Neora Valley National Park

Neora Valley National Park is a national park in Kalimpong district, West Bengal, India that was established in 1986. It spreads over an area of 88 km2 (34 sq mi),[1] and is a rich biological zone in eastern India. It is the land of the red panda in the pristine undisturbed natural habitat with rugged inaccessible hilly terrain and rich diverse flora and fauna. It is linked to Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary of Pakyong District as well as forests of Samtse District, Bhutan via thick cover of forests.[2]

Neora Valley National Park
Sun set in neora valley.jpg
A view of Neora Valley National Park
Map showing the location of Neora Valley National Park
Map showing the location of Neora Valley National Park
LocationKalimpong district, West Bengal, India
Nearest cityKalimpong
Coordinates27°04′N 88°42′E / 27.06°N 88.7°E / 27.06; 88.7Coordinates: 27°04′N 88°42′E / 27.06°N 88.7°E / 27.06; 88.7
Area88 km2 (34 sq mi)
Established1986
Governing bodyGovernment of India, Government of West Bengal

GeographyEdit

 
Neora River, West Bengal

Neora Valley National Park covers an area of 88 km2 (34 sq mi) with an elevation of 183–3,200 m (600–10,499 ft).[3] The highest point is Rachela Danda. The forest in Neora Valley has such luxurious growth that even sunlight finds it difficult to touch the ground. Much of the park is still inaccessible, making it an adventurous place for the nature lovers/trekkers who can take the challenge to explore the still-unknown terrain in the Kalimpong district hills. Virgin natural forests, dense bamboo groves, colourful canopy of Rhododendron trees, lush green valley, meandering rivers and streams with snowcapped mountains in the backdrop form a picturesque landscape. It borders Pakyong District and Samtse Bhutan.[citation needed] The Neora River is the major water source for Kalimpong town.[citation needed]

BiodiversityEdit

 
A stream in Neora Valley National Park
 
Forest in Neora Valley National Park

Avian fauna listed from this park are of A1, A2 and A3 categories with IBA site code IN-WB-06.[4]

The primary biomes inside Neora Vally National Park are:

FloraEdit

Neora Valley sustains a unique ecosystem where tropical, sub-tropical, sub-temperate, and temperate vegetative system still harbours a wealth of flora and fauna. The forests consists of mixed species like rhododendron, bamboo, oak, ferns, sal, etc. The valley also has numerous species of orchids, some of which are endemic to the park. Common species of rhododendron that grow in the park include Rhododendron arboreum, Rhododendron falconeri, and Rhododendron dalhousiae.[5]

FaunaEdit

 
Red panda
 
Hoary-throated barwing (Actinodura nipalensis)
 
Maroon-backed accentor (Prunella immaculata)

Mammals reported from this area are Indian leopard, five viverrid species, Asiatic black bear, sloth bear, Asian golden cat, wild boar, leopard cat, goral, serow, barking deer, sambar deer, flying squirrel and tahr, red panda, clouded leopard.[6] The semi-evergreen forests between 1,600 and 2,700 m (5,200 and 8,900 ft) host rufous-throated partridge, satyr tragopan, crimson-breasted woodpecker, Darjeeling woodpecker, bay woodpecker, golden-throated barbet, Hodgson's hawk cuckoo, lesser cuckoo, brown wood owl, ashy wood pigeon, mountain imperial pigeon, Jerdon's baza, black eagle, mountain hawk eagle, dark-throated thrush, rufous-gorgeted flycatcher, white-gorgeted flycatcher, white-browed bush robin, white-tailed robin, yellow-browed tit, striated bulbul, chestnut-headed tesia, chestnut-crowned warbler, black-faced warbler, black-faced laughingthrush, chestnut-crowned laughingthrush, streak-breasted scimitar babbler, scaly-breasted cupwing, pygmy cupwing, rufous-fronted babbler, black-headed shrike babbler, white-browed shrike babbler, rusty-fronted barwing, rufous-winged fulvetta, brown parrotbill, fire-breasted flowerpecker, fire-tailed sunbird, maroon-backed accentor, dark-breasted rosefinch, red-headed bullfinch, gold-naped finch.

Reptilian fauna includes King cobra, common krait, green pit viper, blind snake, lizards. Insects include butterflies, moths, beetles, bees, wasps, bugs and cicadas.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Neora Valley National Park north-bengal.com. Retrieved 10 September 2021
  2. ^ "WildBengal". Wildlife Wing, Directorate of Forests Government of West Bengal. 2017. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  3. ^ Mallick, J. K. (2012). "Mammals of Kalimpong Hills, Darjeeling District, West Bengal, India". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 4 (12): 3103–3136.
  4. ^ [1], West Bengal IBA categories Page-2.
  5. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Neora Valley National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2022-01-25.
  6. ^ [2], IBAs in West Bengal – Page 20.

External linksEdit