Nelang or Nilang is a river valley of Himalayas, with a small eponymous village, in Uttarkashi District of Uttarakhand state of India. It is close to disputed Sino-India Line of Actual Control (LAC), hence also claimed by China as part of Zanda County of Ngari Prefecture of Tibet.

Nelang
नेलांग
village
Nelang is located in Uttarakhand
Nelang
Nelang
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Nelang is located in India
Nelang
Nelang
Nelang (India)
Coordinates: 31°06′45″N 79°00′17″E / 31.11250°N 79.00472°E / 31.11250; 79.00472Coordinates: 31°06′45″N 79°00′17″E / 31.11250°N 79.00472°E / 31.11250; 79.00472
Country India
StateUttarakhand
DistrictUttarkashi
Elevation
3,819 m (12,530 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUK 10
Websiteuk.gov.in
Jadh Ganga
Map including Nelang (AMS, 1954)

Some of the nearby villages are Dhumku in the west, and Jadhang (Sang) and Pulam Sumda in the northeast, all of which lie in the Jadh Ganga valley.[1]

GeographyEdit

Jadh Ganga, an important tributary of the Bhagirathi River, flows through a narrow gorge flanked by steep cliffs. The gorge is called Jadh Ganga valley, and part of this valley near Nelang is called Nelang Valley.

Uttarkashi to India-China LAC route:
NH-34 from Uttarkashi city in south to Bhaironghati (west of Gangotri) in north via Harsil is 90 km which runs along the Bhagirathi River in Bhagirathi valley. The Bhagirathi River and its tributary Jadh Ganga confluence at Bhaironghati. The limits of Jadh Ganga valley and Jadh Ganga river are Bhaironghati in southwest and Naga in northeast. The Bhaironghati to Naga 32 km long road, along the Jadh Ganga river in Jadh Ganga valley, goes via Dhumku, Hawa Bend (~4 km from Bhaironghati, named so because of strong winds, notorious for land slides as it is flanked by a sandy steep vertical cliff on one side and deep river gorge on the other), Pagal Nala (literally the Crazy Stream - the local name of Jadh Ganga river, named so as it is prone to sudden flash floods whenever it rains upstream), Hindoli Ghat (named so due to feeling of hindola or swing experienced by passengers on the zigzag mountain ghat route), Nelang village, Mana bridge over the Jadhang river, and Naga (~6 km east of Nelang).

Naga - fork roads to Pulam Sumda / Sumla and Mendi Gad Glacier:
Naga, where road forks into two, is confluence of two tributaries of Jadh Ganga, the Jadhang river (Jadhang Gad) which originates from a glacier near Sumla/Pulam Sumda in north and Nilapani river (Nilapani Gad) which originates from a glacier north of near Mana Pass in east. Mana pass is not reachable via this road as this route lies in the north of the mountain and glacier which blocks it from the Mana Pass in the south.

Naga to Sumla road:
Naga to Sumla ~34 km long motorable road in Jadhang river valley goes via Dosindhu (literally two rivers, ~ 3 km from Naga, a spur road from here goes towards Jadhang village in the northwest along the Jadhang rivulet while the main road along Jadhang Gad continues northeast to Pulam Sumdo), Jadhang peak (5290 m to the west of road) and Sonam peak (5262 m to the east of road), Tirpani (~20 km from Naga, has confluence of Rangmach river (Rangmach Gad) from northwest and Jadhang Gad from northeast), Pulam Sumda (~25 km from Naga), confluence of Jadhang Gad from north and Mendi Gad (another fork route goes ~2 km to east to Tsangchok base camp of BSF), and Sumla near LAC.

Naga to Mendi Gad Glacier road:
Naga to Mana Pass ~25 to 30 km long road in the Nilapani and Mendi Gad (also called Mana Gad) valleys goes east via Nilapani-Mendi confluence (~5 km from Naga, confluence of Nilapani Gad from north and Mendi Gad from east), Mendi-Gull confluence ~13 km from Naga (Mendi Gad from east and Gull Gad from a glacier in the south), and along the Mendi Gad river towards Mendi Gad Glacier near LAC. Mendi Gad Glacier lies north of Mana Pass, but remains unconnected with it due to the high mountain peaks.

ICBRs by BRO:
NHAI is responsible for maintaining NH-34, which goes till goes till Bhaironghati and Gangotri. Rest of the motorable roads to Sumla/Pulam Sumda and Mana Pass at LAC, have been constructed by India's Border Roads Organisation (BRO) under the phase-I of India-China Border Roads (ICBR).

HistoryEdit

Indo-Tibet Silk routeEdit

Salt and silk were traded on this silk route. Pathan traders supposedly paid for the construction of this stairway in the 17th century. It was also a lesser known secret route of Hindu-Buddhist yatra (pilgrimage) to Mount Kailash.

Territorial disputeEdit

The valley of the Jadh Ganga is also claimed by China.[2]

Gartang Gali stairwayEdit

Gartang Gali cliff-side hanging-stairway or Gartang Gali bridge, a 500 m long narrow wooden stairway hanging high at a height of 11000 ft on the side of a vertical ridge, lies in the narrow Nelang river valley of Jadh Ganga river canyon. After cutting a narrow horizontal U-shaped passage on the side of monolith cliff, the wooden structure was built inside it in the traditional native style. It offers great views of Nelang valley and its ecology. It was initially supposedly constructed by the Pathan traders from Peshawar. Gartang Gali, a narrow and steep gorge, was Silk Road trade route between Tibet and India. After the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the access to the area was prohibited by Indian Military, consequently the bridge fell in disrepair. In 2015, after India opened these areas for the tourism, the wooden stairway was repaired in the native traditional style and reopened in August 2021 for the tourism after a gap of 59 years.[3]

CultureEdit

Nelang and Jadhang villages are inhabited by the Char Bhutia tribe who practice Buddhism. During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, India evacuated these villages.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "India's border dispute with neighbors". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  2. ^ 采编 (26 November 2005). "中印边境自卫反击作战史". 中国国防资讯网. Archived from the original on 26 June 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2005.
  3. ^ Uttarkashi's ancient Gartang Gali bridge opens to tourists after 59 years!, Indian Express, 19 Aug 2021.