Neethi (1972 film)

Neethi (transl. Justice) is a 1972 Indian Tamil-language film produced by Sujatha Cine Arts and directed by C. V. Rajendran. It is a remake of the Hindi film, Dushmun (1971). The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Jayalalithaa and Sowcar Janaki. V. Nagaiah, and Chandrababu play supporting roles.[1]

Neethi 1972 poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byC. V. Rajendran
Produced byK. Balaji
Story byVirendra Sinha
StarringSivaji Ganesan
Sowcar Janaki
Music byM. S. Viswanathan
Edited byB. Kanthasamy
Sujatha Cine Arts
Release date
  • 7 December 1972 (1972-12-07)
Running time
159 minutes


Raja (Sivaji Ganesan) is a rash truck driver who often drives intoxicated. One night he stops at a prostitute's house for the night, then awakens late in the morning. He drives his truck at breakneck speed in thick fog to make up for lost time, drinking once again. He runs over and kills Ramu, a farmer, but instead of fleeing in a hit and run opportunity, Raja stays to face the consequences. He was arrested by police and brought before the court.

Raja acknowledges his guilt to the judge (Major Sundarrajan) who knows that he should send him to prison for two years. Instead, the judge is moved by the plight of the farmer's family which includes his widow Seetha (Sowcar Janaki), a sister, two young children, a weak father (S.V. Subbaiah) and a blind mother (Ganthimathi). They believe that imprisonment serves no good for the victim or the perpetrator. The judge decides to try a novel experiment by forcing Raja to live with the farmer's family and look after their financial needs. Horrified, Raja tries in vain to convince the judge to change his ruling. Raja is transported to his new "prison" under police protection (J.P. Chandrababu), where he must meet the hostile villagers. The farmer's family abhors his presence and call him a murderer. Raja tries to escape from the family the first night, but was apprehended and brought back to the house to serve his time.

Raja comes to terms with the twist of fate that has forced him to become a subsistence farmer and live under the unforgiving eyes of the farmer's family. Over time he starts sincerely working for the family and its interests. He meets Radha Jayalalithaa, a happy-go-lucky girl who operates a small bi-scope machine to entertain the village kids. They take an instant liking to each other, which blossoms into love. He also finds friends amongst the previously hostile villagers Ponnamma (Manorama). Raja works hard on the family land while protecting it from the clutches of a local landlord R.S.Manohar who has ill-intentioned designs on the land and on the farmer's sister.

Surmounting many obstacles, Raja arranged the marriage of the sister with her childhood sweetheart. With the help of a benevolent police force and the judge, Raja thwarted attempts by the landlord to seize the family's land and that of other villagers who have mortgaged their land with him. The farmer's widow, however, can not forgive Raja for having killed her husband.

Things take a dramatic turn for the worse when Raja is framed and arrested for the accidental death of Radha's drunken grandfather. At the same time, the landlord has the lush harvest produced by Raja and other villagers covertly set ablaze and has Radha kidnapped, primarily to punish Raja. The widow who has been working in the landlord's Ice Factory thinking, he is an honourable man, witnessed the misdeeds of the landlord and finally realised his mistake. She rescued Radha, but is instead trapped by the landlord, who tries to rape her. Meanwhile, Raja stages an escape from his holding cell with the help of Radha, and comes to Seetha's rescue in the nick of time. He confronts the landlord and violently assaults him as payback. The Police show up and arrest the landlord for his role in defrauding the villagers and destroying their harvest.

The deceased farmer's family finally accepted Raja as one of their own and arranged his marriage with Radha. Finally, Raja completed his two years imprisonment successfully. Police arrive to escort him back to town. He asks the judge to let him serve a life sentence, and the judge smiles, justified that his experiment has been successful. In the end, villagers welcome Raja and celebrate him. Children and the dog reunite with Raja. The family members of farmer Ramu and Ponnamma are reunited. Furthermore, Radha and Raja are united.



The soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan.[2]

No Title Singer(s) Lyrics
1 "Engaladhu Bhoomi" T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela, Kovai Soundararajan, Veeramani Kannadasan
2 "Naalai Mudhal Kudikka" T. M. Soundararajan
3 "Mappilaiya Paathukkadi Maina" T. M. Soundararajan
4 "Odudhu Paar" P. Susheela
5 "Kalyanathula Melam" P. Susheela


Neethi was released on 7 December 1972,[3][4] and became a commercial success.[5]


  1. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul, eds. (1998) [1994]. Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema (PDF). Oxford University Press. p. 409. ISBN 0-19-563579-5.
  2. ^ "Neethi". Songs4all. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  3. ^ "ஜெயலலிதா நடித்த திரைப்படங்களின் பட்டியல்". Dinamani (in Tamil). 6 December 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  4. ^ "நடிகர்திலகத்தின் பட வரிசைப்பட்டியல்". Seithi Saral (in Tamil). 30 September 2020. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  5. ^ "சிவாஜp - பாலாஜp கூட்டணியில் உருவான காவியங்கள்". Thinakaran (in Tamil). 4 December 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2021.

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