Nederrijn ("Lower Rhine"; not to be confused with the section called Lower Rhine further upstream) is the name of the Dutch part of the Rhine from the confluence at the town of Angeren of the cut-off Rhine bend of Oude Rijn (Gelderland) and the Pannerdens Kanaal (which was dug to form the new connection between the Waal and Nederrijn branches). The city of Arnhem lies on the right (north) bank of the Nederrijn, just past the point where the IJssel branches off. The Nederrijn flows on to the city of Wijk bij Duurstede, from where it continues as the Lek. The once-important but now small Kromme Rijn branch (in Roman times part of the Limes Germanicus and border river of the Roman Empire) carries the name "Rhine" towards the city of Utrecht.
|• location||Huissen, Gelderland, Netherlands|
|Wijk bij Duurstede, Utrecht, Netherlands|
|Length||50 km (31 mi)|
From the city of Utrecht Kromme Rijn forks into the Vecht to the north, and into the Oude Rijn (Utrecht and South Holland) to the west. The first part is channelised and known as Leidse Rijn (Leiden Rhine), after the railway bridge near Harmelen (municipality Woerden) it's known as Oude Rijn, flowing westward to the North Sea.
In order to regulate the distribution of drainage between the different branches of the Rhine, several dams have been constructed. If the dams are closed, there is little flow in the Nederrijn and most of the water is drained by the IJssel. As for the Old Rhine, close to the North Sea a pumping station prevents the river for sea tides and silting.
In 1530, the Rhine near Arnhem was moved, a project that was completed in 1536. The city, which originated along the St. Jansbeek ("St. John's Brook'), could develop better now that it was closer to the river, and was also more easily defended against Habsburg expansionism into Guelders.
Plate made by Wenzel Hollar 1607-1677
The last stretch of the Nederrijn, near Wijk bij Duurstede