Nechirvan Barzani

Nechirvan Idris Barzani (Kurdish: نێچیرڤان بارزانی‎ / Nêçîrvan Îdrîs Barzanî; born 21 September 1966) is a Kurdish politician serving as the second President of the Kurdistan Region.[2] He was elected into office by the Kurdistan Region Parliament in June 2019.[3] Nechirvan Barzani was appointed as Vice President of the Kurdistan Democratic Party since 2010.[4] He previously served as Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government from March 2007 to August 2009 and March 2012 to May 2019, leading a number of strategic and innovative developments in the Kurdistan Region.[5]

Nechirvan Idris Barzani
Nechirvan Barzani -3-10-2019.jpg
President Nechirvan Barzani, 2019.
President of Kurdistan Region
Assumed office
10 June 2019
Prime MinisterMasrour Barzani
Vice PresidentJaafar Sheikh Mustafa
Mustafa Said Qadir[1]
Preceded byMasoud Barzani
Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
In office
7 March 2012 – 31 May 2019
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byBarham Salih
Succeeded byMasrour Barzani
In office
1 March 2006 – 31 August 2009
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byBarham Salih
Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
In office
20 December 1999 – 14 June 2005
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byRowsch Shaways
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Personal details
Born
Nechirvan Novan Barzani

(1966-09-21) 21 September 1966 (age 53)
Barzan Kurdistan
Political partyKurdistan Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Nabila Barzani
Children5

Early yearsEdit

Nechirvan Barzani was born in 1966 in the village of Barzan, Kurdistan Region. The word Nêçîr means hunt in the Kurdish Language, and Nêçîrvan means the hunter. Barzani's surname originates from his birthplace of Barzan. He is the grandson of Mustafa Barzani, a legendary Kurdish leader who led the Kurdish Revolution and armed resistance against the regimes of Iraq and was also the founder of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP).[6][7]

Nechirvan Barzani's father, Idris Mustafa Barzani, was a senior KDP leader and prominent political figure, he dedicated his entire life fighting for the rights and freedoms of the Kurdish people alongside his father and brother Masoud Barzani, who served as the first president of the Kurdistan Region.[7] In 1975, Nechirvan Barzani and his family, along with tens of thousands of Kurds living under Iraqi rule, were forced into exile into Iran to seek safety from Iraq's Ba’ath regime which committed mass killings, forced displacement, culturcide, and tremendous brutality as part of its policies culminating with the Anfal genocide.[7]

Following the footsteps of his father, uncle, and grandfather, Nechirvan Barzani became actively involved in Kurdish activism and politics. Often accompanying his father on official political visits to Middle Eastern and European countries lobbying for the Kurdish cause, he began developing his platform of political positions based on bringing about peace, stability, and justice to the Kurdish people.[7]

Education & Personal LifeEdit

Nechirvan Barzani studied Politics and International Relations at University of Tehran Iran. He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Public Service degree from Washington and Jefferson College in Pennsylvania, the United States in a ceremony held on 17 May 2008.[8] Nechirvan Barzani is fluent in Kurdish and English. He is fond of Kurdish and Persian poetry and literature. He is married to Nabila Barzani and has five children together.

Political careerEdit

 
Nechirvan Barzani Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region Greets Condoleezza Rice United States Secretary of State at Erbil International Airport on October 6, 2006.

Nechirvan Barzani was first elected to the KDP central committee at its 10th Congress in 1989 and re-elected at the 11th Congress in 1993, when he assumed a position in the political bureau. After the 1991 Gulf War, he participated in the negotiations with the Iraqi government.[7]

In 1996, Nechirvan Barzani was appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) which was established following the 1992 regional elections.[7] In 1999, Nechirvan Barzani was appointed as Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government. He actively participated in the 2005 unification process between the main Kurdish Parties on the formation of a unified KRG.

Prime Minister (2006–09)Edit

In March 2006, Nechirvan Barzani lead the fifth cabinet, the first unified cabinet of the Kurdistan Regional Government. Many of Barzani's supporters believe that he played an important role in developing the Kurdistan Region. During his first term as Prime Minister, his supporters nicknamed his cabinet as "The Development Cabinet" praising his work in the development of the Kurdistan Region.[8] From September 2009 through January 2012, a Kurdish politician from the ruling KDP-PUK coalition, Barham Salih, assumed office as Prime Minister of the KRG.

