Nehemiah Royce House
The Nehemiah Royce House, also known as the Washington Elm House, is a historic home located at 538 North Main Street in Wallingford, Connecticut. The saltbox house was constructed in 1672. George Washington visited the house twice, first in 1775 while on his way to take command of the Continental Army in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and again in 1789 when he gave an address to the townspeople in front of the house near the Elm.
Nehemiah Royce House
|Location||538 N. Main St.|
|Architect||Richard Henry Dana, Jr.; J. Frederick Kelly|
|NRHP reference No.||98000966|
|Added to NRHP||August 24, 1998|
Biography of Nehemiah RoyceEdit
Nehemiah Royce was christened on May 30, 1637 (actual birth date unconfirmed), in New London County, Connecticut, the son of Robert Royce (c. 1606–1676) and Mary Sims.
On November 20, 1660, he married Hannah Morgan (1642 - 1677). They had nine children together.
Royce, a carpenter, joiner and blacksmith by trade, was one of Wallingford's original 38 proprietors authorized by the Connecticut General Assembly in 1667 to purchase land from the Quinnipiac nation. On May 12, 1670, Wallingford was incorporated and about 126 people settled in the town. On May 11, 1693 Royce was elected deputy representing Wallingford to the Court of the Connecticut Colony.
Nehemiah Royce's descendants number in the thousands today. Some of his notable descendants include:
- Jonathan Brace, (1754–1837) was a United States Representative from Connecticut. He was born in Harwinton, Connecticut and graduated from Yale College in 1779.
- Abbott Lowell Cummings, (1923-2017) was an architectural historian and genealogist, best known for his study of New England architecture.
- Clint Eastwood, American film actor, director, and producer
- Millard Fillmore, (1800–1874) was the 13th President of the United States, serving from 1850 until 1853 and the last member of the Whig Party (United States) to hold that office.
- Oliver Wolcott Gibbs, was an American editor, humorist, theatre critic, playwright and author of short stories, who worked for The New Yorker magazine from 1927 until his death in 1958.
- Hamilton Jeffers, (1893–1978) was a noted astronomer.
- John Robinson Jeffers, (1887–1962) was an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. He is considered an icon of the environmental movement.
- George B. McClellan, Civil War general, Governor of New Jersey, Democratic opponent of Abraham Lincoln in the 1864 United States presidential election.
- Frederick Law Olmsted (1822–1903) was an American journalist, landscape designer and father of American landscape architecture, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park in New York City.
The prominent figures associated with the 1930s-1940s rehabilitation of the Royce House is an impressive roster of leaders in the historic preservation movement in New England. The list includes Richard Henry Dana, William Sumner Appleton, Elmer Keith, J. Frederick Kelly, George Dudley Seymour, and Bertram Little. For a time it was a museum and then was used as a residence by Choate Rosemary Hall, until the school donated the house to the Wallingford Historic Preservation Trust in 1999. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Colonial Connecticut Records 1636-1776
- Nehemiah Royce at Find A Grave
- "Memorials of Connecticut Judges and Attorneys, Jonathan Brace". Connecticut State Library. Last Revised: 02/08/2010. Retrieved 2010-03-08. Check date values in:
- McGilligan, Patrick. Clint: The Life And Legend; New York: St. Martin's Press, 2002; pp. 13.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (December 6, 2002). "The New England Ancestry of Clint Eastwood". Retrieved 2010-03-08.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2007). "Ancestry of George W. Bush". Retrieved 2009-07-24.
- Jones, 16
- Jones, 19
- Jones, 20
- Connecticut: A Guide to Its Roads, Lore and People Federal Writers Project, US History Publishers, 1973.
- David F. Ransom and John F. A. Herzan (October 1997). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Nehemiah Royce House". National Park Service. and Accompanying seven photos, exterior and interior, from 1996
- Jones, Emma C. Brewster. The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907: a Record of the Descendants of William Brewster of the "Mayflower," ruling elder of the Pilgrim church which founded Plymouth Colony in 1620. New York: Grafton Press. 1908