Negro Matapacos

Negro Matapacos (translated as Black Cop-Killer)[1] was a Chilean dog that acquired fame due to his participation in the street protests that took place in Santiago, Chile, in 2011. He later became a symbol in the 2019–2020 Chilean protests as a sort of resistance to police brutality and the fight for dignity, he has many graffiti and statues made in his honor throughout the country and even in the subway protests in NYC on 2019. Among his characteristics was his black fur and the red handkerchief that was tied around his neck, although he also had a blue and a white handkerchiefs that were placed by their caregiver.[2]

Negro Matapacos
Mural Negro Matapacos.jpg
A graffito of Negro Matapacos at La Cisterna
SpeciesDog
SexMale
Died26 August 2017
Santiago, Chile
OwnerMaría Campos
Offspring32

His name came from Spanish matar (to kill) and paco, which is Chilean slang for "policeman".[1]

BiographyEdit

The dog gained fame among the university circles of Santiago, mainly in the universities of Santiago (Usach), Metropolitan of Technology (UTEM) and Central (Ucen).[3] During the 2011 student protests Negro Matapacos became known for participating in the street marches and attacking members of Carabineros de Chile, which garnered the sympathies of the Chileans protesters [4]

Although Negro Matapacos was considered a stray dog, due to its presence in different university headquarters and streets of Santiago, he was under the care of María Campos, who adopted him in 2009 and who fed him, had a bed for him in her residence, and tied his handkerchiefs around his neck and also gave him a blessing before he went out. During his participation in street demonstrations, several media outlets also called him the "Chilean Loukanikos", due to his similarities with the dog that became famous during the protests in Greece between 2010 and 2012.[2][5][6]

Negro Matapacos died on August 26, 2017, attended by veterinary personnel and caregivers.[3] Various sources mention that at the time of his death he had left descendants of 32 puppies with 6 different dogs.[7]

Cultural referencesEdit

 
Papier-mâché sculpture of Negro Matapacos, displayed during a protest at Plaza Baquedano.

In December 2013 the documentary Matapaco was released, made by Víctor Ramírez, Carolina García, Nayareth Nain, Francisco Millán and Sergio Medel of EnMarcha Films, and which won the Best Documentary award at the Santo Tomás Festival in Viña del Mar.[3][8]

During the 2019 Chilean protests, the image of Negro Matapacos acquired notoriety again, and protesters drew inspiration from him during street demonstrations, appearing on various posters, stickers, murals and sculptures of papier-mâché, and requests have even been made to install a statue of the dog in a public place.[9]

Tributes have also been made outside of Chile, such as in Japan on November 14, where the statue of Hachikō outside Shibuya station in Tokyo was intervened with a red handkerchief, similar to that worn by Negro Matapacos. On November 18 the statue of Balto at Central Park in New York City was intervened in the same way.[10][11]

During the mass evasions that took place on November 1 of the same year in the New York subway in protest at the police repression towards a fare evader, a lot of stickers appeared in the stations of that city with the image of Negro Matapacos jumping a turnstile.[1][12][13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "The Cop-Attacking Chilean Dog Who Became a Worldwide Symbol of Protest". Hyperallergic. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b Carlos Martínez (6 November 2012). "La otra vida del negro matapacos". The Clinic (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Belén Armand (27 August 2017). "Murió el legendario "Negro Matapacos"". LaIzquierdaDiario (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  4. ^ Edgardo Zouza (25 October 2019). "El Negro Matapacos: el perro que odiaba a los carabineros de Chile". LaIzquierdaDiario (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  5. ^ Vanessa Vargas Rojas (24 December 2013). "Negro Matapacos, el revolucionario del año". El Desconcierto (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  6. ^ Carlos Vega (20 September 2015). "¿Por qué los perros siempre se suman a las protestas?". Biobiochile.cl (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  7. ^ Hermes Domínguez Vásquez (29 August 2017). "El último adiós al "Negro Matapacos", el perro emblema de la lucha estudiantil chilena". Biobiochile.cl (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  8. ^ Daniela Toro (24 December 2013). "Estrenan documental de perro chileno amante de las marchas". 24horas.cl (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  9. ^ Nathaly Lepe (4 November 2019). ""El Santo Patrono de las protestas sociales": la lucha viral para instalar estatua del "Negro Matapacos" en Plaza Italia, el corazón del estallido social". Publimetro (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  10. ^ Martín Calderón (14 November 2019). "Nacen más homenajes al Negro Matapacos, incluyendo un altar y hasta la estatua de Hachiko en Japón". FayerWayer (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Chilenos intervienen estatua de Balto en honor al Negro Matapacos". Los40 (in Spanish). 19 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Increíble: Evasión masiva e ícono perruno se exportaron de Santiago a Nueva York". Cooperativa.cl (in Spanish). 2 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Evasión masiva en el metro de Nueva York: Recordado perro chileno "aparece" en medio de protestas". 24horas.cl (in Spanish). 2 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

External linksEdit