Prime Minister (2012–19)Edit

Nechirvan Barzani was re-elected as Prime Minister in 2012.[9] His political priorities focused on improvements to the standard of living in the Kurdistan Region, as well as strengthening peace, security, stability, foreign relations, and foreign investments.[7] He also presided over the consolidation and promotion of rights for women, as well as the ethnic and religious groups in the Region. Under his tenure, the Kurdistan Region underwent a widespread development program in its electricity, water, housing, and road infrastructure. During his tenure, more than thirty countries established their official representation offices in the Kurdistan Region.[5]

In 2014, the war against the Islamic State impacted the Kurdistan Region. In addition to defense, the Kurdistan Region also hosted nearly two million displaced people who sought refuge in Kurdistan. Also, with the fall in international oil prices and Iraq's failure to deliver the Region's budget portion, the Region also entered a massive economic crisis.[5] Barzani successfully used diplomatic means to peacefully rebuild relations with Baghdad and resume budgetary allotments.

Following the 2017 Kurdistan independence referendum, the Federal Iraqi Government took hostile policies and military actions against the Kurdistan Region. Barzani used his position to again normalize relations with Baghdad and to strengthen ties with the international community with an increased international diplomacy effort.

President of the Kurdistan Region (2019–present)Edit

 
Nechirvan Barzani takes oath of office to become President of the Kurdistan Region at the Presidential Inauguration Ceremony on June 10, 2019.

On 28 May 2019, out of 81 MPs who participated at the session, Nechirvan Barzani was elected as the President of Kurdistan Region by the votes of 68 MPs.[10] Nechirvan Barzani was inaugurated as President of the Kurdistan Region in June 2019. Citing democracy as one of the Kurdistan Region's greatest achievements, in his inauguration speech he stated his duty as President of the Kurdistan Region is to continue strengthening Kurdistan's democratic values and developing the government's political, social and economic policies to improve those sectors as well as education, healthcare, and industry.[11]

Nechirvan Barzani has been recognized for his promotion of the rights of all ethnic and religious groups, continued inter-faith dialogue, and women's rights.[12] For this reason, Nechirvan Barzani received support from the various ethnic and religious groups in the Kurdistan Region who believe his presidency enhances the likelihood that they will continue to be treated fairly with equal rights and freedoms in Kurdistan Region.[12] His election as President signaled a mandate by the Kurdistan Region Parliament to continue advancing fair and equal treatment under his leadership. This has positioned Kurdistan as a leader that serves as an example for other nations in the Middle East.[12]

President Barzani affirmed during his inauguration speech that he will continue plans to build solidarity with neighboring countries, strengthen relations with the international community, and to work closely with the federal government in Baghdad to jointly agree on solutions within the framework of the Constitution of Iraq.[11]

As President, Nechirvan Barzani remains dedicated to continue his Yezidi rescue mission. Barzani established a special office in 2014 devoted to rescuing Yezidi survivors in ISIS terrorist captivity. More than 3,340 Yezidi victims have been liberated by the office.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://dckurd.org/2019/07/09/kurdistans-weekly-brief-july-9-2019/
  2. ^ "Iraqi Kurdistan region swears in new president". Arab News. June 11, 2019.
  3. ^ "Nechirvan Barzani takes presidency of Iraq's Kurdish region, vacant..." June 10, 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  4. ^ "About Kurdistan Democratic Party". Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Kurdistan Region President Nechirvan Barzani". Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  6. ^ Rubin, Michael (October 2002). "Interview: Nechervan Idris Barzani". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 4 (10). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Biography of the Prime Minister". Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government to Receive Honorary Degree at W&J Commencement Ceremony". Archived from the original on 2008-05-05.
  9. ^ Razzouk, Nayla (5 March 2012). "Nechirvan Barzani to Take Over as Iraq Kurd Premier on March 7". Bloomberg.
  10. ^ "Nechirvan Barzani elected president of Iraq's Kurdish region". www.aljazeera.com.
  11. ^ a b "Transcript of President Nechirvan Barzani's Inaugural Address".
  12. ^ a b c d "A victory for Kurdistan's minorities". 17 July 2019.
Political offices
Preceded by
Rowsch Shaways
Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
1999–2005
Position abolished
New office Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Barham Salih
Preceded by
Barham Salih
Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
2012–2019
Succeeded by
Masrour Barzani
Preceded by
Masoud Barzani
President of Kurdistan Region
2019–present
Incumbent