Nemzeti Bajnokság I (men's handball)
The Nemzeti Bajnokság I (English: National Championship I, commonly abbreviated NB I) is the premier men's professional handball league in Hungary, administered by the Hungarian Handball Federation. Since 2016 the official name of the championship is K&H Férfi Kézilabda Liga due to sponsorship reasons.
|Current season, competition or edition:|
|Number of teams||14|
|Relegation to||Nemzeti Bajnokság I/B|
|Level on pyramid||Level 1|
|Domestic cup(s)||Magyar Kupa|
|International cup(s)||EHF Champions League|
|Current champions||Veszprém KC|
|Most championships||Veszprém KC (26 titles)|
|TV partners||M4 Sport|
Running since 1951, the Hungarian championship is among the strongests in Europe. MKB Veszprém KC have won the EHF Cup Winners' Cup in 2008 and have reached the semi-final of the EHF Champions League three times in the last nine seasons, capturing a silver medal in 2002. Main domestic rivals Pick Szeged are also regular members of the Champions League.
Famous handball players who have played in the league include Carlos Perez, Zlatko Saračević, Mirza Džomba, Árpád Sterbik, Kiril Lazarov, László Nagy, Dániel Buday, Balázs Laluska, József Éles, Julio Fis, Rolando Uríos, Nenad Peruničić, Vlado Šola, Dejan Perić, Vladimir Hernandez, Gergő Iváncsik and many others.
Currently, it consists of 14 teams. The top four teams after the regular season qualify for the playoffs, where a best-of-three system is used. Teams ranked fifth to ninth and tenth to twelfth decide their final places in a classification round, using a double round robin system, playing six additional rounds. Depending on their final position in the regular season, they are awarded bonus points which are added to the points they earn in the postseason.
According to the EHF league ranking, NB I champions and runners-up receive an automatic spot in the Group phase of the forthcoming Champions League season, while following two clubs enter the EHF Cup. Teams ranked thirteenth and fourteenth get relegated and will be replaced by the winners of the Eastern and Western group of the second division.
Teams for season 2017–18Edit
The league went through various name changes depending on the sponsor for the given season(s):
As we can see from the chart the number of teams in the Hungarian First Division changed a lot and continuously. The league started in 1951 with four teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. Currently, there are 14 teams in the first division.
|Season||Number of teams|
|from 1951 to 1952||4 teams|
|in 1953||6 teams|
|in 1954||12 team|
|from 1955 to 1956||4 teams|
|in 1957||12 teams|
|from 1958 to 1959||14 teams|
|from 1960 to 1964||12 teams|
|from 1965 to 1975||14 teams|
|from 1976 to 1982||12 teams|
|from 1983 to 1990-91||14 teams|
|from 1991-92 to 1994-95||16 teams|
|from 1995-96 to 1998-99||14 teams|
|from 1999-00 to 2006-07||12 teams|
|in 2007-08||16 teams|
|in 2008-09||12 teams|
|from 2009-10 to 2010-11||13 teams|
|from 2011-12 to 2014-15||12 teams|
|from 2015-16 to present||14 teams|
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Third place||Winning years|
|Veszprém||1985, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019|
|Bp. Honvéd||1952, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983|
|Bp. Spartacus||1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1973|
|Vörös Meteor||1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957|
|Elektromos SE||1969, 1970, 1971, 1991|
|Tatabánya||1974, 1978, 1979, 1984|
|Szeged||1996, 2007, 2018|
|Győri ETO||1987, 1989, 1990|
|Honvéd Szondi SE||-|
The following table lists the Hungarian handball champions by counties of Hungary.
|County (megye)||Titles||Winning Clubs|
|Budapest|| Honvéd (14)|
Bp. Spartacus (5)
Elektromos SE (4)
Vörös Meteor (4)
|Veszprém||MVM Veszprém (26)|
|Komárom-Esztergom||Tatabánya KC (4)|
|Győr-Moson-Sopron||Győri ETO (3)|
|Csongrád||MOL-Pick Szeged (3)|
|Hajdú-Bihar||Debreceni Dózsa (1)|
- The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2019-20 season of the Hungarian League.
Since 1951, clubs have participated in the Hungarian League. Below the list of Hungarian League clubs who have participated in the first division. The club with the most appearances are the 28-time champions Ferencváros, however the club spent three years in the Nemzeti Bajnokság II (Hungarian Second Division) between 2006 and 2009. The only clubs who have never been relegated are Újpest.
- The teams in bold are competing in the 2015–16 season of the Hungarian League.
The following data indicates Hungarian coefficient rankings between European handball leagues.
EHF League Ranking for 2018/19 season:
EHF Club Ranking as of 3 March 2019:
In European competitionsEdit
|Champions League||EHF Cup||Challenge Cup||Cup Winners' Cup (defunct)|
|TOTAL||1 title||4||6||3 title||0||1||0||0||1||2 title||3||8|
- Hungarian Habdall Federation (in Hungarian)
- Hungary at EHF
- NB I current season results and table at Soccerway
- Hétméteres - men's handball website