Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud
Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: نايف بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, Nāyif ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd) (1934 – 16 June 2012), was the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia as well as first deputy prime minister from 2011 to 2012. He was also minister of interior from 1975 to 2012.
|Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud|
نايف بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود
|Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia|
|Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia|
First Deputy Prime Minister
|Tenure||27 October 2011 – 16 June 2012|
|Second Deputy Prime Minister|
|Tenure||27 March 2009 – 27 October 2011|
|Successor||Muqrin (in 2013)|
|Minister of Interior|
|Tenure||11 October 1975 – 16 June 2012|
Taif, Saudi Arabia
|Died||16 June 2012 (aged 77–78)|
|Burial||17 June 2012|
Crown Prince Muhammad
and six others
|House||House of Saud|
|Mother||Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi|
|Religion||Wahhabi Hanbali Sunni Islam|
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early experience
- 3 Minister of Interior
- 4 Second deputy prime minister
- 5 Crown Prince and first deputy prime minister
- 6 Various positions
- 7 Views
- 8 Personality
- 9 Personal life
- 10 Illness
- 11 Death and funeral
- 12 Legacy
- 13 Honours and awards
- 14 Ancestry
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Early life and educationEdit
Nayef bin Abdulaziz, sometimes Naif bin Abdulaziz, was born in Ta'if in 1934 to Ibn Saud (King Abdulaziz) and Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi, making him one of the Sudairi Seven. He was the twenty-third son of King Abdulaziz.
From 1952 to 1953, Prince Nayef served as vice governor of Riyadh Province. In 1953, he was appointed as the governor of Riyadh province and stayed in this post for one year. He then served as governor of the Medina Region. In 1970, King Faisal appointed him to both deputy interior minister and minister of state for internal affairs.
Minister of InteriorEdit
In March 1975, after King Faisal's assassination, then-minister of interior Prince Fahd became the crown prince and Prince Nayef was appointed as the minister of interior by King Khalid.
In April 2001, he, not foreign minister Saud al Faisal, went to Iran as Saudi envoy in an unprecedented move. He issued all women in Saudi Arabia identity cards. Women were previously registered under their husband's or father's name in November 2001. After the September 11 attacks, as the man in charge of the Saudi investigation he received US criticism for his continuing to insist that the Saudi hijackers were dupes in a Zionist plot for over a year after 9/11, and for not undertaking sufficient action against extremists.
In 2003, Prince Nayef, who was in charge of foreign labor, decreed that foreign workers and their family members should not exceed 20 percent of the Saudi population in 2013. Senator Charles Schumer lobbied through Prince Bandar to remove Prince Nayef as Minister of Interior in July 2003.
Between 2003 and 2006, he led Saudi Arabia's confrontation against Al Qaeda, which sponsored a series of domestic attacks on expatriate housing compounds, oil infrastructure, and industrial facilities. His political stance was strengthened because of increased media exposure and the successful end to terrorist attacks.
Crown Prince Nayef
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Second deputy prime ministerEdit
Since Crown Prince Sultan could not deal with demanding duties due to his extended absences for treatment and King Abdullah was about to travel to Doha to attend the League of Arab States Summit before going to London for the G20 summit, it was imperative to leave a senior official in charge, which added burdens to the leukemia-suffering 76-year-old Nayef. Therefore, on 27 March 2009, Prince Nayef became second deputy prime minister. His appointment caused a rare public split in the royal family. Prince Talal asked the King to clarify that the appointment did not necessarily mean that Nayef would become Crown Prince.
His appointment as second deputy prime minister expanded Prince Nayef's influence into all corners of Saudi domestic policy and allowed him to participate in the development of foreign policy. He was not expected to interfere in economic matters, but to influence the judiciary.
Prince Nayef chaired many cabinet meetings when King Abdullah and Crown Prince Sultan were away for health reasons. Critics said he was behind the cancellation of the nation's only film festival in the summer of 2009. In November 2010, he undertook all Hajj-related responsibilities. In some government offices, his picture was added next to King Abdulaziz, King Abdullah, and Crown Prince Sultan.
Crown Prince and first deputy prime ministerEdit
Prince Nayef was appointed Crown Prince and first deputy prime minister by King Abdullah on 27 October 2011, five days after the death of his full brother, Prince Sultan. Shortly thereafter he vowed that Saudi Arabia would "never sway from and never compromise on" its adherence to Wahhabi doctrine which he stated was "the source of the kingdom's pride, success and progress."
