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Necotowance (c. Unknown birth year - died before 1655) was the Werowance of the Powhatan Confederacy and(chief) of the Wyanoak tribe from 1646 until his death before 1655 when his son, Totopotomoi signed an agreement with the de la Warr's in 1655. Necotowance signed a treaty with the Colony of Virginia in 1645, at which time he was addressed by the English as "King of the Indians." After his death he was succeeded by Totopotomoi as Weroance of the Pan NA Powhatan Confederacy consisting of 20+ Algonquian tribes. NECOTOWANCE - Necotowance was a Wyanoak; called the King of the Wyanoak. In October, 1646, a treaty of peace (lb., 323) was confirmed with Nectowance, king of the Indians," the successor of Opecancanough, who appears to have been the chief of all the neighboring tribes on the south as well as the north side of the river. From this period, for a number of years, the policy of the Virginia government towards the Indians was not illiberal. Acts for their benefit and protection were passed at the session of July, 1653 (O., 380), March, 1655-6 (lb., 393), March, 1657-8 (lb., 457, 467), and March, 1661-2 (W., II, 138). In March, 1659-60 (D., I, 547), it was enacted that, as the

King of Wyanoak, from page 338 of The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 7: "by reason of many disadvantageous bargains with the English," had gotten into debt and been arrested by his creditors, "whereby much detriment hath accrued to the publique," he should, in accordance with his petition, be exempt from arrest for debt until the first of March succeeding."

That he was successor to Opechancanough is not proof that he was his son or Pamunkey exactly, given the war conditions of the time when replacing Opecanonough. Most say he was Pamunkey and Patawomeck Indian and son of Opechancanough and unknown.

Nectowance was the father of Totopotomoi citing [1] According to Rountree, the Powhatans practiced matrilineal descent-- Opitchapan to Opechancanough, to Catataugh to 2 living sister (unnamed) having the same mother; but, not necessarily the same father (Leaving aside adoption practices) would be the line of succession.

Paramount Chiefdom Succession of the Pan Algonquian Confederacy known as the Powhatan Confederacy, which had its own linquist "buinessess dialect" in order for communuication to all "Algonkian" language users.

  1. 1. Toppahannock/Rappahonnock -Werowance of the Rappahannock; King of the “Queen’s River” Before 1607 -til ? (Strachey’s notes on Smith’s diary while a prisoner of Opechancanough).

2. “Powhatan”-Wahun Son A Cock—from ? 1500 year unknown to 1618 Paramount Algonquian Confederate Chief - Had 100 wives said English, 20 sons, 10 daughters and 2 of his daughter had documented names. (Exaggeration; had a lot of wives).

3. Opechancanough Werorance & Paramount Chief from 1619 til 1640; died 1644 - Half brother of Powhatan. Experts are saying his line is ydna tied to West Indies NA, paternally. Planned the massacres of 1622 and 1644. He was captured by Sir Wiliam Berkeley and was killed while a captive at Jamestown in 1646 by a soldier out of revenge. He was also known as Apachisco. Indian chief of the Pamunkey Tribe, later chief of The Powhatan Confederacy, AKA Don Luis de Valasco. Half brother of Powhatan. <In River Time The Way of the James by Ann Woodlief Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 1985 . Chapter 5. > The time lines for Opichapum as Werowance should show his leadership for a one-year term period; did not want the job.

4. Opichapum - Brother of Powhatan . Werorance lasted from 1618 til 1619. Chief Hokolesqua Opecham "Stream" Cornstalk ; born 1550, died in 1649.

5. Necotowance - King of Wyanoak and Werowance and Paramount Chief, “King of Indians” 1630-44 -

6. Totopotomoi - King of Pamunkey 1645-1656 (not Toby West - different ydna that William West de la Warr) Dad of Capt John West, d. 1717, it would by John West’s ydna which is I S -25519

7. Cockacoeske - Queen of Pamunkey and Weroansqua 1656-1686

8. “Queen Anne” Isom GoSi One/ -1686-1715

Preceded by
Weroance of the Powhatan Confederacy
Succeeded by


  • "Middle Peninsula Historic Marker "Cockacoeske"
  • "The Powhatan Indians of Virginia: Their Traditional Culture.", Rountree, Helen C., University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8061-2156-4
  • "Cockacoeske, Queen of Pamunkey: Diplomat and Suzeraine.", Martha W. McCartney, 1898 - in "Powhatan's Mantle: Indians in the Colonial Southeast.", P. H. Wood and G. A. Waselkov, eds. pp 173–195. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
  • "The Royal Family of the Powhatan.", John C.E. Christensen says Nectowance is "assumed to be son of Opechoncanough. Signed Treaty with the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1645, at which time he was called by the English "King of the Indians."" See



  1. ^ Rountree, H. C. Opechancanough (d. 1646). (2015, May 7). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from