Nechirvan Idris Barzani (Kurdish: نێچیرڤان بارزانی / Nêçîrvan Îdrîs Barzanî; born 21 September 1966) is a Kurdish politician who has been President of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraqi Kurdistan since June 2019. He previously served as Prime Minister from March 2006 to August 2009 and March 2012 to May 2019.
|President of Iraqi Kurdistan|
|Assumed office |
10 June 2019
|Prime Minister||Masrour Barzani|
|Vice President||Jaafar Sheikh Mustafa|
Mustafa Said Qadir
|Preceded by||Masoud Barzani|
|Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan|
7 March 2012 – 31 May 2019
|Preceded by||Barham Salih|
|Succeeded by||Masrour Barzani|
1 March 2006 – 31 August 2009
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Barham Salih|
|Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)|
20 December 1999 – 14 June 2005
|Preceded by||Rowsch Shaways|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
Nechirvan Idris Barzani
21 September 1966
|Political party||Kurdistan Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Tehran|
Barzani was born in 1966 in Barzan, Iraq. The word Nêçîr means hunt in the Kurdish language, and Nêçîrvan means the hunter. Barzani as a surname reflects the individual's origin from Barzan. In 1975, his family was forced into exile in Iran. He often accompanied his father, Idris, on official visits to Middle Eastern and European countries, a foreshadowing of his future political career. Following the sudden death of his father, he took up an active role in Kurdish politics, working in PDK youth organizations. He is the grandson of PDK (Kurdistan Democratic Party) founder Mustafa Barzani as well as nephew of the former president of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Massoud Barzani.
Barzani was elected to the KDP central committee at its 10th Congress in 1989 and re-elected at the 11th Congress in 1993, when he assumed a position in the political bureau. After the 1991 Gulf War, he participated in the negotiations with the Iraqi government. In 1996, he was appointed deputy prime minister of the Kurdistan Democratic Party's controlled region in Iraqi Kurdistan. Following the unification process in 2005 between the main Kurdish parties and the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), elections were held. In 2006, Barzani was selected as the Prime Minister of the KRG. His term was expected to end in 2008 but after an agreement by the majority coalition in power, Barzani's term was extended until the elections of 2009.
From September 2009 to January 2012, a Kurdish politician from the ruling KDP-PUK coalition, Barham Salih, replaced Barzani as prime minister. Barzani was reappointed as prime minister in 2012 as part of a political agreement by the ruling coalition.
Many of Barzani's supporters believe that he played an important role in developing the Kurdistan Region. During his first term as prime minister, his supporters nicknamed his cabinet as "The Development Cabinet" praising his work in the development of the Kurdistan region.
- "Iraqi Kurdistan region swears in new president". Arab News. June 11, 2019.
- "Nechirvan Barzani takes presidency of Iraq's Kurdish region, vacant..." June 10, 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
- Rubin, Michael (October 2002). "Interview: Nechervan Idris Barzani". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 4 (10). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
- Razzouk, Nayla (5 March 2012). "Nechirvan Barzani to Take Over as Iraq Kurd Premier on March 7". Bloomberg.
- "Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government to Receive Honorary Degree at W&J Commencement Ceremon". Archived from the original on 2008-05-05.
- "Nechirvan Barzani elected president of Iraq's Kurdish region". www.aljazeera.com.
| Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
|New office|| Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
| Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
| President of Iraqi Kurdistan