During his time as Crown Prince, Nayef brought about modernizations such as "removing religious authorities who objected to the mingling of men and women in public spaces."
Prince Nayef's career was propelled by his full-brother King Fahd. Under Fahd, the ministry of interior became one of the most influential bureaucracies in Saudi Arabia. Prince Nayef served as a mediator in disputes between King Fahd and Prince Sultan. As King Fahd's health deteriorated, his power gradually diminished as well. As Crown Prince, Prince Nayef was the most influential of the Sudairi Seven. He delegated the day-to-day responsibilities of his ministry to his son, Prince Muhammad and then-deputy minister Prince Ahmed. Prince Nayef had members of the ministry of interior placed in all overseas embassies.
When meeting with US diplomats in 2009, he voiced support for aggressive activity against Iran after what he believed was a breach of the 2001 security agreement. He urged European nations to turn in suspected terrorists and asked for US intercession. He said the most effective way to combat extremism was through Friday sermons.
Prince Nayef served for a time as the supervisor general of the Saudi committee for the Al Quds intifada, which provided aid to Palestinian refugees. He headed the supreme council on information, which oversaw the media and regulated the internet in the country. He also chaired the supreme committee on the Hajj and headed the ministerial committee on morality and the ministerial oversight committee on the World Trade Organization.
Prince Nayef was considered to be one of the more conservative, but also pragmatic, members of the Al Saud family. He viewed the potential erosion of the official Wahhabi-Salafi doctrine as a diminishing of the core legitimacy of the state itself and resisted such moves, not from a pronounced sense of religious devotion, but rather a desire to maintain a firm grip on the levers of state power.
In November 2002, Prince Nayef said, "It is impossible that 19 youths carried out the operation of September 11, or that bin Laden or al Qaeda did that alone. ... I think [the Zionists] are behind these events." He later proposed that Americans visiting the kingdom should be fingerprinted like visitors to the United States.
According to leaked cables, Prince Nayef argued for a tougher approach than King Abdullah towards the then Yemeni president Saleh in 2009. Leaked cables also argued that his views on Iran were more sophisticated and comprehensive than those of King Abdullah.
His motto was "no to change, yes to development". He believed that no change is necessary in Saudi Arabia: “Change means changing something that already exists. Whatever exists in the Kingdom is already well-established; however, there is a scope for development – development that does not clash with the principles of the nation”. In a similar vein, in March 2009, he publicly stated that he saw no need for either elections or women in government.
After visiting Cleveland for planned health-tests in March 2012, Prince Nayef addressed the controversy over the participation of Saudi women athletes at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London from his residence in Algeria. According to Al Hayat, he said that women can represent Saudi Arabia at the Olympics as long as they do not break Islamic laws. His approval was conditioned on women competing in sports that "meet the standards of women's decency and don't contradict Islamic laws", though even this concession seemed surprising. However, only a few days later, his statement led to other statements by Saudi officials. At a press conference in Jeddah, the head of the Saudi Olympic Committee, Nawwaf bin Faisal, explicitly stated that Saudi women athletes would not be sent to the Olympics: "We are not endorsing any Saudi female participation at the moment in the Olympics or other international championships." He further added that Saudi women taking part on their own are free to do so, and the Kingdom's Olympic authority would "help in ensuring that their participation does not violate the Islamic shari'a law." Though he did emphasize that this was in accordance with a previously stated position, it did seem a rebuff to Crown Prince Nayef.
Prince Nayef, before being appointed second deputy prime minister in 2009, was generally described as elusive, ambiguous, pragmatic, unimaginative, shrewd, and outspoken. According to leaked cables, he had a reputation of being anti-Western, but tended to do business if there were shared interests. It is further stated that his conservative approach did not reflect his personal religious personality (indeed, he was rumored to be a heavy drinker in his younger days). However, his conservative views allowed him to gain support from social and religious conservatives. He seemed to be reserved and even a bit shy. He was described as neither well-spoken nor articulate, and had a tendency to repeat platitudes in private as well as in public. He did appear to understand and speak at least some English. On the other hand, Prince Naif was considered by other princes to be one of the kinder members of his royal generation in his approach towards nephews and nieces.
Prince Nayef and his full brother and then-deputy interior minister, Prince Ahmed, were reported to pay massive bonuses to successful security officers. They both also had a reputation for honesty and using the security budget only for the stated purposes, not enriching themselves.
Prince Nayef married three times. He was the father of ten children.
