Nepal Workers Peasants Party

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP) or Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party[2] (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 23 January 1975 by Narayan Man Bijukchhe. The party enjoys most of its support from Bhaktapur.[3] The party is sympathetic to the Workers' Party of Korea in North Korea, as well as the Juche ideology.

Nepal Workers Peasants Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
AbbreviationNMKP
ChairmanNarayan Man Bijukchhe
FounderNarayan Man Bijukchhe
Founded23 January 1975 (46 years ago) (1975-01-23)
Split fromCPN (Pushpa Lal)
HeadquartersGolmadhi, Bhaktapur
NewspaperMajdoor
Student wingNepal Revolutionary Students' Union
Youth wingNepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
Women's wingNepal Revolutionary Women's Union
Peasant wingNepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
Cultural wingNepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union
Teacher wingNepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
Workers' unionNepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
IdeologyJuche[1]
Communism
Political positionFar-left
ColorsRed
Seats in Pratinidhi Sabha
1 / 275
Seats in Provincial Assemblies
2 / 110
(Bagmati Province)
Election symbol
Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party.svg
Party flag
Nepali Workers Peasants Party flag.png
Website
www.nwpp.org.np[dead link]

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party was founded as the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organization on in Nepal on 23 January 1975.[4]

The NPWO had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan, together with the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal, and the Mazdoor Kisan Sangram Samiti.

In 1981 the NWPO split, and two separate parties came into existence. One party was led by Narayan Man Bijukchhe, which later became the Nepal Workers and Peasants Party and the other was led by Hareram Sharma.[5]

Jana Andholan I and II (1990-2007)Edit

 
Installing posters for the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, at a hiti (public fountain) in Thamel

Bijukchhe's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and took part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It participated in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left shortly before the 1991 election.[6] The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party and contested the election separately. It fielded 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party received a total of 91,335 votes, or 1.25%.

Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies, the NWPP formed an electoral coalition with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist), and Nepal Communist League.[7]

 
NWPP mural in Bhaktapur

NWPP was active in the protest movements against repression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of a democratic system, the party decided not to join the government, but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance, which later converted into the Eight Party Alliance. When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Bijukchhe was joined by three other nominated MPs.[8]

Constituent Assembly and Federal Nepal (2008-present)Edit

The party contested the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections and won four seats to the Constituent Assembly. The party also had one nominated member. In the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections, the party again won four seats. The party voted for Khadga Prasad Oli in the prime minister election on 12 October 2015.[9]

In the 2017 local elections, the party won 99 seats to local government and won one mayoral position in with Sunil Prajapati being elected as the mayor of Bhaktapur Municipality.[10] The party also contested the 2017 legislative and provincial elections as they won one seat to the House of Representatives and two seats to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3.[11][12]

IdeologyEdit

The guiding principle of the Nepal Workers Peasants party is Juche and the guiding economic principle is scientific socialism.[13] After visiting North Korea, party leader Narayan Man Bijukchhe has attempted to implement the governing policies of Juche into the city of Bhaktapur. Portraits of the Kim dynasty can be found at the party headquarters in Bhaktapur.[14] The party sees political independence and economic self-sustenance as the cornerstones of development. The party also sees India as an imperialist force working against Nepalese self-interest.[15]

Electoral performanceEdit

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Leader Constituency votes Party list votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % % change # % % change # +/-
1991 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 91,335 1.25
2 / 205
8th In opposition
1994 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 75,072 0.98   0.27
4 / 205
  2   7th In opposition
1999 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 48,015 0.56   0.42
1 / 205
  3   10th In opposition
2008 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 65,908 0.64   0.08 74,089 0.69
4 / 575
  3   14th In opposition
2013 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 54,323 0.60   0.04 66,778 0.71   0.02
4 / 575
    15th In opposition
2017 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 52,668 0.52   0.08 56,141 0.59[a]   0.12
1 / 275
  3   11th In opposition
  1. ^ Represented as Independent for not reaching the 3% threshold

Provincial electionsEdit

Provincial Assembly Election Year Votes Seats Resulting government
# of votes in PR % of votes in PR # Position
Bagmati 2017 41,610 2.20
2 / 110
5th In opposition

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Seulki (Apr 29 – May 5, 2016). "City of devotees devotes itself to development". Nepali Times. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  2. ^ "Nepal's left warns of Indian interference posing as relief". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
  3. ^ "Locals unimpressed with major parties' development agenda". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  4. ^ Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6.
  5. ^ Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
  6. ^ Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
  7. ^ Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
  8. ^ "name list of mp". 2007-06-09. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  9. ^ "UML's Oli elected new PM". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  10. ^ "Prajapati elected Bhaktapur mayor". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  11. ^ "NWPP wins elections in Bhaktapur-1". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  12. ^ "Ousted fringe parties have footing in state assemblies". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  13. ^ Author, No. "Bhaktapur's Dear Leader | Nation | Nepali Times". archive.nepalitimes.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  14. ^ https://kathmandupost.com/12/2020/01/17/in-this-nepali-city-the-north-korean-dream-is-alive-and-thriving
  15. ^ "In this Nepali city, the North Korean dream is alive—and it's thriving". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 2020-12-14.