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Nazareth is a city in Castro County, Texas, United States. The population was 311 at the 2010 census,[2] down from 356 at the 2000 census.

Nazareth, Texas
Community
Nazareth City Hall
Nazareth City Hall
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Nazareth
Coordinates: 34°32′39″N 102°06′10″W / 34.54417°N 102.10278°W / 34.54417; -102.10278Coordinates: 34°32′39″N 102°06′10″W / 34.54417°N 102.10278°W / 34.54417; -102.10278[1]
Country United States
State Texas
CountyCastro
RegionLlano Estacado
Established1902
Founded byJoseph Reisdorff
Area
 • Total0.36 sq mi (0.94 km2)
 • Land0.36 sq mi (0.94 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation3,760 ft (1,150 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total311
 • Density856/sq mi (330.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
ZIP code
79063
Area code806

Contents

GeographyEdit

Nazareth is located in eastern Castro County on the high plains of the Llano Estacado at 34°32′39″N 102°06′10″W / 34.54417°N 102.10278°W / 34.54417; -102.10278.[1] It is 12 miles (19 km) east of Dimmitt, the county seat, and 20 miles (32 km) west of Tulia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Nazareth has a total area of 0.36 square miles (0.94 km2), all of it land.[2]

HistoryEdit

The town of Nazareth was established through the efforts of a Catholic priest, Joseph Reisdorff, who moved to the site in 1902 with four farmers interested in purchasing land in the area. Father Reisdorff named his colony after the biblical Nazareth and advertised for settlers in several midwestern German Catholic newspapers. By September 1902 the first settlers had begun to arrive. A post office was established in 1903, and later that year the Catholic community finished building its first church. Nazareth had 71 residents by January 1904, and the town was platted latter that year. By 1905, in addition to the church, the settlement included a blacksmith shop, a store, and a school; when the community's cemetery was consecrated in 1906, it became the only Catholic cemetery in the area. For many years local church officials supplied what little government the community required.

In 1914 Nazareth had an estimated 50 residents, and about 150 people were living there by 1927. During the Dust Bowl of the 1930s the area was swept by huge dust storms that uprooted crops and made farming unprofitable; in 1933, the town was estimated to have only 50 residents. Agriculture in Castro County revived during the 1940s, however, and by 1941 about 200 people were living there. The population fluctuated during the 1950s and 1960, dropping to about 75 in 1955, then rising to an estimated 275 by 1964; the census found 274 people living in the town in 1970 and 299 in 1980. As late as the mid-1980s about 85 percent of the town's residents were Catholics, and church activities helped to bond the community together. In 1990 the population stood at 293.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1980299
1990293−2.0%
200035621.5%
2010311−12.6%
Est. 2016294[4]−5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 356 people, 125 households, and 93 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,022.1 people per square mile (392.7/km2). There were 140 housing units at an average density of 402.0/sq mi (154.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.91% White, 1.12% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.90% of the population.

There were 125 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,875, and the median income for a family was $46,375. Males had a median income of $28,438 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,756. About 2.9% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

The city of Nazareth is served by the Nazareth Independent School District.

The Nazareth Swiftettes basketball team have won 23 state championships in a 43-year span (1977-2019), a current public school national record. In 2019, the Swiftettes won their fifth state title in 6 years, and 3-peated for the 8th time in school history. The Swiftettes have also represented their region in the Final Four of the Texas state tournament 28 times since 1976. A 2007 article on ESPN.com documented the town and the women's basketball team.[7]

The Nazareth Swifts have also had tremendous success in basketball. They have, by a significant margin, more Regional Titles (16) and State Titles (6) than any other Texas 1A team since 1983.

ClimateEdit

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nazareth has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Nazareth". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Nazareth city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  3. ^ John Leffler. "Nazareth, TX". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ ESPN article
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Nazareth, Texas

External linksEdit