His first wife was Noura Alfarraj Alsubaie. Later, they divorced. His child from this marriage is Jawahir, wife of late King Fahd's son, Mohammed bin Fahd, who is former governor of Eastern Province. Jawahir bint Nayef was raised by her aunt al-Jawahra bint Abdulaziz.
His third wife was Maha bint Mohammed bin Ahmad al-Sudairi. They later divorced. Their children are: Nouf, Nawwaf, Mishail, Hayfa and Fahd. In March 2013, lawyers for the Shangri-La Hotel in Paris won a legal bid at a court in Nanterre, near Paris, to have her assets in France seized, after she was caught absconding in June 2012 owing US$7.5 million having occupied with the entourage a 41-room floor for about 6 months. She is known to have bought three units in central Paris, and goods from her shopping trips around the French capital were believed to have been stored there including leather goods, artworks, jewellery, and clothing worth up to US$15 million.
Prince Nayef was said to be suffering from diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis as well as leukemia. In March 2012, he went to Morocco for a "private vacation", then to Cleveland for pre-planned medical tests. This news raised some speculation about his health and Saudi succession. He returned to Saudi Arabia after staying in Algeria in April 2012.
Prince Nayef again left Saudi Arabia for medical tests on 26 May 2012. Although it was unknown where Prince Nayef went, Prince Ahmed stated in Al Watan on 3 June 2012 that he was "well and in good health ... and he will soon return to Saudi Arabia". After his death in June 2012, it was reported that Prince Nayef had gone to Geneva on 26 May 2012 for treatment for a knee ailment.
Death and funeralEdit
On 16 June 2012 at about 1 pm (UTC+3), Saudi state television reported that Crown Prince Nayef had died. According to Reuters, he died in Geneva, Switzerland. A medical source in Geneva said that Nayef died of "cardiac problems" while staying at his brother's residence there. His body was kept at the Geneva Mosque before being taken to Jeddah.
The royal court stated that his funeral would be held on 17 June 2012. It was reported that Crown Prince Nayef's body was brought from Geneva to Jeddah. Funeral prayers were held in the Masjid al-Haram, also known as the Grand Mosque, in Mecca after sunset prayer, led by Sheikh Saud Ash-Shuraim. His body was buried in an unmarked grave in Al Adl cemetery in Mecca as per his wish on 17 June 2012.
Major political figures sent their condolences to King Abdullah, including US President Barack Obama, French President François Hollande, UK Foreign Minister William Hague, King Abdullah II of Jordan, Turkish President Abdullah Gul, and other leaders of Arab and Persian Gulf States.
Honours and awardsEdit
Prince Naif was the recipient of several honours, including the military Order of the Cloud and Banner by Taiwan (1977), the Legion of Honor by France (1977), the Al Kawkab Decoration by Jordan (1977), the Order of National Security by Republic of South Korea (1980), and the National Order of the Cedar by Lebanon (2009). In addition, he was awarded the followings;
|Ancestors of Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud|
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- Frank Rich (7 December 2002). "Pearl Harbor Day, 2002". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
... spokesman for our ally Saudi Arabia who on Tuesday declared that his country was the victim of unwarranted American intolerance bordering on hate. ... the Saudi minister of the interior, Prince Nayef, maintained as recently as last week that the 15 Saudi hijackers of 9/11 were dupes in a Zionist plot.
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- Raphaeli Nimrod (September 2003). "Saudi Arabia: A brief guide to its politics and problems". MERIA. 7 (3). Retrieved 6 April 2013.
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- "FACTBOX – Prince Nayef one of most powerful Saudi princes". Reuters. 7 September 2010.
- "Saudis protest outside Interior Ministry". The News Tribune/Associated Press. 13 March 2011. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- F. Gregory Gause (30 March 2009). "On Prince Nayef and the Succession: Nobody Knows What It Means". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Aneja, Atul (30 March 2009). "Prince Nayef elevated". The Hindu. Dubai. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Farewell to our Prince" (PDF). The Diplomat. 35: 12–15. July–August 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Richard Spencer (29 March 2009). "Hardline Prince moves closer to Saudi Arabia's throne". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Khan, Mohsin. "New Saudi Crown Prince – Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". Diplomatic Circle. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
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- McVeigh, Tracy (23 October 2011). "Prince Sultan's death fuels debate about who will succeed to the Saudi throne". The Guardian.
- "Saudi Crown Prince Nayef, next in line to throne, dies". Associated Press. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
Soon after becoming crown prince, Nayef vowed at a conference of clerics that Saudi Arabia would "never sway from and never compromise on" its adherence to the puritanical, ultraconservative Wahhabi doctrine. The ideology, he proclaimed "is the source of the kingdom's pride, success and progress."
