Nazir Ahmed (physicist)

Nazir Ahmed (or Nazir Ahmad), OBE (1 May 1898 – 30 September 1973) was a Pakistani experimental physicist and the first chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) from 1956 to 1960.[1]

Nazir Ahmed
Ahmed (right) with Queen Elizabeth II
Born(1898-05-01)1 May 1898
Died30 September 1973(1973-09-30) (aged 75)
Alma materMuhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, British India
University of Cambridge, UK
Known forNuclear power generation programme
AwardsGold Medal from Pakistan Academy of Sciences
Scientific career
FieldsExperimental Physics
InstitutionsPakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC),
Technological Laboratory, India
Federal Bureau of Statistics
Doctoral advisorErnest Rutherford[citation needed]
InfluencesErnest Rutherford[citation needed]

Dr.Nazir Ahmed was the first vice president of Pakistan central Contton Committe from 1948 to 1956.


Nazir Ahmed was born in a Kakazai family.[2][3] Ahmed obtained his B.Sc. in physics from Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh, India in 1919.[4] He attended the University of Cambridge, UK, under the supervision of Ernest Rutherford.[4] There he received his M.Sc. in 1923, and PhD in experimental physics in 1925.[4]

In 1930, Nazir Ahmed came back to India, where he was appointed assistant director at the Technological Laboratory, Central Cotton Committee of India, and became its director after one year.[4] While living in Bombay, he married Razia, a member of the Khader Nawaz Khan family of Madras and the Carnatic Sultanate; her sister Rafia married Ahmed's friend, the naval officer HMS Choudri.

On June 9, 1938, George VI appointed Ahmed an Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.

In 1945, Ahmed was appointed member of the Indian Tariff Board.[4]

After the partition of India, Ahmed migrated to Karachi in Pakistan, where he held various positions, such as joint secretary of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Pakistan Development Board.[4] In 1956, he became the first chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), a post he held until 1960.[4][5]

Nazir Ahmed was involved in efforts to build a heavy water plant at Multan, but the Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation turned down his request.[6] In 1960, he was transferred to Ministry of Science and Technology under the administration of President Ayub Khan.


Award named after Nazir AhmadEdit

Research papersEdit

  • Tubewell Theory and Practice, published by Pakistan Academy of Sciences - (Nazir Ahmed) (1979).[8]
  • Survey of Fuels & Electric Power Resources in Pakistan, published by Pakistan Academy Of Sciences - (Nazir Ahmed) (1972).[8]


  1. ^ Adeel Khan (7 June 2001). "History of Pakistan's Nuclear Power Industry". Ryerson University website. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  2. ^ Sheikh, Majid (22 October 2017). "The history of Lahore's Kakayzais". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  3. ^ Rahi, Arwin (25 February 2020). "Why Afghanistan should leave Pakistani Pashtuns alone". The Express Tribune (Opinion). Archived from the original on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g I.H. Qureshi (2005). "Recollection from the early days of the PAEC (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission)" (PDF). The Nucleus. 42 (1–2): 7–11 (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2020. {{cite journal}}: Check |archive-url= value (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ A. Gill (2006). "Pakistani Nuclear Program 1-5". Owl's Tree website. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Pakistan: Nuclear Chronology (1953-1970): March 1958". Nuclear Threat Initiative website. 2005. Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  7. ^ 'Deceased Fellows List' of the Pakistan Academy Of Sciences Pakistan Academy Of Sciences website, Retrieved 6 May 2020
  8. ^ a b Nazir Ahmed's research paper publications from 1972 and 1979 on Pakistan Academy Of Sciences website Retrieved 6 May 2020