Cisdnieper Railways

  (Redirected from Near-Dnipro Railways)

Cisdnieper Railway (PZ), (Ukrainian: Придніпровська залiзниця, Prydniprovska zaliznytsia) headquartered in Dnipro, is a regional operator of the Ukrainian Railways.

Cisdnieper Railways
Придніпровська залiзниця
Приднепровская железная дорога.png
Ukrainian Railways (subdivisions).png
Subdivisions of Ukrainian Railways
Overview
HeadquartersDnipro
LocaleCentral Ukraine, East Ukraine
Dates of operation1873–present
PredecessorCisdnieper Railway (Soviet Union)
Technical
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in)
Length3,275 km (2,030 mi)
Other
Websitehttp://www.dp.uz.gov.ua/
Logo with flags

PZ's route map includes all the railroads in the Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih, Zaporizhya, Kharkiv and Kherson oblasts (provinces) of Ukraine. Access to railroads on territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea is suspended since 2014 due to annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.

As of 2008, PZ's rail system included 3,275 km (2,035 mi) of track, of which 93.3% were electrified. The PZ consists of four directories, Dnipro, Zaporizhia, Kryvyi Rih, and Crimea directory. There are 244 railway stations in the PZ system.

Main informationEdit

Cisdnieper railways territory located mostly at Southern Ukraine. Administration of the road is in Dnipro. The operational length of the road in 1990 was 3 255 km. The road is one of the oldest lines and was commissioned in 1884 as Yekaterinine Railways. In 1890s it expanded by adding already existing neighboring railway companies i.e. Donets–Black-coal Railways and parts of Kursk–Kharkiv–Azov Railways. In 1936–1961 it carried name Stalin Railways.

The railway connects Donbass with Krivyi Rih iron pool two latitudinal lines ChaplyneSynelnykove to Dnipro — Verkhivtseve — Piatykhatky and Kamysh-Zorya — Canopies — Zaporizhia — Apostolove — Krivyi Rih — Dymkove. The road serves a major industrial centers: Zaporizhia, Dnipro, Krivyi Rih, Pavlohrad, Nikopol, Novomoskovsk and other, as well as agricultural areas.

Cisdnieper railway characterised by a high share of departures and arrivals of goods. However, traffic roads relatively small NC small distance of transportation. In 1990, the turnover of the road amounted to approximately 88 000 000 000 t-km. In freight transportation is dominated by iron and manganese ores, coal, coke, ferrous metals, industrial goods, machinery, equipment, building materials, fluxes, grain. Tight supply transportation 27 000 000 t-km/km Intensive passenger traffic exists from Moscow, Donetsk, Odessa, South-West, North-Caucasus, October, Lviv Railways. The passenger turnover was (1990) 12 000 000 000 passenger-km. On Cisdnieper railway is well developed suburban passenger traffic (over 85% of all passengers), but because of the small range, the proportion of commuter traffic from the total turnover is about 25%.

During the World War II, the road was badly damaged. During the battles and the liberation of the territory from invaders, railroad workers carried out the supply to frontlines, the transport service, the restoration path and rolling stock. Thousands of railway workers participated in combat operations, worked in the underground. In the postwar years in the Cisdnieper railway Trade Union was not only restored, but also constructed, reconstructed, new stations, railway stations, artificial structures, including major bridges across the Dnieper. The main meridional direction Lozova — Zaporozhia transferred to electric traction; electrified main latitudinal direction and suburban areas. Electric traction is 77% of the total turnover, the rest is diesel. Up to 85% of the road sections equipped with automatic lock, up to 95% — electric interlocking of switches and signals. Built large marshaling yards, equipped with modern technical means of mechanization and automation. On loading and unloading operations are applied mechanization. High-performance track machines are used for current maintenance and repairs.

DivisionsEdit

  • Dnipro directory
  • Kryvyi Rih directory
  • Zaporizhia directory
  • Crimea directory (suspended)

HistoryEdit

The idea of building railway network near Dnipro city (at that time Yekaterinoslav) is credited to the first Russian minister of railways Pavel Petrovich Melnikov who in 1862 expressed an interest in connecting the city with Donets coal basin (Donbas).