Nepal Workers Peasants Party
The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP) or Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 23 January 1975 by Narayan Man Bijukchhe. The party enjoys most of its support from Bhaktapur. The party is sympathetic to the Workers' Party of Korea in North Korea, as well as the Juche ideology.
|Chairman||Narayan Man Bijukchhe|
|Founder||Narayan Man Bijukchhe|
|Founded||23 January 1975|
|Split from||CPN (Pushpa Lal)|
|Student wing||Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union|
|Youth wing||Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union|
|Women's wing||Nepal Revolutionary Women's Union|
|Peasant wing||Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union|
|Cultural wing||Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union|
|Teacher wing||Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union|
|Workers' union||Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union|
|Seats in Pratinidhi Sabha|
1 / 275
|Seats in Provincial Assemblies|
2 / 110(Bagmati Province)
The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party was founded as the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organization on in Nepal on 23 January 1975.
The NPWO had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan, together with the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal, and the Mazdoor Kisan Sangram Samiti.
In 1981 the NWPO split, and two separate parties came into existence. One party was led by Narayan Man Bijukchhe, which later became the Nepal Workers and Peasants Party and the other was led by Hareram Sharma.
Jana Andholan I and II (1990-2007)Edit
Bijukchhe's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and took part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It participated in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left shortly before the 1991 election. The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party and contested the election separately. It fielded 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party received a total of 91,335 votes, or 1.25%.
Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies, the NWPP formed an electoral coalition with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist), and Nepal Communist League.
NWPP was active in the protest movements against repression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of a democratic system, the party decided not to join the government, but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance, which later converted into the Eight Party Alliance. When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Bijukchhe was joined by three other nominated MPs.
Constituent Assembly and Federal Nepal (2008-present)Edit
The party contested the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections and won four seats to the Constituent Assembly. The party also had one nominated member. In the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections, the party again won four seats. The party voted for Khadga Prasad Oli in the prime minister election on 12 October 2015.
In the 2017 local elections, the party won 99 seats to local government and won one mayoral position in with Sunil Prajapati being elected as the mayor of Bhaktapur Municipality. The party also contested the 2017 legislative and provincial elections as they won one seat to the House of Representatives and two seats to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3.
The guiding principle of the Nepal Workers Peasants party is Juche and the guiding economic principle is scientific socialism. After visiting North Korea, party leader Narayan Man Bijukchhe has attempted to implement the governing policies of Juche into the city of Bhaktapur. Portraits of the Kim dynasty can be found at the party headquarters in Bhaktapur. The party sees political independence and economic self-sustenance as the cornerstones of development. The party also sees India as an imperialist force working against Nepalese self-interest.
|Election||Leader||Constituency votes||Party list votes||Seats||Position||Resulting government|
|#||%||% change||#||%||% change||#||+/-|
|1991||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||91,335||1.25||
2 / 205
|1994||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||75,072||0.98||0.27||
4 / 205
|1999||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||48,015||0.56||0.42||
1 / 205
|2008||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||65,908||0.64||0.08||74,089||0.69||
4 / 575
|2013||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||54,323||0.60||0.04||66,778||0.71||0.02||
4 / 575
|2017||Narayan Man Bijukchhe||52,668||0.52||0.08||56,141||0.59[a]||0.12||
1 / 275
- Represented as Independent for not reaching the 3% threshold
|Provincial Assembly||Election Year||Votes||Seats||Resulting government|
|# of votes in PR||% of votes in PR||#||Position|
2 / 110
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nepal Workers Peasants Party.|
- Lee, Seulki (Apr 29 – May 5, 2016). "City of devotees devotes itself to development". Nepali Times. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
- "Nepal's left warns of Indian interference posing as relief". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
- "Locals unimpressed with major parties' development agenda". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
- Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6.
- Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
- Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
- Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
- "name list of mp". 2007-06-09. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
- "UML's Oli elected new PM". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
- "Prajapati elected Bhaktapur mayor". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
- "NWPP wins elections in Bhaktapur-1". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
- "Ousted fringe parties have footing in state assemblies". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
- Author, No. "Bhaktapur's Dear Leader | Nation | Nepali Times". archive.nepalitimes.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
- "In this Nepali city, the North Korean dream is alive—and it's thriving". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.