibaba.org.hk. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  29. ^ "Heavenly Path Hong Kong | Facebook". Ko-kr.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  30. ^ [7]
  31. ^ a b [8]
  32. ^ 龍緯汶. 2008年11月20日. 啹喀的「深淡」.心淡 (5). 獨立媒體. 取自. (LUNG. November 20, 2008. Geu Cameroon "deep short." The disheartened (5). Independent media.)
  33. ^ "香港電台旅遊百科,2010年11月18日." Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine. (Radio Television Hong Kong Tourism Wikipedia, November 18, 2010.). Wiki.[dubious ]
  34. ^ 唐敏明,2009年,«香港故事» 之「啹喀﹕被遺忘的英雄」,香港故事(第八輯),香港電台. (Tang Minming, 2009, to Geu Cameroon: The Forgotten Hero (eighth) of the story of Hong Kong, Hong Kong radio)[dubious ]
  35. ^ 在香港的尼泊爾人 (2007-12-27. "Nepalese in Hong Kong". SINA Corporation,). Blog. December 27, 2007.[dubious ]
  36. ^ "hk32168.com". hk32168.com. Retrieved 2016-07-30.

External linksEdit