- Ellen Knickmeyer (16 June 2012). "Saudi Arabia's Enforcer of Internal Security". The Wall Street Journal.
- Brian Ross; Jill Rackmill (15 October 2004). "Secrets of the Saudi Royal Family". ABC News. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Presidential assistant Brennan's Sept 5 discussion. Wikileaks. 11 September 2009.
- Who is Prince Nayef?. The Weekly Standard (23 December 2002). Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- Ana Echagüe; Edward Burke (June 2009). "Strong Foundations? The Imperative for Reform in Saudi Arabia" (PDF). FRIDE (Spanish Think-tank organization). pp. 1–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Kingdom of saudi will continue to follow Salafi ideology
- Arab Press Says Jews Perpetrated 9/11 Attacks. The New York Sun. 30 August 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- Simon Henderson Desert Schism: Prince Nayef Bids for Saudi Throne. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 31 March 2009
- Yemeni Tribal Leader: For Saleh, Saudi Involvement In Sa'Ada Comes Not A Moment Too Soon| الأخبار. Al Akhbar, 28 December 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- "06 RIYADH 001402". Wikileaks. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Iris Wurm (2008). "In Doubt for the Monarchy. Autocratic Modernization in Saudi-Arabia" (PDF). Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Talal Kapoor. "Nayif's Return – A Lame Duck Crown Prince? (11 April 2012)". Datarabia. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "All eyes on Nayef's strategy". Bridging the Gulf. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Anthony H. Cordesman; Nawaf Obaid (30 May 2004). "Saudi internal security: A risk assessment" (PDF). Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- Stig Stenslie (21 August 2012). Regime Stability in Saudi Arabia: The Challenge of Succession. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-136-51157-8. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Sabri Sharaf (2001). The House of Saud in Commerce: A Study of Royal Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Sharaf Sabri. p. 137. ISBN 978-81-901254-0-6. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Family Tree of Muhammad bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". Datarabia. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- Al Rakan, Nouf (28 May 2004). "Saks Supports Women's Center". Arab News. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- "A run for her money: Saudi princess flees from $7 million hotel bill". RT. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
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- The runaway shopaholic Saudi princess who left IOU notes for millions has her assets seized, Ian Sparks, The Sydney Morning Herald from The Daily Telegraph, 8 March 2013
- "The royal house is rattled too". The Economist. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Crown Prince leaves Riyadh on private vacation". Ministry of Interior. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
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- "Saudi crown prince in 'good health'". Agence France-Presse. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "Saudi crown prince leaves for more medical tests, report says". Fox News Channel. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Saudi King Abdullah leads funeral for Crown Prince Nayef in Mecca". Al Arabiya. 17 June 2012. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- Talal Kapoor (2 July 2012). "Nayif's Passing – The Family Regroups". Datarabia. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Saudi crown prince Nayef dead: state TV". The Daily Star. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Angus McDowall (16 June 2012). "Saudi Prince Nayef, next in line to throne, dies". Reuters. Riyadh. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- "Saudi Crown Prince Nayef, next in line to throne, dies". Reuters. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Salman likely to be new Saudi heir as Nayef buried". Business Recorder. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- "Funeral prayers for Saudi heir-apparent to be held Sunday". Reuters. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Angus McDowall (17 June 2012). "Saudi king to bury Crown Prince, find successor". Reuters. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- "World leaders express grief as Crown Prince Naif laid to rest". Saudi Gazette. 18 June 2012. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Al Saud move with speed to reconfigure top team after Nayef's death" (PDF). Gulf States Newsletter. 36 (926). 21 June 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Saudi prince buried in holy city". Herald Sun. Agence France-Presse. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- "Saudi Arabia: Qassim Regional Airport Named After Prince Nayef". Eurasia Review. Arab News. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz". Saudi Embassy. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Saudi Crown Prince Nayef honoured for work with UN agency on Palestinian projects". UN News Centre. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Late Prince Naif 1st Global Personality To Receive UN Award of Excellent Donor". Al Riyadh. New York. SPA. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
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|Saudi Arabian royalty|
| Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
27 October 2011 – 16 June 2012
|| Vice Governor of Riyadh Province
Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
| Governor of Riyadh Province
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
| Deputy Minister of Interior and Minister of State for Internal Affairs
1970 – March 1975
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
| Minister of Interior
Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
| Second Deputy Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
March 2009 – 27 October 2011
Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
| First Deputy Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
27 October 2011 – 16 June 2012
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud