Naya Mandir (Hindi: नया मन्दिर, lit. New Temple) is a historic Jain temple in Old Delhi in India,[1] in the Dharampura locality allocated to the Jain community by Aurangzeb.[2]

Naya Mandir
नया मन्दिर
Naya Mandir, Dharampura, Delhi.
FestivalsMahavir Jayanti
LocationDharampura lane in Chandni Chowk, Delhi
Naya Mandir is located in Delhi
Naya Mandir
Lal Mandir
Geographic coordinates28°39′10.0″N 77°13′54.4″E / 28.652778°N 77.231778°E / 28.652778; 77.231778
CreatorRaja Harsukh Rai
Date established1807

History edit

Temple in 1858

Raja Harsukh Rai, a treasurer in the Mughal Empire during the late Mughal period, constructed a large and ornate Jain temple in the Dharampura locality of Old Delhi in 1807 during the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar II with a cost of about 8 Lakh rupees, then an enormous amount.[3][4] He was able to obtain the royal permission to construct a shikhara for the temple for the first time during the Mughal rule. Thus temple is known as the Naya Mandir (new temple), since an older Jain temple, now known as the Lal Mandir already existed.

During the festivities of temple consecration (Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha), the festive pandal was raided by a local group and the gold and silver objects (chhatra, chamar, utensils) were plundered. Harsukh Rai complained to the Emperor, who ordered that they be returned.[5]

The temple houses an important collection of manuscripts.

The Naya Mandir Maha-purana manuscript edit

The Naya Mandir book collection includes a rare illustrated manuscript of Maha-purana of Acharya Jinasena. This manuscript dated to 1420 CE[6] is a rare surviving example of Jain (and Indian) art in early 15th century.

Concealed chamber edit

At one time many Jain temples contained a concealed chamber (sometimes called bhonyra भोंयरा) [7] to hide statues in troubled times. Naya Mandir also has a concealed chamber. A visitor in 1876 described it:[8]

In Delhi I found a Jain temple which was wholly unknown to Europeans well acquainted with the city; and on prosecuting inquiry, I got its priest to open to me a concealed chamber containing large statues of several of the Tirthankaras richly ornamented.

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Bharat ke Digambar Jain Tirth, Volume 1, Balbhadra Jain, 1974
  2. ^ "Jain temple". 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  3. ^ Jyotiprasad Jain, Pramukh Jain Etihasik Purush aur mahilayen, Bharatiya Jnanapitha, 1975
  4. ^ Tandon, O. P. (1986). Jaina Shrines in India. Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. p. 43. ISBN 9788123024547.
  5. ^ Jain Jagran ke Agradut, A.P> Goyaliya, 1952
  6. ^ Moti Chandra, An illustrated MS of the Maha-purana in the collection of Sri Digambar Jain Naya Mandir in the collection of Sri Digambara Jain Naya Mandir, Delhi, Lalit Kala, 5, April 1959, pp. 68-81
  7. ^ गोपाचल के निकटवर्ती तीर्थ क्षेत्र
  8. ^ A RUN THROUGH KATHIAWAR—THE HOLY MOUNTAIN, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Published by W. Blackwood, 1876, Item notes: v.120 1876 Jul-Dec